Difference between Real Interest Rates and Nominal Interest Rates


At the point when cash is acquired or borrowed from a bank, it is typically regained back to manage an account with some additional sum notwithstanding the principal borrowed sum. This additional amount of cash paid to the bank is called interest. The amount of cash is to be paid as interest relies upon the loan costs or interest rates fixed by banks.

The nominal interest rate is fixed at the hour of disposal of cash to the borrower by the moneylender. It is the rate at which cash is being reimbursed to the bank. It is chosen or decided at the hour of exchange and doesn’t change over the period of time. This is on the grounds that it doesn’t consider economic inflation or money.

The real interest rate is the real financing cost or the actual interest rate at which a borrower repays cash to the bank rather than the bookkeeping or accounting factors like economic inflation that change the rate of interest to be paid. This rate of interest henceforth is a more precise type of reimbursement to the banks as the rate is changed in the event of economic inflation.

Meaning of Real Interest Rate:

Economic inflation and interest rates are set by the central banks in a country at a particular level where it is viewed as a stable macroeconomic situation. Thus, economic inflation is considered as one of the major financial pointers or economic indicators that show the solidness and stability of the nation’s economy. It is the central bank’s liability and responsibility to increment or diminish the interest rates in view of their economy.

Economic inflation is a significant determinant of the overall value level or price level of products and services in an economy, and that is determined by financial specialists or monetary authorities through controlling the cash supply or the money supply. Economic inflation addresses a deficiency of real worth or value from the mode of trade and every single nominal resource, a misfortune that builds the buying influence or purchasing power of cash – an occurrence that a value list measures or a price index measures.

Consequently, when economic inflation happens, the rate of interest should go down as most things become less expensive. In this manner, with the real interest rate, one needs to repay the right amount of interest by the worth or value of merchandise in the market.

Consequently, the real interest rate is a more exact depiction of the market worth or value of the merchandise, and the sum should have been returned by one for the sum loaned however for a bank.

Meaning of Nominal Interest Rates:

The nominal interest rate is the rate of revenue chosen during the gaining or acquiring of an advance or a loan from a bank. It is decided at the hour of issue of the advance and stays consistent until the recuperation or recovery of the credit. Along these lines, the nominal interest rate is a predefined rate of interest on a specific amount of cash given by the bank to a borrower.

The nominal interest rate is made with the thought of supply and demand chains and economic inflation of the last monetary year. It considers the economic inflation changes during the term of the advance or loan. The market is a fluctuating substance, and economic inflation rates change now and again. Furthermore, henceforth nominal interest rates are likewise not a precise rate of interest.

Normally, provided that the nominal interest rate is represented, then the borrower needs to reimburse a larger amount of sum to the bank as economic inflation decreases the rate of return on any sum. Consequently, with the nominal interest rate, one should rest assured about the minimum payment that one needs to repay to the bank as the rate of interest won’t change.

Nominal interest rates rely on plenty of variables like demand and supply chain, risk rate, and different elements that influence the money market and the actual bank. Typically, all rates are low when there is sufficient cash available for use and with the bank, and this can be known by keeping a look at the bank’s past three or five years rate sheet.

Difference between Real Interest Rates and Nominal Interest Rates:




The real rates are accustomed to considering the monetary waves or the financial ripples brought about by economic inflation.

The nominal interest rate is the least difficult rate that doesn’t take into consideration economic inflation.

Also Known as

The real interest rate is additionally called an actual interest rate.

The other name for the nominal interest rate is the coupon rate.


Real Rate = Nominal Rate – Inflation

Nominal Rate = Real Rate + Inflation

Economic Inflation

The rate of real interest is fixed in view of levels of economic inflation.

The nominal interest rate is fixed without the impact of economic inflation.


Adaptability and flexibility are the components of the real interest rate.

Strength and stability are the elements of the nominal interest rate.


The real interest rate can be a negative measure assuming that specific circumstances prevail.

The nominal interest rate can never be a negative measure.


Typically, the interest is low in the real interest rate.

Generally, the interest is high in nominal interest rate.


The deposit rate is 2% p.a. on an Rs.1,000 venture or an investment, and the economic inflation rate is 3%. The real rate return the financial backer will acquire is 2% – 3% = – 1%. The return in the wake of considering the rate of economic inflation is negative.

A deposit rate is 2% p.a. on an Rs. 1,000 speculation or investment. The financial backer figures, he will get Rs. 200 as interest in nominal terms.


Understanding financing costs or interest rates are significant as it will help assess and analyse various loans and investments after some time. In financial aspects, real interest rates and nominal interest rates are two significant concepts. A nation’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is cited in real interest rate and nominal interest rate terms.

As expressed over, the Fisher equation helps in deciding this rate exactly. The nominal interest rate portrays the financing cost with practically no rectification for the impacts of economic inflation. The real interest rates allude to the financing cost adapted to the effect of economic inflation.

Also, see:

Difference Between Inflation and Recession

Difference Between Inflation and Deflation

Differences Between Equity Share Capital and Preference Share Capital

Mcq on Central Problems of an Economy

Mcqs on Demand and Supply

Mcqs on Gross Domestic Product

Mcqs on Inflation

Mcqs on National Income

Business Studies Mcqs

Accounting Mcqs

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