IPP Full Form

What Is The Full Form Of IPP?

The full form of IPP is Internet Printing Protocol.

IPP is a specialization of Internet Protocol that connects client devices, like mobile phones, computers, tablets, etc., to print servers/printers. It provides a universal solution to the users who print documents from the Internet. All modern network printers support IPP, and it succeeds all the legacy network protocols. Clients can submit one or more than one print jobs to the print server/printer to perform certain tasks like querying the printer status, obtaining status regarding the print jobs, and even canceling them.

IPP, like all IP-based protocols, is capable of running locally or across the Internet. But unlike other printing protocols, it also supports authentication, encryption, and access control. It makes IPP a much more secure and capable printing mechanism than its predecessors. It also forms the basis of numerous printer logo certification programs, like IPP Everywhere, AirPrint, and Mopria Alliance. Over 98% of printers in the market today support it.

History of IPP

  • An American software and services company, Novell, began a proposal for creating the IPP project in 1996.
  • After constant improvements and contributions from various organizations, the BOF session showed sufficient interest in December 1996 in developing a protocol for printing. It initiated the formulation of the IETF IPP (Internet Printing Protocol) working group, which ultimately came into form in 2005.
  • IPP/1.0 came into form in 1999.
  • The IPP/1.1 followed it as a draft standard in 2000. The market finally adopted it as Internet STD 92 (Standard 92) in June 2018.
  • IPP 2.0 was published in 2009 as a PWG Candidate Standard.

Characteristics of IPP

  • Object Relationships – IPP maintains relationships among its objects persistently and also stores the object attributes.
  • IPP provides a model including printers and jobs, the standard attributes required for these printers and jobs, as well as a set of standard operations, like:
    1. Recommended – The objects SHOULD support the concerned attribute.
    2. Required – The objects MUST support the concerned attribute.
    3. Optional – The objects MAY support the concerned attribute.
  • Easy to Communicate – IPP is an avant-garde industry-standard printing protocol, and it works well for server-to-printer and client-to-server communications.
  • Capabilities – The attributes of a printer describe its capabilities and state:
    1. Attributes for printer-distribution
    2. Attributes for job-template

Advantages of IPP

  • IPP allows a user to find out the status of a print job or printer.
  • It also helps find printer capabilities.
  • It submits the print jobs to the printer.
  • The client can also cancel the previously submitted jobs.
  • This protocol supports several schemes of authentication depending upon the server platforms and client requirements.
  • It uses the Web infrastructure for extending the network printing concept into the Internet.
  • Using IPP, the system administrators and operators can control the IPP system users and their associated printer devices.

Disadvantages of IPP

  • It has certain security issues.
  • Users require additional configuration for implementing IPP.
  • Amorphous Identification and Sequence Manipulation.

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