Speech on Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the chief law of our nation. Did you know that the original manuscript of the Constitution was written on parchment sheets measuring 16 x 22 inches with a total weight of 3.75 kgs? Do you want to know more about such notable characteristics of the Constitution of India? Read the following article and try to prepare an Indian Constitution speech on your own.

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Sample Speeches on the Constitution of India

A couple of sample speeches on the Constitution of India are given below. Go through them and utilise the resource to improve your insight.

Short Speech on Constitution of India in English

A constitution is the supreme law of a nation. It defines the fundamental rights and duties of citizens. It describes the political principles and establishes the procedure of government institutions. The Constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950, and there were two hand-written copies, one in Hindi and the other in English. The Constitution of India is the longest written Constitution, with 1,45,000 words in it. The original copy of the Indian Constitution contains 251 pages in it and is the most detailed one in the world. The completion of the Constitution of India was a lengthy procedure; it took nearly three years for its complete framing.

The members of the drafting committee of the Constitution conducted multiple debates and discussions to finalise each article in it. During the period of enactment, the Constitution of India contained 395 articles, 22 parts, and eight schedules in it. But today, after multiple alterations, it contains 470 articles, 25 parts, and 12 schedules.

Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26th in India. It is also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas’ and is celebrated every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India on the same date in 1949. November 26 is also considered ‘National Law Day’ by the citizens of India.

Short Speech on Constitution of India

Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar is the chief architect and the ‘Father of the Indian Constitution. He was one of the members of the Constituent Assembly and the Chairman of the drafting committee. The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India on November 26, 1949; it replaced the Government of India Act 1935 after independence and declared it the country’s fundamental governing document. The Union of India officially became the contemporary Republic of India in correspondence with it. The Constitution of India declares our nation as a democratic republic and assures equality, liberty, and fraternity. The adoption of the Indian Constitution has played a very important role in establishing India as a sovereign, secular, and socialist nation.

Other than Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar, some of the main members of the Constituent Assembly were Dr S. Rajendra Prasad, H. C. Mukherjee, Munshi N Gopalaswami Ayyangar, Khaitan, Mitter, Muhammed Sadullah, and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer. The Constituent Assembly was formed on December 6, 1946, and the first meeting was held on December 9, 1946. The committee conducted an analysis of the constitutions of over 60 countries before finalising the final draft of the Indian Constitution.

The Constitution of India is crafted on the basis of the knowledge obtained from the continuous fight for independence. It is enlisted with the fundamental civil duties and rights to direct every citizen of India.

Speech on the Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India

There are six basic fundamental rights in the Constitution of India. They are the Right to Equality (article 14 to article 18), Right to Freedom (article 19 to article 22), Right against Exploitation ( article 23 and article 24), Right to Freedom of Religion (article 25 to article 28), Cultural and Educational Rights (article 29 and article 30), and Right to Constitutional Remedies (article 32). For the smooth functioning of a democratic nation, all these fundamental rights are very important. As a citizen of India, it is of foremost importance to have a basic knowledge of the Constitution and the fundamental rights.

The Right to Equality ensures the equality of everyone before the law, prohibition of discrimination on the basis of religion, sex, caste, race, or place of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of public employment, abolition of untouchability, and the abolition of titles.

The Right to Freedom is one of the irreplaceable fundamental rights endorsed by the Constitution of India. It includes articles 19, 20, 21A and 22 of the Indian Constitution in it and guarantees freedom for citizens to live a life with dignity and self-respect.

According to article 19 of the Constitution of India, every citizen of India has the right – to freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably and without arms, to form associations or unions, to move freely throughout the territory of India, to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India, to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business. Articles 20 to 22 ensure protection in respect of conviction for offences, protection of life and personal liberty, and protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right against Exploitation assures the prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour and the protection of employment of children in factories and mines.

The Right to Freedom of Religion guarantees the freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom to pay taxes for the promotion of any particular religion, and freedom from attending religious instruction.

The Cultural and Educational Rights are for the protection of the interests of minorities and the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

And finally, all the remedies for enforcement of fundamental rights are mentioned in the Rights to Constitutional Remedies.

These speeches on the Constitution of India will prove to be beneficial speech topics for kids who want help in composing a speech.

Frequently Asked Questions on Constitution of India

What is a Constitution, and when did the Constitution of India come into effect?

A Constitution is the supreme law of a nation. It defines the fundamental rights and duties of citizens. It describes the political principles and establishes the procedure of government institutions. The Constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950, and there were two hand-written copies, one in Hindi and the other in English.

When is Constitution Day celebrated in India?

Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26 in India. It is also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas’ and is celebrated every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India on the same date in 1949. November 26 is also considered ‘National Law Day’ by the citizens of India.

What are the fundamental rights in the Constitution of India?

Fundamental rights are very important for the smooth functioning of a democratic nation. There are six basic fundamental rights in the Constitution of India. They are the Right to Equality (article 14 to article 18), Right to Freedom (article 19 to article 22), Right against Exploitation ( article 23 and article 24), Right to Freedom of Religion (article 25 to article 28), Cultural and Educational Rights (article 29 and article 30), and Right to Constitutional Remedies (article 32).

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