What is the Full form of SBI?
The full form of SBI is State Bank of India. SBI is a public sector financial institution and a multinational corporation. The bank holds 23 per cent of the market share in the banking sector in terms of asset base, and 25 per cent in deposit and loan divisions, enabling it to be India’s largest statutory banking and finance organization.
Indian government holds SBI and that’s SBI’s biggest shareholder with approximately 62 per cent holding or equity funds in SBI. It has over 24000 branch offices in India and about 200 offices in over 30 countries worldwide. Since about 31 March 2017, its assets were estimated at over USD 500 billion. The Indian banking sector had more than 20 per cent share of the market.
History of SBI
- The bank was established in the year 1806 as Calcutta ‘s bank to provide the Indians with essential banking services.
- In 1809, after the granting of the royal charter, the bank was designated as Bank of Bengal.
- The Bank of Bombay was established in 1840, and the Bank of Madras was established in 1843.
- Such three banks combined were recognized as presidency banks.
- Private subscribers & provincial governments operated a single Presidential bank.
- Such banks were given preferential rights to issue currency through the nation that was then controlled over by India’s government in the 1861 period.
- The three banks came together in 1921, eventually combined. It was later named as the Imperial bank of India.
- When time passed and as the banking industry progressed, India’s Imperial Bank turned itself into the country’s largest corporate company
- The Indian government and the Indian reserve bank assumed joint control of the Imperial Bank of India for 1955.
- With the regulations of the Subsidiary Bank Act, those enterprises subsequently became bank subsidiaries which were governed by the princely states.
- In 2007-08, India’s government bought the entire shares of India’s State Bank from RBI to reduce conflicts of interest.
- The RBI which was later merged with the job of a central bank, picked over the function of supervising and controlling banking.
Operations of SBI
- It delivers a wide array of banking products and services.
- It allows deposits from the public and depositors from institutions.
- It provides loans to companies SBI thinks are worthy of funding loans.
- It sells and buys gold, besides.
- It is taking on the role of representative for India ‘s cooperative bank and RBI.
- It attracts and sells foreign exchange payments.
- It takes on the part of state property administrator & board member.
- It is not allowed to buy the immovable property but may only buy buildings for official commercial purposes.
- It has no power to have the bills rediscounted. Two good signatures will make up the bills.
Services provided by the SBI
SBI offers diverse services in various sections
- Agricultural/ Rural banking
- Corporate Banking
- Personal Banking
- NRI Services
- International Banking
- Corporate Banking & other services.