Nelson Mandela said – “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. Have you ever wondered about a life without education? Most of us would not have had even a chance to think so, as most countries have made education compulsory and/or free for children up to a certain age. India is one such country, and this article focuses on the education system in India. Go through the information and sample speeches given and try preparing a speech on education system in India.
Table of Contents
- Education System in India
- Abbreviations Related to the Education System in India
- Sample Speeches on Education System in India
- Frequently Asked Questions on Education System in India
Education System in India
As we all know, India has 28 states and 8 Union Territories. Each state of the nation has its own elected government, and the Union Territories are ruled directly by the Government of India. As per the Constitution of India, the state had the complete authority to decide and implement educational policies, and the role played by the Government of India was very limited. Later, with the passing of an amendment in 1976, educational policies were suggested at the national level by the Government of India. In India, the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) plays a very important role in the regulation of educational policies and programmes.
The National Curriculum Framework is prepared by the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT), and each state of the nation has its own counterpart called the State Council for Educational Research and Training. Even though the state has considerable freedom in implementing the education system, generally, SCERT follows the guidelines established by the NCERT.
The school system in India has four levels – Lower Primary, Upper Primary, High School, and Higher Secondary. The Lower Primary level s divided into five standards (Classes Ⅰ to Ⅴ). The Upper Primary level is divided into two standards (Class Ⅵ and Class Ⅶ), High School into three (Classes Ⅷ to Ⅹ), and Higher Secondary into two standards (Class ⅩⅠ and Class ⅩⅡ).
Abbreviations Related to the Education System in India
|B.Ed.||Bachelor of Education|
|CABE||Central Advisory Board of Education|
|CBSE||Central Board of Secondary Education|
|CIET||Central Institute of Educational Technology|
|DEO||District Education Officer|
|HECI||Higher Education Commission of India|
|HEGC||Higher Education Grants Council|
|IGNOU||Indira Gandhi National Open University|
|IIM||Indian Institute of Management|
|IIT||Indian Institute of Technology|
|ITI||Industrial Training Institute|
|M.Ed.||Master of Education|
|MBBS||Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery|
|MoE||Ministry of Education|
|M.Phil||Master of Philosophy|
|NAAC||National Assessment and Accreditation Council|
|NAS||National Achievement Survey|
|NCERT||National Council of Educational Research and Training|
|NCF||National Curriculum Framework|
|NCFSE||National Curriculum Framework for School Education|
|NCFTE||National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education|
|NCIVE||National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education|
|NCPFECCE||National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education|
|NCTE||National Council for Teacher Education|
|NHERC||National Higher Education Regulatory Council|
|NIOS||National Institute of Open Schooling|
|NIT||National Institute of Technology|
|NITI||National Institution for Transforming India|
|NPE||National Policy on Education|
|NRF||National Research Foundation|
|PhD||Doctor of Philosophy|
|SCERT||State Council of Educational Research and Training|
|SCF||State Curricular Framework|
|SSA||Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan|
|TEI||Teacher Education Institution|
|TET||Teacher Eligibility Test|
Sample Speeches on Education System in India
A few samples of speeches on the education system in India are given below. Go through them for a better understanding of the topic.
Ancient Education System in India – The Gurukul System
Do you know anything about the origin of education system in India? Have you heard the term ‘Gurukul system’ before?
The Gurukul system of education was the type of education followed by Indians in ancient times. It is an educational system in which students who want to learn go to a guru’s (teacher) house and request him for acceptance. If accepted as a student, then they can stay with the guru. They will have to help the guru in all activities. Students can be with the guru as long as they want to learn or until the guru feels that he has taught them all the lessons. This type of education not only assisted in creating a strong bond between the students and the teacher, but also helped students learn everything about running a house.
The Gurukul system of education not only focused on developing the theoretical knowledge of the student, but also taught them the practical skills the students needed to learn. Almost everything that a child wanted to learn – Sanskrit, Mathematics, Metaphysics, and many such principal subjects were taught, and all of it were highly linked to nature and life.
Macaulay and the Education System in India
Do you know who Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay was? Have you heard about the ‘Minute on Indian Education’ presented by him?
Thomas Babington Macaulay was a British historian and politician. It was he who presented the ‘Minute on Indian Education’. The ultimate objective of Macaulay’s Minute was the promotion of the English language in India. In 1835, he suggested teaching English instead of Arabic, Sanskrit and Persian in all colonial schools in India. It is Lord Macaulay who is known to have introduced the British education system in India. The curriculum of the British education system focused on modern subjects. It emphasised subjects like mathematics and science and replaced subjects like metaphysics and philosophy from the syllabus. After the introduction of the British education system, teachings got confined to classrooms majorly, thereby reducing the chances for students to connect with nature.
Frequently Asked Questions on Education System in India
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. Who said these famous words?
Who was Thomas Babington Macaulay?
Thomas Babington Macaulay was a British historian and politician. It was he who presented the ‘Minute on Indian Education.’
What is the Gurukul system of education?
The Gurukul system of education was the type of education followed by Indians in ancient times.