CGPA Full Form

What is the full form of CGPA?

The full form of CGPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average. For schools and colleges, CGPA is used to measure the overall academic achievement of a student by awarding A, B, C, D or F grades. CGPA is a calculation of the average grade point obtained in all subjects except in additional subjects as per the study scheme. In India, the system of grading is dependent on percentages and it differs from country to country, depending on their ideals and institutional approaches.

Method of calculating CGPA from Percentage

Steps for measuring the percentage of marks as given below

  • Topic-wise percentage of marks = 9.5 ✕ Subject GP
  • Overall, Mark Percentage = 9.5. ✕ Overall CGPA.

Example: Let us consider a student has 7.9 CGPA in total, it means the overall percentage of the student can be calculated as follows.

Overall Mark Percentage = 9.5. ✕ 7.9

Overall Mark Percentage = 75.05 %.

Indian CGPA system is given in the table below.

Percentage CGPA Category
90 % – 100% A+ or O Excellent
79 % – 80 % A First class
50 % – 69 % B+ Second class
40 % – 49 % B Pass
Less than 39 % F Fail

Benefits of CGPA

  • The educational grading standard reduced students’ scoring stress, allowing them to study without any pressure.
  • The educational grading system is based on a developed marking structure.
  • The educational grading standard helps the students identify their deficiencies and abilities.
  • The education grading system makes studies more comfortable and quicker in many respects.

Limitations of CGPA

  • Students are likely to achieve less because of the educational grading standard.
  • The CGPA demotivates students who achieve higher compared to those who perform less. Since both come in equal percentage categorization.


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