Before getting into the article, let’s have a look at the famous quote on education by Nelson Mandela – “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. Have you ever wondered about a life where we lack education? Go through the following article on the education system in India and develop an idea about the topic on your own.
Table of Contents
- Education System in India
- Abbreviations Related to the Education System in India
- Sample Speeches on Education System in India
- Frequently Asked Questions on Education System in India
Education System in India
As we all know, India has 28 states and 8 Union Territories. Each state of the nation has its own elected government, and the Union Territories are ruled directly by the Government of India. As per the constitution of India, the state had the complete authority to decide and implement educational policies, and the role played by the Government of India was very limited. But later, with the passing of an amendment in 1976, the educational policies started to be suggested at the national level by the Government of India. In India, the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) plays a very important role in the regulation of educational policies and programmes.
The National Curriculum Framework is prepared by the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT), and each state of the nation has its own counterpart for it called the State Council for Educational Research and Training. Even though the state has considerable freedom in implementing the education system, generally, SCERT follows the guidelines established by the NCERT.
The school system in India has four levels. The Lower Primary, The Upper Primary, The High Schools, and The Higher Secondary. The lower Primary level s divided into five standards (Classes Ⅰ to Ⅴ). The Upper primary level is divided into two standards (Class Ⅵ and Class Ⅶ), high schools into three (Classes Ⅷ to Ⅹ), and the higher secondary into two standards (Class ⅩⅠ and Class ⅩⅡ).
Abbreviations Related to the Education System in India
- B.Ed. Bachelor of Education
- CABE Central Advisory Board of Education
- CBSE Central Board of Secondary Education
- CIET Central Institute of Educational Technology
- DEO District Education Officer
- HECI Higher Education Commission of India
- HEGC Higher Education Grants Council
- IGNOU Indira Gandhi National Open University
- IIM Indian Institute of Management
- IIT Indian Institute of Technology
- ITI Industrial Training Institute
- M.Ed. Master of Education
- MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
- MoE Ministry of Education
- M.Phil Master of Philosophy
- NAC National Accreditation Council
- NAS National Achievement Survey
- NCERT National Council of Educational Research and Training
- NCF National Curriculum Framework
- NCFSE National Curriculum Framework for School Education
- NCFTE National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education
- NCIVE National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education
- NCPFECCE National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care
- NCTE National Council for Teacher Education
- NHERC National Higher Education Regulatory Council
- NIOS National Institute of Open Schooling
- NIT National Institute of Technology
- NITI National Institution for Transforming India
- NPE National Policy on Education
- NRF National Research Foundation
- PhD Doctor of Philosophy
- SCERT State Council of Educational Research and Training
- SCF State Curricular Framework
- SSA Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
- TEI Teacher Education Institution
- TET Teacher Eligibility Test
Sample Speeches on Education System in India
A few samples of speeches on the education system in India are given below. Please go through them for your better understanding of the topic.
Ancient Education System in India – The Gurukul System
Do you know anything about the origin of the education system in India? Have you heard the term ‘Gurukul System’ before? Let’s have a look at what it is.
The Gurukul system of education was the type of education followed by Indians in ancient times. It is an educational system in which students who want to learn go to a guru’s (teacher) house and request him for acceptance. If accepted as a student, then they can stay with the guru. But they have to help the guru in all activities. Students can be with the guru as long as they want to learn or until the guru feels that he has taught all the lessons. This type of education not only assisted in creating a strong bond between the students and teacher, but also helped the students to learn everything about running a house.
The gurukul system of education not only focused on developing the theoretical knowledge of the student, but also took care of the practical skills the students needed to learn. Almost everything that a child wanted to learn – Sanskrit, Mathematics, Metaphysics, and many such principal subjects were taught by the gurus. And all the learnings were highly linked to nature and life.
Macaulay and the Education System in India
Do you know who Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay was? Have you heard about the ‘minute on Indian Education’ presented by him?
Thomas Babington Macaulay was a British historian and politician. It was he who presented the ‘Minute on Indian Education’. The ultimate objective of Macaulay’s Minute was the promotion of the English language in India. In 1835, he suggested teaching English instead of Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian in all colonial schools in India. It is Lord Macaulay who is known to have introduced the British education system in India. The curriculum of the British education system focused on modern subjects. It emphasised subjects like mathematics and science and replaced subjects like metaphysics and philosophy from the syllabus by considering them unnecessary. After the introduction of the British education system, teachings got confined to classrooms, and the connection with nature was lost for the students forever.
Frequently Asked Questions on Education System in India
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. Who said these famous words?
Who was Thomas Babington Macaulay?
Thomas Babington Macaulay was a British historian and politician. It was he who presented the ‘Minute on Indian Education.’
What is the Gurukul system of education?
The Gurukul system of education was the type of education followed by Indians in ancient times.