JPG or JPEG Full Form - Joint Photographic Expert Group

What is the full form of JPG or JPEG?

The full form of JPG or JPEG is Joint Photographic Expert Group. JPG is an accessible photographic image format, produced and generated through digital photography. Joint Photographic Expert Group is a joint committee of the ISO (International Standardization Organization) and IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).

It’s the standard method for processing graphic images. It is most commonly used for its filename with the.jpg or.jpeg extension. It is utilized to condense the digital image. It is a method of loss compression because some information is lost during compression. With the loss of some data, it can reduce up to 5 per cent of the actual size.

Important characteristics of JPG

  • Joint Photographic Experts Group created PEG.
  • It can be modified into many various formats.
  • The most frequently used JPEG format extensions are, jpe, jpeg, jpg, jfif, jif.
  • JPEG condenses an image into a byte stream and can decompress it back into an image. JPG specifications define the codec for how the image is compressed into byte streams and decompressed again into a picture.
  • The format of the data is not dependent on the ratio of aspect, resolution, content of the image.
  • There are 29 separate coding processes in the JPEG System.
  • The format of the JPEG file is described in ISO 10918.

Benefits of JPEG

  • PEG file format is in good use for a more extended period, and it can be transferred significantly.
  • JPEG file format can be reconciled with almost any program that manages images.
  • JPEG file format can be reconciled to almost all hardware tools, e.g. printers etc. So printing the digital pictures in JPEG format is very quick, transparent and simple.
  • JPEG file format is suitable for the broad range of clear sighted picture colours, with many colour & contrast combos.

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