What are the different types of electoral systems?

There are three main types of electoral systems that are widely used across the globe:

  • Plurality electoral systems: It awards the seat to the candidate who receives the most votes. It is also known as first-past-the-post system.
  • Majority electoral systems: In this system, a candidate has to win a majority (more than 50% of the votes). A majority system requires a majority or 50%+1 votes, to win. 
  • Proportional representation: The percentage of total votes that a political party receives is translated into the number of seats that party will have.

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