What is the full form of JPG or JPEG?
The full form of JPG or JPEG is Joint Photographic Expert Group. JPG is an accessible photographic image format, produced and generated through digital photography. The joint committee (JTC 1) of the ISO (International Standardization Organization) and IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is responsible for the JPEG image formats.
It’s the standard method for processing graphic images. It is most commonly used for its filename with the .jpg or .jpeg extension. It is utilised to compress a digital image. It is a method of lossy compression because some information is lost during compression.
Important characteristics of JPG
- It can be modified into many various formats.
- The most frequently used JPEG format extensions are, jpeg, and jpg, but .jpe, .jfif and .jif extensions are also used.
- JPEG compresses an image into a byte stream and can decompress it back into an image. JPG specifications define the codec for how the image is compressed into byte streams and decompressed again into a picture.
Benefits of JPEG
- JPEG file format is in good use for an extended period and can be easily transferred.
- JPEG file format can be reconciled with almost any program that manages images.
- JPEG file format can be reconciled to almost all hardware tools, e.g. printers etc. So printing digital pictures in JPEG format is quick, and simple.
- JPEG file format is suitable for a broad range of clear-sighted picture colours, with many colour and contrast combos.