What Is The Full Form Of FTTP?
The full form of FTTP is Fibre To The Premises.
FTTP is also known as fibre to the X. It is a medium of fibre optic communication delivery in which an optic fibre runs directly to a user or group of users. This new technology provides internet services directly to the receiver from an Internet Service Provider (ISP). And it runs at a much faster speed than any dial-up connection or coaxial cable Internet.
FTTP is conducted through an optical distribution network using fibre-optic cables and associated electronics. An optical signal gets distributed over an optical distribution network (ODN) through a central office. The optical network terminals (ONTs) present at the end of this network receive and convert these optical signals into electrical signals.
History of Fibre To The Premises
- The first fibre optic was released back in 1970. Prior to it, ISPs only used copper wire communications.
- It was only in 1975 when the first commercial optic fibre communication system developed.
- The second-gen optic fibre connection developed in 1980, and there have been various add-ons in speed and wavelength to the versions that came further along.
Characteristics of FTTP
- The fibres used in FTTP extend all the way to their users. The equipment used is, thus, optimized for residential applications.
- The fibre increases the speed of Internet transmission and improves the quality of broadband services.
- The optic cables used for transmission carry more data as compared to copper cables.
- FTTP works well for long distances, with fibres delivering signals to the last mile.
Types of FTTP
Depending on where the optic fibre ends, FTTP divides into Fibre to the Home (FTTH) and Fibre to the Building (FTTB). Apart from these, based on the distribution network, FTTP has two broad categories:
- Direct fibre – Each fibre extending from the central office reaches individual customers, thus providing excellent bandwidth. But this network is majorly used in smaller service areas because of the cost of the central office machinery and the fibre used.
- Shared fibre – The fibre leaving the central office splits into customer-specific fibres when it gets close to the receivers’ ends. The split occurs by virtue of AON or PON.
Based on the network of the split, the shared FTTP services categorize into:
- Active Optical Network (AON) – It uses electrically powered equipment like a router, multiplexer, switch, etc., to distribute the signal.
- Passive Optical Network (PON) – Non-powered optical splitters receive signals from a higher bandwidth. It ensures lesser cost, zero upgrades and longer reach.
Benefits of FTTP
- It is less susceptible to harsh weather, thus easier to maintain.
- FTTP offers higher bandwidth to homeowners.
- The internet speed is notably fast.
- FTTP stays resistant to heating and electromagnetic radiation.
- ISPs can monitor FTTP’s performance and repair any problem before it reaches the customer.
- Customers can customize their permanent/temporary services remotely.
- It offers various services at very affordable prices.
- More reliable and secure than other Internet services.
Limitations of FTTP
- It is not easy to install.
- The services are not cost-effective.
- The implementation is lengthier than usual.
- FTTP Internet connection may fluctuate during operating hours.
- AON cannot work in the absence of electricity.