Ever tried writing a report on some event you were a part of? What are the kind of details you think should be included in a report? Learn everything about report writing, how to write a report, the various types of reports, and the format and structure of a report in this article.
Table of Contents
- What Is a Report?
- What to Include in a Report?
- Types of Reports
- Report Writing Format and Structure
- How to Write a Report?
- Frequently Asked Questions on Report Writing
What Is a Report?
A report is a document of the summary of an event, issue, or a topic. A report is never a fictional story. Writing a report aims to let the unaware readers know about a particular topic or idea. However, there is no particular definition of a report. Any discourse, written or verbal, covering a particular topic is known as a report. A report can be a courtroom confession or a child’s book report. But in general, when people talk about a report, it is more of an official document describing the facts of a topic, which is typically written by experts. The information regarding the event or topic must have enough evidence to support the statement. The data must be factually correct as it reaches various readers. A report must be written in an informative tone rather than opinionated.
What to Include in a Report?
A report is a document which covers all the information related to the event or topic and includes all the factual information. Therefore, the one who writes a report must ensure that all the information provided has proper evidence for the same.
The information that can be added to a report include,
- The brief details of the event
- Consequences and effects of the event
- Evaluation of statistical data and analytics
- Interpretations from the information
- How the information is relevant to other events
There is often a lot of confusion when it comes to report writing and essay writing, although there are clear differences between them. Both essays and reports are written based on factual information; essays include the personal opinion of the author; whereas, reports stick to the facts. However, reports also include the author’s interpretation of the topic in the conclusion of the report. The only difference is that these interpretations are objective. A report is a more systematic and organised way of writing which includes headings, subheadings, etc. and makes it easier for the readers to read. Essays, on the other hand, are mostly written in a single flow without subheadings or breaks.
Types of Reports
Reports are classified into three main types depending on the purpose or motive behind the report. The common types of reports are
- Academic Reports: This report tests the child’s comprehension ability. It tests if the student has understood the lesson and is able to comprehend the subject matter, such as books, historical events, biographies, etc.
- Business Reports: It can be a marketing report, work report, etc., and the main purpose of writing the business report is to identify different business strategies.
- Scientific Reports: Share research findings like case studies and journals.
Report Writing Format and Structure
The structure of a report depends on the type of report and the requirements of the report. The basic format for writing a report is mentioned below.
- Executive Summary: Like an abstract in any academic paper, an executive summary is a standalone section of the report that summarises the whole of the report so that the readers know what to expect. These are mostly used in official reports.
- Introduction: The introduction of the report plays a crucial role as it includes the main idea of the report. The main argument is discussed in the introduction before you put your points and the evidence is collected.
- Body: The body comes after the introduction of the report. It includes all the information regarding the event or the topic. All the facts and evidence collected can be displayed in the body of the report. The body covers the major part of a report.
- Conclusion: It is the part of a report where all the information is gathered together, and your personal opinion or judgement is explained in this paragraph.
How to Write a Report?
A report can be written easily if you have adequate information and you know how to categorise your points. You can follow to the tips provided below to write a report.
- Finding a suitable topic
- Conducting a research
- Gathering all the information
- Writing a thesis statement
- Preparing an outline
- Writing the final report
- Reviewing and revising
- Editing and proofreading
Let us look at each of these in detail.
Finding a Suitable Topic
Before you can start writing your report, it is crucial to find the topic you wish to write on. In most cases, the topic is already given, and if not, you can find a suitable topic for the same. To find the topic, you must keep in mind that you must be interested in the topic and must be able to collect the required information.
Conducting a Research
Whatever the kind of report, academic, business, news, etc., healthy research must be conducted. Research is essential to find adequate information regarding the topic. Since a report includes all the factual data, extensive research is essential. It is essential to find the right evidence to prove your topic.
Gathering all the Information
After you are done with your research, you can jot down all the points at a place and note down all the facts collected. After collecting the information, you can decide on the subheadings and divide them as per their categories.
Writing a Thesis Statement
A thesis statement is written to conceptualise the main theme of the report. Just like the first sentence or the topic of the report, the thesis statement summarises the main points in brief.
Preparing the Outline
Preparing an outline of a report is essential for all the kids who are writing a report because you can categorise your important points and it becomes easy for you to decide on the headings and subheadings. It is essential to prepare the outline so that you do not miss out on the important points.
Writing the Final Report
After you have prepared the rough draft, you can start writing the final report. The final report must be written in simple language and in short sentences. The sentences must be short but convey the message clearly.
Reviewing and Revising
After the final report is written, it is crucial to revise and recheck if all the information has been added and you are not missing out on important information. Make sure to check if all the information has been added under the right heading and subheading.
Editing and Proofreading
After the final revision of the report, you must check the report for any grammar, spelling, and typographical errors. It is common that while writing, you might have overlooked a lot of mistakes. Therefore, final proofreading is essential.
Frequently Asked Questions on Report Writing
What is a report?
A report can be a discourse containing any information which people are not aware of. A report can be either written or verbal.
What is the purpose of a report?
The purpose of writing reports is to spread information regarding an event, topic, or idea in brief. For example, a news report is written to spread the news among the people.
What is the format of a report?
- Executive Summary
How to write a report?
- Find a suitable topic
- Conduct a research
- Gather all the information
- Write a thesis statement
- Prepare an outline
- Write the final report
- Review and revise
- Edit and proofread