What is the full form of OCD?
The full form of OCD is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. It is an illness where individual experiences recurring negative emotions or obsessions and feel compelled to carry out uncontrollable, repetitive activities or compulsions. The person may realise that obsessions and compulsive behaviours are irrational, but they do not feel able to withstand them. The mind gets trapped on a specific thought or urge in OCD.
There is no complete explanation of the causes of OCD. It is, nevertheless, assumed to arise from a mixture of genetic & environmental parameters. Biological influences and environmental or acquired habits can involve other parameters.
Symptoms of OCD
One can divide the symptoms into two parts: obsessions & compulsions and most OCD individuals show both obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Symptoms of obsessions
Obsessions that are upsetting and therefore trigger anxiety and depression are repeated, unwanted thoughts or desires. Some typical symptoms of obsession that are primarily obsessive feelings are
- Fear of being infected by touching items that others are touching
- Doubts that you have not locked the door and switch the stove off, and so on.
- Photos of yourself being harmed or anyone you love
- Fear of missing stuff or not having things you might need
- Centred highly on moral or religious concepts
Symptoms of compulsions
Symptoms of compulsion primarily involve compulsive behaviours that are repeated things that individuals perform to relieve the discomfort induced by obsession.
- Clean hands until the skin is raw
- Repeated monitoring of the door to ensure it is closed
- Repeated inspection of the stove or some other device to ensure that it is switched off
- Repeatedly inspect loved ones to ensure that they are safe
- In a specific way, trapping or counting items
- Arranging objects in a particular order, such as books, bedsheets and so on.