Partnership Deed

A partnership is a kind of business where a formal agreement between two or more people is made and agreed to be the co-owners, distribute responsibilities for running an organisation and share the income or losses that the business generates. This features of partnerships are documented in a document which is known as partnership deeds.

What is a Partnership Deed?

Partnership deed is a partnership agreement between the partners of the firm which outlines the terms and conditions of the partnership between the partners. The purpose of a partnership deed is to provide clear understanding of the roles of each partner which ensures smooth running of the operations of the firm.

Partnership Deed

The Partnership comes into the limelight when:

  • There is an outcome of agreement among the partners.
  • The agreement can be either in written or oral form.
  • The Partnership Act does not demand that the agreement has to be in writing. Wherever it is in the form of writing, the document, which comprises terms of the agreement is called ‘Partnership Deed.’
  • It usually comprises the attributes about all the characteristics influencing the association between the partners counting the aim of trade, the contribution of capital by each of the partner, the ratio in which the gains and losses will be divided by the partners and privilege and entitlement of partners to interest on loan, interest on capital, etc.

Registration of Partnership Deed:

All the rights and responsibilities of each member are recorded in a document known as Partnership Deed. This deed can be oral or written; however, an oral agreement is of no use when the firm has to deal with the tax. Few essential characteristics of partnership deed are:

  • The name of the firm.
  • Name and addresses of the partners.
  • Nature of the business.
  • The term or duration of the partnership.
  • The amount of capital to be contributed by each partner.
  • The drawings that can be made by each partner.
  • The interest to be allowed on capital and charged on drawings.
  • Rights of partners.
  • Duties of partners.
  • Remuneration to partners.
  • The method used for calculating goodwill.
  • Profit and loss sharing ratio

Quick Link: Nature of Partnership

Partnership Deed Contents

While making partnership deed, all the provisions and the legal points of the partnership deed are included. This deed also includes basic guidelines for future projects and can be used as evidence at times of conflict or legal procedures. For a general partnership deed below mentioned information should be included.

  • Name of the firm as determined by all partners.
  • Name and details of all the partners of the firm.
  • The date on which business commenced.
  • Firm’s existence duration.
  • Amount of capital contributed by each partner.
  • Profit sharing ratio between the partners.
  • Duties, obligations and power of each partner of the firm.
  • The salary and commission if applicable that is payable to partners.
  • The process of admission or retirement of a partner.
  • The method used for calculating goodwill.
  • The procedure that must be followed in cases of dispute arising between partners.
  • Procedure for cases where a partner becomes insolvent.
  • Procedure for settlement of accounts in the event of dissolution of a firm.

You might also want to know: Different modes of reconstitution of Partnership Firm

Importance of partnership deed

 Few are the important advantages of the well-drafted deed:

  • It controls and monitors the rights, responsibilities, and liabilities of all the partners
  • Avoids dispute between the partners.
  • Avoids confusion on profit and loss distribution ratio among the partners.
  • Individual partner’s responsibilities are mentioned clearly.
  • Partnership deed also defines a remuneration or salary of the partners and working partners. However, interest is paid to each partner who has invested capital in the business.

Also Check: The importance of the Partnership Agreement

The above mentioned is the concept that is explained in detail about Partnership Deed for the class 12 students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.


  1. Good keep it up

  2. Thanks Byju’s for providing such kind of notes, I cleared my EPFO exam. 🙂

  3. Thanks Byju’s for providing such kind of notes.

  4. Thank u for the clear description of the notes it helps to understand the topic well.

  5. Wow, thanks so much I really understood it clearly

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