Geometric Distribution Formula

The geometric distribution is either of two discrete probability distributions:

  • The probability distribution of the number X of Bernoulli trials needed to get one success, supported on the set { 1, 2, 3, …}
  • The probability distribution of the number Y = X − 1 of failures before the first success, supported on the set { 0, 1, 2, 3, … }

\(\begin{array}{l}\large P(X=x)=p(1-p)^{x-1};x=1,2,3,….\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large P(x)=o; other\;wise\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large P(X=x)=p(1-p)^{x};x=0,1,2,3,….\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large P(x)=o; other\;wise\end{array} \)

Where,

\(\begin{array}{l}p\end{array} \)
is the probability of occurrence
Mean and variance can be found using the value of p.
Mean =
\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{1}{p}\end{array} \)

Variance =
\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{1-p}{p^{2}}\end{array} \)

Solved Example

Question: Calculate the probability density of geometric distribution if the value of p is 0.42; x = 1,2,3,…….., also find out the mean and variance.

Solution:

Given that, p = 0.42 and the value of x is 1,2,3,……………

Formula for the probability density of geometric distribution function,

P(x) = p

\(\begin{array}{l}(1-p)^{x-1}\end{array} \)
; x = 1,2,3,…
P(x) = 0; other wise

P(x) = 0.42

\(\begin{array}{l}(1-0.42)^{x-1}\end{array} \)

P(x) = 0 other wise

Mean =

\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{1}{p}\end{array} \)
=
\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{1}{0.42}\end{array} \)
= 2.380

Variance =

\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{1-p}{p^{2}}\end{array} \)

Variance =

\(\begin{array}{l}\frac{1-0.42}{0.42^{2}}\end{array} \)

Variance = 3.288

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