DK Goel Solutions Chapter 6 Accounting Equations

DK Goel Accountancy Class 11 Solutions Chapter 6 Accounting Equations which are outlined by expert Accountancy teachers from the latest version of DK Goel Class 11 Accountancy books. We at BYJU’S provide DK Goel Solutions to assist students to comprehend all the theories in particular. There are numerous concepts in Accountancy, but the concepts of Trial Balance, Depreciation and Bank Reconciliation Statement (BRS) are required.

DK Goel Accountancy Class 11 Solutions – Chapter 6

Short Answer Question

Question 1

Give two basic purposes of the accounting equation.

Solution: The two basic purposes of the accounting equation are.

(i) The accounting equation is always equal it ensures the accuracy in the recording of a business transaction.

(ii) It helps in preparation of the balance sheet.

Question 2

Which of the following equations are correct?

I. Assets = Capital + Liabilities

II. Assets = Capital – Liabilities

III. Assets = Liabilities – Capital

IV. Capital = Assets – Liabilities

V. Capital = Assets + Liabilities

VI. Liabilities = Capital + Assets

VII. Liabilities = Capital – Assets

VIII. Liabilities = Assets – Capital

Solution: Equations I, IV, VIII are the correct.

Question 3

The position of a businessman on 30th June 1994 was as follows –

Cash ₹5,000, Debtor ₹20,000, Machinery ₹60,000, Stock ₹25,000, Capital ₹75,000. Calculate his liabilities.

Solution: Liabilities = Assets- Capital

Liabilities = ₹5,000 + ₹20,000 + ₹60,000 + ₹25,000 – ₹75,000

= ₹1,10,000 – ₹75,000

= ₹35,000

Question 4

What entry (debit or credit) would you make to (a) increase in revenue (b)decrease in expense (c) record drawing (d) record the fresh capital introduced by owner.

Solution: (a) Increase in revenue: Credit

(b) A decrease in expense: Credit

(c) Record drawing: Debit in Capital Account

(d) Record the fresh capital introduced by the owner: Credit in Capital Account

Question 5

If a transaction has the effect of decreasing an asset, is the decrease recorded as a debit or credit? If the transaction has the effect of decreasing a liability, is the decrease recorded as a debit or credit?

Solution: (i) A decrease in Asset will be recorded on the credit side.

(ii) A Decrease in Liability will be recorded on the debit side.

Question 6

Name the transaction that will

(i) Decrease the assets and decrease the capital

(ii) Increase the assets and increase the liabilities

(iii) Increase the assets and decrease another asset

(iv) Decrease the assets and decrease the liabilities

Solution: (i) Decrease the assets and decrease the capital – Drawings or expenses

(ii) Increase the assets and increase the liabilities – Purchase of an asset on credit

(iii) Increase the assets and decrease another asset – Purchase or sale of an asset in cash

(iv) Decrease the assets and decrease the liabilities – Payment of a liability

Question 7

What will be the effect of the following on the accounting equation-

(i) Purchased goods for ₹20,000 form Mahesh on credit

(ii) Sold goods to Suresh costing ₹8,000 for ₹10,000 in cash

(iii) Paid wages ₹500

(iv) Withdrew in cash for private use ₹2,000

(v) Paid to creditors ₹2,000

Solution: (i) + Stock + Creditors

(ii) +Cash – Stock + Capital

(iii) – Cash – Capital

(iv) – Cash – Capital

(v) – Cash – Creditor

Question 8

If the total asset of a business is ₹2,00,000 and the net worth (capital) is ₹1,50,000. Calculate creditors.

Solution

Creditor (Liabilities)= Assets – Capital

= ₹2,00,000- ₹1,50,000 = ₹50,000

Question 9

A business on 1st April 2011 with a capital of ₹5,00,000. On 31st March 2012, his assets were worth ₹7,80,000 and liabilities ₹70,000. Find out his closing capital and profits earned during the year.

Solution

Closing Capital= Closing Assets-Closing liabilities

= 7,80,000 – ₹70,000 = ₹ 7,10,000

Profit = Closing Capital – Opening Capital

₹7,10,000- ₹ 5,00,000= ₹2,10,000

Question 10

On which side will the increase in the following account be recorded? Also, mention the nature of the account.

1. Cash 5. Proprietor’s Account

2. Machinery 6. Rent Received

3. Debtor 7. Salary Paid

4. Creditor 8. Interest Received

Solution

Properties Accounts Nature
Cash

Machinery

Debtor

Creditor

Proprietor’s Account

Rent Received

Salary Paid

Interest Received

Debit

Debit

Debit

Credit

Credit

Credit

Debit

Credit

Asset

Asset

Asset

Liability

Capital

Income

Expenses

Income

Question 11

On which side will the increase in the following account be recorded? Also, mention the nature of the account.

1. Furniture 5.Salary Outstanding

2. Bank 6. Subash- a customer

3. Proprietor’s Account

4. Salary Paid

Solution

Properties Accounts Nature
Furniture

Bank

Proprietor’s Account

Salary Paid

Salary Outstanding

Subash- a customer

Credit

Credit

Debit

Credit

Debit

Credit

Asset

Asset

Capital A/c

Expenses

Liability

Asset

Very Short Questions

Question 1

What is an accounting equation?

Solution: An accounting equation is an accounting formula which indicates that a company’s assets are always equal to the total of liabilities and capital.

Question 2

Give fundamental accounting equation.

Solution: Assets = Liabilities + Capital

Question 3

If the capital of a firm is ₹5,00,000 and outside liabilities are ₹2,00,000. Evaluate total assets of the company.

Solution: Total Assets ₹7,00,000

Question 4

If total assets of a company are ₹10,00,000 and capital is ₹4,00,000. Calculate creditors

Solution: Creditors ₹6,00,000

Question 5

‘X’ commenced business on April 1st 2013 with a capital of ₹6,00,000. On 31st March, 2014 his assets were worth ₹8,00,000 and liabilities ₹50,000. Find out his closing capital and profits earned during the year.

Solution: Closing capital ₹7,50,000, profit ₹1,50,000

Question 6

What is debit?

Solution: When an amount is entered on the left-hand side of an account, it is a debit and the account is said to be debited.

Question 7

What is credit?

Solution: When an amount is entered on the right-hand side of an account, it is a credit and the account is said to be credited.

Question 8

Why are the rules of credit and debit same for both capital and liabilities?

Solution: The rules of credit and debit are same for both capital and liabilities because the business entity concept capital is also treated as liability of a firm.

Question 9

Name the side on which increase in capital is recorded.

Solution: Credit side

Practical Questions

Question 1

Prepare accounting equation from the following.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sandeep started business with cash

Purchased furniture for cash

Purchased goods for cash

Purchased goods on credit

Paid for rent

Goods costing ₹40,000 sold at a profit of 20% for cash

1,00,000

5,000

20,000

36,000

700

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Furniture + Stock = Creditors
1. Sandeep began his company with cash 1,00,000 1,00,000
1,00,000 1,00,000
2. Bought furniture with cash – 5,000 + 5,000
95,000 5,000 1,00,000
3. Bought goods with cash – 20,000 + 20,000
75,000 5,000 20,000 1,00,000
4. Bought goods on credit + 36,000 + 36,000
75,000 5,000 56,000 36,000 1,00,000
5. Paid for rent -700 -700
74,300 5,000 56,000 36,000 99,300
6. Goods costing ₹40,000 sold at a 20% profit for cash +48,000 – 40,000 +8,000
1,22,300 5,000 16,000 36,000 1,07,300

Working Note:

Cost of Goods Sold = 40,000

Add: Profit 20% of Rs 40,000 = 8,000

Hence, Selling Price = 48,000

Question 2 (A)

Show the Accounting Equation on the basis of the following and present a balance sheet on the last new equation balances:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Manu started business with cash

Bought furniture for

Bought goods on credits

Sold goods on cash (cost ₹500) for

Rent Received

Bought goods for cash

Withdrew for personal use

Paid to creditors

Paid for salaries

50,000

500

4,000

700

200

1,000

700

400

200

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Furniture + Stock = Creditors
1. Manu began his company with cash 50,000 50,000
50,000 50,000
2. Bought furniture – 500 + 500
49,500 500 50,000
3. Bought goods on credit + 4,000 + 4,000
49,500 500 4,000 4,000 50,000
4. Sold goods on cash (cost ₹500) for +700 -500 (+200 profit)
50,200 500 3,500 4,000 50,200
5. Received rent +200 (+200 Income)
50,400 500 3,500 4,000 50,400
6. Bought goods for cash -1,000 +1,000
49,400 500 4,500 4,000 50,4000
7. Withdrew for personal use -700 -700 (withdrew)
48,700 500 4,500 4,000 49,700
8. Paid to creditors -400 -400
48,300 500 4,500 3,600 49,700
9. Salaries paid –200 –200
48,100 500 4,500 3,600 49,500

On Balance Sheet Entry

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Creditors

Capital

3,600

49,500

Cash

Furniture

Stock

48,100

500

4,500

53,100 53,100

Question 2 (B)

Prove that the accounting equation is satisfied in all the following transactions of Rajaram. Also prepare a balance sheet.

1. Started business with cash ₹1,20,000

2. Purchased a typewriter for cash ₹8,000 for office use

3. Purchased goods for ₹50,000 on cash

4. Purchased goods for ₹40,000 on credit

5.Goods costing ₹60,00 sold for ₹80,000on credit

6. Paid for rent ₹1,500 and for salaries ₹2,000

7. Received ₹800 for commission

8. Withdrew for private use ₹5,000 in cash

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Typewriter+ Stock + Debtors =Creditors
1. Started business with cash 1,20,000 1,20,000
1,20,000 1,20,000
2. Purchased a typewriter – 8,000 + 8,000
1,12,000 8,000 1,20,000
3. Purchased goods on credit –50,000 +50,000 + 4,000
62,000 8,000 50,000 4,000 1,20,000
4. Purchased goods on cash +40,000 40,000
62,000 8,000 90,000 40,000 1,20,000
5. Goods costing ₹60,00 sold for ₹80,000 on credit -60,000 +80,000 +20,000 (profit)
62,000 8,000 30,000 80,000 40,000 1,40,000
6. Paid for rent –3,500 –3,500 (Expenses)
58,500 8,000 30,000 80,000 40,000 1,36,500
7. Commission Received +800 +800(Income)
59,300 8,000 30,000 80,000 40,000 1,37,300
8. Cash withdrawal for private use –5,000 –5,000 (Withdrewal)
54,300 8,000 30,000 80,000 40,000 1,32,300

Ranjan’s Balance Sheet

Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Creditor

Capital

40,000

1,32,000

Cash

Typewriter

Stock

Debtor

54,300

8,000

30,000

80,000

1,72,300 1,72,300

Question 3

Prepare Accounting Equation from the following:

(a) Started business with Cash ₹ 2,00,000.

(b) Purchased goods for Cash ₹ 60,000 and on Credit ₹ 1,50,000.

(c) Sold goods for Cash costing ₹ 40,000 at a profit of 20% and on Credit costing ₹ 72,000 at a profit of 25%.

(d) Paid for Rent ₹ 5,000.

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Debtors = Creditors
1. Started business with cash 2,00,000 2,00,000
2,00,000 2,00,000
2. Bought product for ₹60,000 Cash and on ₹1,50,000 credit –60,000 +2,10,000 +1,50,000
+1,40,000 2,10,000 1,50,000 2,00,000
3. Sold goods for ₹40,000 cash at 20% profit on ₹72,000 credit at 25% profit +48,000 –1,12,000 +90,000 + 4,000 +26,000 (Profit)
+1,88,000 98,000 90,000 1,50,000 2,26,000
4. Rent paid – 5,000 –5,000 (Expenses)
+1,83,000 98,000 90,000 1,50,000 2,21,000

Working Note:

Calculating selling price of product sold

Cost of goods sold = 40,000

Add: 20% profit of ₹40,000 = 8,000

Hence, selling price for goods sold for cash = 48,000

Cost of goods sold = 72,000

Add: 20% profit of ₹72,000 = 18,000

Hence, selling price for goods sold for cash = 90,000

Total Profit = 8,000 + 18,000 = Rs 26,000

Total Cost of Goods Sold = 40,000 + 72,000 = Rs 1,12,000

Question 4

Prepare accounting equation from the following.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5

Kunal started business with cash

He purchased furniture for cash

He paid commission

He purchased goods on credit

He sold goods(Costing ₹20,000) for cash

2,50,000

35.000

2,000

40,000

26,000

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Furniture + Stock = Creditors
1. Kunal started his company with cash +2,50,000 2,50,000
2,50,000 2,50,000
2. Purchased furniture for cash –35,000 +35,000 +1,50,000
2,15,000 35,000 2,50,000
3. Paid commission –2,000 -2,000 (Expense)
2,13,000 35,000 2,48,000
4. He purchased goods on credit +40,000 +40,000
2,13,000 35,000 40,000 40,000 2,48,000
5. He sold goods(Costing ₹20,000) for cash +26,000 –20,000 +6,000 (Profit)
2,39,000 35,000 20,000 40,000 2,54,000

Question 5

Mohit has the following transaction. Prepare accounting equation

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Business started with cash

Purchased goods from Rohit

Sold goods on credit to Manish (costing ₹17,500)

Purchased furniture for office use

Cash paid to Rohit in full settlement

Cash received from Manish

Rent Paid

Cash withdrawn for personal use

1,75,000

50,000

20,000

10,000

48,5000

20,000

1,000

3,000

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Debtors Furniture =Creditors
1. Business Started with cash +1,75,000 +1,75,000
1,75,000 1,75,000
2. Goods purchased from Rohit +50,000 +50,000
1,75,000 50,000 50,000 1,75,000
3. Goods sold to Manish on credit –17,500 +20,000 +2,500 (Profit)
1,75,000 32,500 20,000 50,000 1,77,500
4. Furniture purchased for office –10,000 +10,000
1,65,000 32,500 20,000 10,000 50,000 1,77,500
5. Paid full cash to Rohit –48,500 -50,000 +1,500 (Gain)
1,16,500 32,500 20,000 10,000 0 1,79,000
6. Received cash from Manish +20,000 –20,000
1,36,500 32,500 0 10,000 1,79,000
7. Rent Paid –1,000 –1,000 (Expense)
1,35,500 32,500 10,000 1,78,000
8. Cash withdrew for private use –3,000 –3,000 (Drawings)
1,32,500 32,500 10,000 1,75,000

Question 6

What will be the effect of the following on the Accounting Equation?

(i) Harish started business with cash ₹ 1,80,000

(ii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 60,000 and on credit ₹ 30,000

(iii) Sold goods for cash ₹ 40,000; costing ₹ 24,000

(iv) Rent paid ₹ 5,000; and rent outstanding ₹ 2,000

(v) Sold goods on credit ₹ 50,000 (costing ₹ 38,000)

(vi) Salary paid in advance ₹ 3,000

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Debtors Prepaid Salary =Creditors+ Outstanding Rent
1. Harish started business with cash +1,80,000 +1,80,000
1,80,000 1,80,000
2. Purchased goods for ₹60,000 cash and on ₹ 30,000 credit –60,000 +90,000 +30,000
1,20,000 90,000 30,000 1,80,000
3. Sold goods for ₹40,000 cash costing ₹ 24,000 +40,000 –24,000 +16,000 (Profit)
1,60,000 66,000 30,000
4. Rent paid ₹5,000. Rent outstanding ₹2,000 –5,000 +2,000 –7,000 (Expense)
1,55,000 66,000 30,000 2,000 1,89,000
5. Sold goods on ₹50,000 credit (costing ₹ 38,000) –38,000 +50,000 +12,000 (Profit)
1,55,000 28,000 50,000 30,000 2,000 2,01,000
6. Salary paid in advance ₹ 3,000 –3,000 +3,000
1,52,000 28,000 50,000 3,000 30,000 2,000 2,01,000

Question 7

Use Accounting Equation to show the effect of the following transactions of M/s Royal Traders.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Business started with cash

Purchased goods for cash

Rent received

Salary outstanding

Prepaid insurance

Received interest

Sold goods for cash(costing ₹5,000)

Goods destroyed by fire

1,20,000

10,000

5,000

2,000

1,000

700

7,000

500

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Prepaid Insurance =Outstanding Salary
1. Business Started with cash +1,20,000 +1,20,000
1,20,000 1,20,000
2. Goods purchased for cash from Rohit –10,000 +10,000
1,10,000 10,000 1,20,000
3. Received rent +5,000 +5,000 (Income)
1,15,000 10,000 1,25,000
4. Salary outstanding +2,000 –2,000 (Expense)
1,15,000 10,000 2,000 1,23,000
5. Prepaid insurance –1,000 +1,000
1,14,000 10,000 1,000 2,000 1,23,000
6. Received interest +700 +700 (Income)
1,14,700 10,000 1,000 2,000 1,23,700
7. Sold goods for cash(costing ₹5,000) +7,000 –5,000 +2,000 (Profit)
1,21,700 5,000 1,000 2,000 1,25,700
8. Goods destroyed by fire –500 –500
1,21,700 4,500 1,000 2,000 1,25,200

Question 8 (A)

Prepare Accounting Equation from the following.

1. Started business with cash ₹ 75,000 and goods ₹ 25,000

2. Paid for Rent ₹ 2,000

3. Bought goods for cash ₹ 30,000 and on credit for ₹ 44,000

4. Goods costing ₹ 50,000 sold at a profit of 25%, out of which ₹ 27,500 received in Cash

5. Purchased a Motor-cycle for personal use ₹ 20,000

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Debtor =Creditors
1. Started business with ₹75,000 cash and ₹25,000 goods +75,000 25,000 1,00,000
75,000 25,000 1,00,000
2. Rent paid –2,000 –2,000 (Expense)
73,000 25,000 98,000
3. Bought goods for ₹30,000 cash and on ₹44,000

credit

–30,000 +74,000 +44,000
43,000 99,000 44,000 98,000
4. Goods costing ₹ 50,000 sold at a 25% profit , out of which ₹ 27,500 received in Cash +27,500 –50,000 +35,000 +12,500 (Profit)
70,500 49,000 35,000 44,000 1,10,500
5. Purchased a Motor-cycle for personal use –20,000 –20,000 (Drawings)
50,500 49,000 35,000 44,000 90,500

Working Note:

Calculating selling price

Cost of goods sold = 50,000

Add: 25% profit of ₹50,000 = 12,500

Hence, selling price for goods sold = 62,000

Less cash received – 27,500

Credit sales = 35,000

Question 8 (B)

Prepare Accounting Equation from the following and also prepare a Balance Sheet:-

1. Raghu started business with Cash ₹1,50,000

2. Bought goods for cash ₹80,000 and on credit for ₹40,000

3. Goods costing ₹75,000 sold at a profit of 33\(\frac{1}{2}\) %. Half the payment received in cash

4. Goods costing ₹10,000 sold for ₹12,000 on credit

5. Paid for Rent ₹2,000 and for salaries ₹4,000

6. Goods costing ₹20,000 sold for ₹18,500 for Cash

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Debtors = Creditors
1. Raghu Started business with cash +1,50,000 +1,50,000
1,50,000 1,50,000
2. Bought goods for ₹80,000 cash and ₹40,000 credit –80,000 +1,20,000 +40,000
70,000 1,20,000 40,000 1,50,000
3. Goods costing ₹75,000 sold at 33\(\frac{1}{2}\) % profit. Half the payment received in cash +50,000 –75,000 +50,000 25,000 (Profit)
1,20,000 45,000 50,000 40,000 1,75,000
4. Goods costing ₹10,000 sold for ₹12,000 on credit –10,000 +12,000 +2,000 (Profit)
1,20,000 35,000 62,000 40,000 1,77,000
5. Paid for Rent ₹2,000 and for salaries ₹4,000 –6,000 -6,000(expense)
1,14,000 35,000 62,000 40,000 1,71,000
6. Goods costing ₹20,000 sold for ₹18,500 for Cash +18,000 -20,000 -1,500(loss)
1,32,500 15,000 62,000 40,000 1,69,500

Working Note:

Calculating selling price

Cost of goods sold =75,000

Add: 33\(\frac{1}{2}\) % profit of ₹75,000 = 25,000

Hence, selling price for goods sold = 1,00,000

Less: cash received (50%) = -50,000

Credit sales = 50,000

Raghu’s business record on balance sheet

Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Creditors

Capital

40,000

1,69,500

Cash

Stock

Debtor

1,32,500

15,000

62,000

2,09,500 2,09,500

Question 9

If the Capital of a business is ₹ 1,20,000 and Outside liabilities are ₹ 20,000, calculate total assets of the business.

Solution: The total assets of a business can be calculated as.

Assets = Liabilities + Capital

= 20,000 + 1,20,000

= 1,40,000

Question 10

If total assets of a business are ₹ 1,30,000 and capital is ₹ 80,000, calculate creditors.

Solution: The creditor can be calculated as

Assets = Liabilities + Capital

1,30,000 = Liabilities + 80,000

Liabilities = + 80,000 – 1,30,000

Hence, Liabilities = Rs 50,000

Question 11

‘A’ commenced his cloth business on 1st April, 2011 with a capital of ₹ 3,00,000. On 31st March, 2012 his assets were worth ₹ 5,00,000 and liabilities ₹ 1,00,000. Find out his closing capital and profits earned during the year.

Solution: Opening capital as on 31st March 2011 = ₹ 3,00,000

1. Closing capital calculation as on 31st March 2012

Assets = Liabilities + Capital

₹5,00,000 = ₹1,00,000 + Capital

Capital = +₹1,00,000 – ₹5,00,000

Hence, Losing capital = ₹4,00,000

2. Profit earned calculation from March 31st 2011 to March 31st 2012

Closing capital = Opening capital + Additional Capital + Profit – Drawing

₹4,00,000 = ₹3,00,000+ 0 + Profit – 0

Profit = – ₹3,00,000 + ₹4,00,000

So, the profit earned within the year is ₹1,00,000

Question 12 (A)

Yogesh commenced business on 1st April, 2011 with a Capital of ₹ 5,00,000 and a loan of ₹ 1,00,000 borrowed from Citi Bank. On 31st March, 2012, his assets were ₹ 8,00,000. Calculate his closing capital and profits earned during the year.

Solution: Opening capital as on 31st March 2011 = ₹ 5,00,000

1. Closing capital calculation as on 31st March 2012

Assets = Liabilities + Capital

₹8,00,000 = ₹1,00,000 + Capital

Capital = +₹1,00,000 – ₹8,00,000

Hence, Losing capital = ₹7,00,000

2. Profit earned calculation from March 31st 2011 to March 31st 2012

Closing capital = Opening capital + Additional Capital + Profit – Drawing

₹7,00,000 = ₹5,00,000+ 0 + Profit – 0

Profit = + ₹7,00,000 – ₹5,00,000

So, the profit earned within the year is ₹2,00,000

Question 12 (B)

If in the above case, the proprietor had introduced fresh capital of ₹ 40,000 and had withdrawn ₹ 10,000 for personal purposes, calculate his profits.

Solution: Opening capital as on 31st March 2011 = ₹ 5,00,000

1. Closing capital calculation as on 31st March 2012

Assets = Liabilities + Capital

₹8,00,000 = ₹1,00,000 + Capital

Capital = + ₹1,00,000 – ₹8,00,000

Hence, Losing capital = ₹7,00,000

2. Profit earned calculation from March 31st 2011 to March 31st 2012

Closing capital = Opening capital + Additional Capital + Profit – Drawing

₹7,00,000 = ₹5,00,000 + 40,000 + Profit – 10,000

₹7,00,000 = ₹5,30,000 + Profit

Profit = + ₹7,00,000 – ₹5,30,000

So, the profit earned within the year is ₹1,70,000

Question 13

Give one example of each of the following transactions

1. Increase in an asset and a liability

2. Decrease in an asset and a liability

3. Increase in assets and capital

4. Decrease in assets and capital

Solution:

The example of each of transactions are mentioned below

Transaction Example
1. Increase in an asset and a liability

2. Decrease in an asset and a liability

3. Increase in assets and capital

4. Decrease in assets and capital

Products bought on credit

Paid Cash to creditors

Additional capital brought in by the proprietor

Paid salary in Cash

Question 14

On which side the increase in the following accounts will be recorded? Also mention the nature of account:−

1. Furniture

2. Rent Paid

3. Commission Received

4. Salary Paid

5. Proprietor’s Paid

6. Debtor

7. Creditor

Solution:

The account details are mentioned below.

Account Increase Side Nature
1. Furniture

2. Rent Paid

3. Commission Received

4. Salary Paid

5. Proprietor’s Paid

6. Debtor

7. Creditor

Debit

Debit

Credit

Debit

Credit

Debit

Credit

Asset

Expense

Income

Expense

Capital

Asset

Liability

Question 15

On which side the decrease in the following accounts will be recorded? Also mention the nature of account:−

1. Cash Bank

2. Bank Overdraft

3. Rent Paid

4. Outstanding Rent

5. Prepaid Insurance

6. Manoj, Proprietor of the business

Solution:

The account details are mentioned below.

Account Decrease Side Nature
1. Cash Bank

2. Bank Overdraft

3. Rent Paid

4. Outstanding Rent

5. Prepaid Insurance

6. Manoj, Proprietor of the business

Credit

Debit

Credit

Debit

Credit

Debit

Asset

Liability

Expense

Liability

Asset

Capital

Question 16

From the following transactions, state the nature of accounts and state the accounts which will be debited and credited:

1. Ganesh started business with Cash ₹ 2,00,000

2. Purchased goods for Cash ₹ 60,000

3. Sold goods for cash ₹ 75,000

4. Purchased goods from Nakul on Credit for ₹ 80,000

5. Sold goods to Bhushan on Credit for ₹ 50,000

6. Paid Cash to Nakul ₹ 20,000

7. Received Cash from Bhushan ₹ 10,000

8. Paid salary ₹ 20,000

Solution:

Transaction Nature of account (Debit) Nature of account (Credit)
Ganesh started business with Cash ₹ 2,00,000 Cash A/c- Debit (Asset) Capital A/c- Credit (Liability)
Purchased goods for Cash ₹ 60,000 Purchases- Debit (Expense) Cash A/c- Credit (Asset)
Sold goods for cash ₹ 75,000 Cash A/c- Debit (Asset) Sales A/c- Credit (Revenue)
Purchased goods from Nakul on Credit for ₹ 80,000 Purchases A/c- Debit (Expense) Nakul A/c- Credit (Liability)
Sold goods to Bhushan on Credit for ₹ 50,000 Bhushan A/c- Debit (Asset) Sales A/c- Credit (Revenue)
Paid Cash to Nakul ₹ 20,000 Nakul A/c- Debit (Liability) Cash A/c- Credit (Asset)
Received Cash from Bhushan ₹ 10,000 Cash A/c- Debit (Asset) Bhushan A/c- Credit (Asset)
Paid salary ₹ 20,000 Salary A/c- Debit (Expense) Cash A/c- Credit (Asset)

Question 17

Open ‘T’ shape account for Machinery and write the following on the proper side.

Machinery purchased for

Machinery sold

Machinery discarded

New Machinery purchased

Machinery destroyed

₹ 5,00,000

₹ 1,20,000

₹ 50,000

₹ 2,00,000

₹ 40,000

Solution:

Particular Amount Particular Amount
Record increase in Machinery on this side Record decrease in Machinery on this side
Machinery purchased for ₹ 5,00,000 Machinery sold ₹ 1,20,000
New Machinery purchased ₹ 2,00,000 Machinery discarded ₹ 50,000
Machinery destroyed ₹ 40,000
Total ₹ 7,00,000 Total ₹ 2,10,000
Balance ₹ 4,90,000
₹ 7,00,000 ₹ 7,00,000

Question 18

Open ‘T’ shape account of our creditor ‘Raghubir’ and write the following transactions on the proper side.

1. Purchased goods from Raghubir on credit for ₹ 50,000

2. Returned goods to Raghubir for ₹ 5,000

3. Paid to Raghubir ₹ 30,000

4. Purchased goods from Raghubir on credit for ₹ 16,000

5. Paid to Raghubir ₹ 20,000

Solution:

Particular Amount Particular Amount
Record increase in Machinery Record decrease in Machinery
Purchased goods from Raghubir on credit ₹ 50,000 Returned goods to Raghubir for ₹ 5,000
Purchased goods from Raghubir on credit ₹ 16,000 Paid to Raghubir ₹ 30,000
Paid to Raghubir ₹ 20,000
Total ₹ 66,000 Total ₹ 55,000
Balance ₹ 11,000
₹ 66,000 ₹ 66,000

Question 19

Put the following on the proper side of Cash account, Debtor’s account and Creditor’s account.

1. Sold goods for cash ₹ 60,000

2. Sold goods to Hari on credit ₹ 20,000

3. Purchased goods from Krishan on credit ₹ 36,000

4. Purchased goods from Krishan for cash ₹ 10,000

5. Cash received from Hari ₹ 15,000

6. Cash paid to Krishan ₹ 28,000

Solution:

Dr. Cash Account Cr.
Particular Amount Particular Amount
Record increase in Machinery Record decrease in Machinery
Sold goods for cash ₹ 60,000 Purchased goods from Krishan for cash ₹ 10,000
Cash received from Hari ₹ 15,000 Cash paid to Krishan ₹ 28,000
Total ₹ 75,000 Total ₹ 38,000
Balance ₹ 37,000
₹ 75,000 ₹ 75,000
Dr. Debtors Account Cr.
Particular Amount Particular Amount
Record increase in Machinery Record decrease in Machinery
Sold goods to Hari on credit ₹ 20,000 Cash received from Hari ₹ 15,000
Total ₹ 20,000 Total ₹ 15,000
Balance ₹ 5,000
₹ 20,000 ₹ 20,000
Dr. Creditors Account Cr.
Particular Amount Particular Amount
Record increase in Machinery Record decrease in Machinery
Purchased goods from Krishan on credit ₹ 36,000 Cash paid to Krishan ₹ 28,000
Total ₹ 36,000 Total ₹ 28,000
Balance ₹ 8,000
₹ 36,000 ₹ 36,000

Question 20

From the following transactions prepare the Proprietor’s Account in ‘T’ shape.

2013
April 1

August 1

Dec 31

Commenced business with Cash

Introduced additional Capital

Drawings

5,00,000

1,00,000

40,000

2014
Feb. 28

March 31

Drawings

Net Profit shown by Profit & Loss A/c

20,000

1,25,000

Solution:

Dr. Capital Account Cr.
Particular Amount Particular Amount
Record increase in Machinery Record decrease in Machinery
Commenced business ₹ 5,00,000 Drawings ₹ 40,000
Introduced additional capital ₹ 1,00,000 Drawings ₹ 20,000
Profit earned ₹ 1,25,000
Total 7,25,000 Total 60,000
Balance 6,65,000
7,25,000 7,25,000

Question 21

Prepare the Accounting Equation on the basis of the following

1. Started business with cash ₹ 1,40,000 and Stock ₹ 2,50,000.

2. Sold goods (costing ₹ 50,000) at a profit of 25% on the cost.

3. Deposited into bank account ₹ 1,80,000.

4. Purchased goods from Mohan ₹ 80,000.

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Bank =Creditors
1. Started business with ₹ 1,40,000 cash and ₹ 2,50,000 Stock +1,40,000 +1,40,000 3,90,000
1,40,000 1,40,000 1,40,000
2. Goods (costing Rs 50,000) sold at a profit of 25% on cost +62,500 –50,000 +12,500 (Profit)
2,02,500 2,00,000 4,02,500
3. Deposited into bank –1,80,000 +1,80,000 +44,000
22,500 2,00,000 1,80,000 4,02,500
4. Purchased goods from Mohan +80,000 +80,000 +12,500 (Profit)
22,500 2,80,000 1,80,000 80,000 4,02,500

Working Note.

Selling price calculation

Cost of Goods Sold = 50,000

Add: Profit 20% of Rs 50,000 = 12,500

Hence, Selling Price = 62,500

Question 22

Prepare Accounting Equation on the basis of the following transactions.

1. Started business with cash ₹ 70,000.

2. Credit purchase of goods ₹ 18,000.

3. Payment made to creditors in full settlement ₹ 17,500.

4. Purchase of machinery for cash ₹ 20,000.

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Machinery =Creditors
1. Started business with cash 70,000. 70,000.
70,000. 70,000.
2. Credit purchase of goods + 18,000 + 18,000
70,000 18,000 18,000 70,000
3. Payment made to creditors in full settlement –17,500 –18,000 +500 (Gain)
52,500 18,000 0 70,500
4. Purchase of machinery for cash –20,000 20,000
32,500 18,000 20,000 70,500

Question 23

Prepare accounting equation from the following

1. Started business with cash ₹ 50,000 and goods ₹ 30,000

2. Purchased goods for cash ₹ 30,000 and on credit from Karan ₹ 20,000

3. Goods costing ₹ 40,000 were sold for ₹ 55,000 for cash

4. Withdrew cash for personal use ₹ 10,000

5. Rent outstanding ₹ 2,000

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + = Machinery =Creditors
1. Initiated business with cash and goods +50,000 +30,000 80,000
50,000 30,000 80,000
2. Bought goods for cash on credit from Karan –30,000 +50,000 +20,000
20,000 80,000 20,000 80,000
3. Goods costing ₹ 40,000 were sold for ₹ 55,000 for cash +55,000 –40,000 +15,000 (Profit)
75,000 40,000 20,000 95,000
4. Withdrew cash for personal use ₹ 10,000 –10,000 –10,000 (Drawings)
65,000 40,000 20,000 85,000
5. Rent outstanding ₹ 2,000 +2,000 –2,000 (Expense)
65,000 40,000 20,000 2,000 83,000

Question 24

Show the accounting equation on the basis of the following transactions and present a Balance Sheet of the last new equation balance.

Mohan commenced business with

Purchased goods on Credit

Withdrew for private use

Purchased goods for Cash

Paid wages

Paid to Creditors

Sold goods on Credit at par

Sold goods for Cash (cost price was ₹ 3,000)

Purchased furniture for cash

₹ 70,000

₹ 14,000

₹ 1,700

₹ 10,000

₹ 300

₹ 10,000

₹ 15,000

₹ 4,000

500

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Debtors + Furniture =Creditors
1. Mohan commenced business with +70,000 70,000
70,000 70,000
2. Purchased goods on Credit +14,000 +14,000
70,000 14,000 14,000 70,000
3. Withdrew for private use –1,700 –1,700 (Drawings)
68,300 14,000 14,000 68,300
4. Purchased goods for Cash –10,000 +10,000
58,300 24,000 14,000 68,300
5. Paid wages –300 –300 (Expense)
58,000 24,000 14,000 68,000
6. Paid to Creditors –10,000 –10,000
48,000 24,000 4,000 68,000
7. Sold goods on Credit at par –15,000 +15,000
48,000 9,000 +15,000 4,000 68,000
8. Sold goods for Cash (cost price was ₹ 3,000) +4,000 –3,000 +1,000 (Profit)
52,000 6,000 15,000 4,000 69,000
9. Purchased furniture for cash –500 +500
51,500 6,000 15,000 500 4,000 69,000
Balance Sheet as on
Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Creditors 4,000 Cash 51,500
Capital 69,000 Stock 6,000
Debtor 15,000
Furniture 500
73,000 73,000

Question 25

Prove that the accounting equation is satisfied in the following transactions.

Brij Mohan commenced business with Cash ₹ 1,00,000
Bought goods for Cash ₹ 60,000
1/3rd of the above goods sold at a profit of 20% on cost. Half the payment received in Cash
Purchased typewriter for office use ₹ 15,000
Purchased goods on Credit from X ₹ 25,000
Paid to X ₹ 15,000
Paid Salary ₹ 3,000
Received commission ₹ 500
Sold goods for Cash (Cost ₹ 50,000) ₹ 60,000

Solution:

Accounting Equation
S.No Transaction Assets = Liabilities + Capital
Cash + Stock + Typewriter + Debtors =Creditors
1. Brij Mohan commenced business with Cash +70,000 70,000
70,000 70,000
2. Bought goods for Cash +14,000 +14,000
70,000 14,000 14,000 70,000
3. 1/3rd of the above goods sold at a profit of 20% on cost. Half the payment received in Cash –1,700 –1,700 (Drawings)
68,300 14,000 14,000 68,300
4. Purchased typewriter for office use –10,000 +10,000
58,300 24,000 14,000 68,300
5. PPurchased goods on Credit from X –300 –300 (Expense)
58,000 24,000 14,000 68,000
6. Paid to X –10,000 –10,000
48,000 24,000 4,000 68,000
7. Paid Salary –15,000 +15,000
48,000 9,000 +15,000 4,000 68,000
8. Received commission +4,000 –3,000 +1,000 (Profit)
52,000 6,000 15,000 4,000 69,000
9. Sold goods for Cash (Cost ₹ 50,000) –500 +500
51,500 6,000 15,000 500 4,000 69,000

The above-provided solutions are considered to be the best solution for ‘DK Goel Solutions Accountancy Class 11 Chapter 6 – “Accounting Equations”. Stay tuned for updated Class 11 accountancy solutions.

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