Functions of Management

Management is defined as the procedure of organising, directing, planning and controlling the efforts of organisational members and of managing organisational sources to accomplish particular goals.

  • Planning is the purpose of ascertaining in advance what is supposed to be done and who has to do it. This signifies establishing goals in advance and promoting a way of delivering them effectively and efficiently. In an establishment, the aim is the obtainment and sale of conventional Indian handloom and workmanship articles. They trade furnishings, readymades, household items and fabrics made out of classical Indian textiles.
  • Organising is the administrative operation of specifying grouping tasks, duties, authorising power and designating resources needed to carry out a particular system. Once a definite plan has been set for the completion of an organisational intent, the organising party reviews the actions and resources expected to execute the program. It ascertains what actions and resources are needed. It determines who will do a distinct job, where and when it will be done.
  • Staffing is obtaining the best resources for the right job. A significant perspective of management is to make certain that the appropriate people with the apt skills are obtainable in the proper places and times to achieve the goals of the company. This is also called the human resource operations and it includes activities such as selection, placement, recruitment and coaching of employees.

Related Read: What are the 3 Levels of Management?

  • Directing involves directing, leading and encouraging the employees to complete the tasks allocated to them. This entails building an environment that inspires employees to do their best. Motivation and leadership are 2 chief elements of direction. Directing also includes communicating efficiently as well as managing employees at the workplace. Motivating workers means simply building an atmosphere that urges them to want to work. Leadership is inspiring others to do what the manager wants them to do.
  • Controlling is the management operation of controlling organisational achievement towards the accomplishment of organisational intentions. The job of controlling comprises ascertaining criteria of performance, computing the current performance, comparing this with organised rules and taking remedial action where any divergence is observed. Here management should ascertain what activities and outputs are important to progress, how and where they can be regulated and who should have the power to take remedial response.

The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about the Functions of Management for the class 12 Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.



  1. It is good to understand the lessons in this app.
    Thank you one and all.

  2. Supper