ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper Solution 2019

Students search for the ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper 2019 along with the solution to prepare for their board exams. So, here we have provided the ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper 2019 along with the Solutions. Students must go through it to know the types of questions asked in the exam.

The ICSE Class 10 Biology 2019 exam was conducted on 25th March 2019. The exam started at 11am and students were allotted 2 hours of time duration to finish the paper. Students can download the ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper Solution 2019 PDF from the link below.

Download ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper 2019

Download ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper Solution 2019 PDF

Students can have a look at the ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Paper Solution 2019 below:


 

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ICSE Class 10 Biology (Paper 3) Question Paper 2019 With Solution

Question 1:

(a) Name the following:

(i) The layer of the eyeball that provides nourishment to the eye.

(ii) One gaseous compound which depletes the ozone layer.

(iii) The structure which connects the placenta and the foetus.

(iv) A pair of corresponding chromosomes of the same shape and size and derived one

from each parent.

(v) The compound formed when haemoglobin combines with carbon dioxide in blood.

(b) Correct and rewrite the statements by changing the biological term that is underlined for each statement:

(i) The theory of Inheritance of Acquired Characters was proposed by Watson and

Crick.

(ii) The protective sac which develops around the developing embryo is called the

Pericardium.

(iii) Maintaining balance of the body and coordinating muscular activities is carried out

by the cerebrum.

(iv) The kidney is composed of number of neurons.

(v) The part of the eye which can be donated from a clinically dead person is the Retina.

(c) Give suitable biological reasons for the following statements:

(i) The birth rate in India is very high.

(ii) Carbon monoxide is dangerous when inhaled.

(iii) Root hairs become flaccid and droop when excess fertilizers are added to the moist

soil around them.

(iv) Acid rain is harmful to the environment.

(v) All life on Earth is supported by Photosynthesis.

(d) Match the items given in Column A with the most appropriate ones in Column B and

REWRITE the correct matching pairs:

Sr. No.

Column A

Column B

(i)

Cranial nerves

Testosterone

(ii)

Leydig cells

Natural reflex

(iii)

Acetylcholine

12 pairs

(iv)

Spinal nerves

Prolactin

(v)

Sneezing

Neurotransmitter

18 pairs

31 pairs

Conditioned reflex

(e) Choose the correct answer from the four options given below:

(i) While recording the pulse rate, where exactly does a doctor press on our wrist?

A. Nerve

B. Vein

C. Artery

D. Capillary

(ii) In a human male, a sperm will contain:

A. Both X and Y chromosomes

B. Only Y chromosome

C. Only X chromosome

D. Either X or Y chromosome

(iii) A muscular wall is absent in:

A. Capillary

B. Venule

C. Arteriole

D. Vein

(iv) On which day of the menstrual cycle does ovulation take place?

A. 5th day

B. 28th day

C. 14th day

D. 1st day

(v) Which one of the following does not affect the rate of transpiration?

A. Light

B. Humidity

C. Wind

D. Age of the plant

(f) Identify the ODD term in each set and name the CATEGORY to which the remaining

three belong:

Example: glucose, starch, cellulose, calcium

Odd term: calcium

Category: others are different types of carbohydrates.

(i) Addison’s disease, Cushing’s Syndrome, Acromegaly, Leukemia.

(ii) Insulin, Adrenaline, Pepsin, Thyroxine.

(iii) Axon, Dendron, Photon, Cyton.

(iv) Chicken pox, Colour blindness, Haemophilia, Albinism.

(v) Polythene bag, Crop residue, Animal waste, Decaying vegetable.

[5]

(g) Expand the following biological abbreviations:

(i) ABA

(ii) IAA

(iii) ATP

(iv) DNA

(v) TSH

(h) Study the picture given below and answer the following questions:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-1

(i) Identify the type of pollution.

(ii) Name one pollutant that causes the above pollution.

(iii) Mention the impact of this pollution on human health.

(iv) State one measure to control this pollution.

(v) What is a ‘Pollutant’? Explain the term.

Answer:

(a) (i) Choroid

(ii) Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) or carbon tetrachloride

(iii) Umbilical cord

(iv) Homologous chromosomes

(v) Carbaminohaemoglobin/HbCO2

(b) (i) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

(ii) Amnion

(iii) Cerebellum

(iv) Nephrons/ Uriniferous tubules

(v) Cornea

(c) (i) Illiteracy, children are a gift of God, sign of prosperity, due to high infant mortality, more

helping hands for family income, do not accept family planning methods, desire for a

male child, lack of recreation.

(ii) Easily combines with haemoglobin to form carboxyhaemoglobin which cuts off supply

of oxygen to tissues.

(iii) Formation of hypertonic solution which results in plasmolysis / exosmosis.

(iv) Pollutes soil, damages vegetation, buildings, statues, monuments, kills fish and aquatic

animals.

(v) All organisms depend directly or indirectly on green plants for food, beginning of all

food chains, provides oxygen for respiration.

(Any alternate correct answer)

(d)

Sr. No.

Column A

Column B

(i)

Cranial nerves

12 pairs

(ii)

Leydig cells

Testosterone

(iii)

Acetylcholine

Neurotransmitter

(iv)

Spinal nerves

31 pairs

(v)

Sneezing

Natural reflex

(e) (i) C. Artery

(ii) D. Either X or Y chromosome

(iii) A. Capillary

(iv) C. 14th day

(v) D. Age of the plant

(f) (i) O – Leukemia

C – Hormonal / Endocrinal disorders

(ii) O – Pepsin

C – Hormones

(iii) O – Photon

C – Parts of neuron / nerve cell

(iv) O – Chicken pox

C – Genetic diseases

(v) O – Polythene bag

C – Biodegradable wastes

(g) (i) Abscisic acid

(ii) Indole 3-acetic acid

(iii) Adenosine triphosphate

(iv) Deoxyribo nucleic acid

(v) Thyroid stimulating hormone

(h) (i) Water pollution/ Marine pollution

(ii) Detergents, sewage, domestic waste, oil spills from tankers, industrial wastes, hot water

from thermal power plants, polythene covers, plastic bottles, dead bodies, insecticides,

etc.

(iii) Enters food chain to harm health, cause diseases like typhoid, dysentery, jaundice, skin

allergies, etc.

(iv) Treating industrial wastes and sewage before letting into water bodies, recycling plastic,

metal and glass material

(v) Any constituent that harms the environment / deteriorates the natural quality of air,

water, soil.

(Any alternate correct answer)

Question 2:

(a) Given below is an experimental setup to demonstrate a particular tropic movement in germinating seeds. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-2

(i) Label the parts 1 and 2.

(ii) Name the tropic movement shown by part 1.

(iii) Part 1 is affected by two stimuli. Name them.

Which one of the two is stronger?

(iv) What is Thigmotropism? Give one example.

(v) What is meant by ‘Positive’ and ‘Negative’ tropic movements in plants?

(b) Mention the exact location of the following:

(i) Testis

(ii) Incus

(iii) Thylakoids

(iv) Amniotic fluid

(v) Corpus callosum

Answer:

(a) (i)

  • Radicle
  • Plumule

(ii) Hydrotropism

(iii) Gravity, water / moisture

Water is stronger

(iv) Movement of plant in response to touch stimulus.

Pea, Vines, Cuscuta, cucumber

(v) Movement towards stimulus is positive.

Movement away from stimulus is negative.

(b) (i) Inside scrotal sac

(ii) Middle ear / between malleus and stapes

(iii) In chloroplast

(iv) Between amnion and foetus / surrounds the foetus

(v) Between the cerebral hemispheres.

Question 3:

(a) The diagram given below represents an experiment to prove the importance of a factor in photosynthesis. Answer the questions that follow:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-3

(i) Name the factor studied in this experiment.

(ii) What will you observe in the experimental leaf after the starch test?

(iii) Explain the process of Photosynthesis.

(iv) Give a balanced chemical equation to represent the process of photosynthesis.

(v) Draw a neat, labelled diagram of an experimental setup to show that oxygen is

released during photosynthesis.

(b) State the main functions of the following:

(i) Medulla Oblongata

(ii) Cytokinins

(iii) Tears

(iv) Coronary Artery

(v) Seminal Vesicles

Answer:

(a) (i) Sunlight

(ii)

– Part of leaf covered by black paper turns brown, absence of starch.

– Parts of leaf exposed to sunlight turns blue black, presence of starch.

(iii) Plant cells having chlorophyll, use water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose in the presence of sunlight.

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-4

(b) (i) Regulates activities of internal organs like breathing, heartbeat, peristalsis.

(ii) Stimulates cell division, plant growth, prevents ageing,expansion of cotyledons in

seeds,breaks seed dormancy, promotes synthesis of chloroplasts, delays senescence.

(iii) Lubricates surface of eye, washes away dust, kill germs, keeps surface of eye moist,

lysozyme kills bacteria.

(iv) Supplies oxygenated blood to the walls of the heart.

(v) Activates sperms, forms a medium for transportation of sperms.

Question 4:

(a) The diagram given below represents an organ system in the human body.

Study the same and answer the questions that follow:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-5

(i) Identify the system.

(ii) Label the parts marked 2 and 4. Mention the function of part 5.

(iii) Name the structural and functional units of the part marked 1.

(iv) What is the fluid that accumulates in part 3?

Which is the main nitrogenous waste present in it?

(v) Draw a neat, labelled diagram showing the longitudinal section of part 1.

(b) The diagram given below represents an endocrine gland in the human body. Study the diagram and answer the following questions:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-6

(i) Identify the endocrine gland. Where is it located?

(ii) Why is the above gland referred to as the ‘Master gland’?

(iii) Name the hormone which in deficiency causes Diabetes Insipidus.

How does this disorder differ from Diabetes Mellitus?

(iv) Explain the term ‘Hormone’.

What is the role of Tropic hormones in the human body?

(v) Which lobe of the above gland secretes:

1. Oxytocin

2. ACTH

3. Growth hormone

Answer:

(a) (i) Excretory system/Urinary system

(ii)

2 – Ureter

4 – Sphincter

5 – Expels urine

(iii) Nephrons

(iv) Urine, Urea

(v)

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-7

(b) (i) Pituitary gland

Hangs from hypothalamus

(ii) Controls the secretions of other endocrine glands/regulates the activities of other

endocrine glands.

(iii) Vasopressin / ADH

Diabetes mellitus is due to deficiency of insulin/ high level of sugar in blood, urine has

sugar.

Diabetes insipidus: Normal sugar in blood, urine free of sugar / urine loaded with water.

(iv) It is the secretion of an endocrine gland, which is transported by blood and acts on target

organs or cells.

Secreted by pituitary gland and stimulates other endocrine glands to secrete their

hormones.

(v) 1 – Posterior/ neurohypophysis

2 – Anterior / adenohypophysis

3 – Anterior /adenohypophysis

Question 5:

(a) Given below is an apparatus which was setup to investigate a physiological process in plants. The setup was placed in bright sunlight. Answer the questions that follow:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-8

(i) Name the process being studied. Define the process.

(ii) Why was the pot enclosed in a rubber sheet?

(iii) Mention two external factors which can accelerate the above process.

(iv) List two adaptations in plants to reduce the above process.

(v) Draw a neat, labelled diagram of a stomatal apparatus.

(b) Given below are two stages in the evolution of man.

Study them and answer the questions that follow:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-9

(i) Identify Australopithecus and Neanderthal man from the above pictures.

(ii) Mention two characteristic features each for the two stages.

(iii) Who proposed the theory of ‘Natural Selection’?

(iv) Name the organism used as an example to explain ‘Industrial Melanism’.

(v) Give two examples of Vestigial organs in humans.

Answer:

(a) (i) Transpiration

It is the loss of water as water vapour from the aerial parts of the plant.

(ii) To prevent evaporation of water from the pot/ soil.

(iii) Bright sunlight, high temperature, high velocity of wind, low humidity.

(iv) Thick cuticle, loss of leaves, narrow leaves, fewer stomata, sunken stomata, leaves

modified into spines, multiple layers of epidermal cells.

(v)

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-10

(b) (i) A – Neanderthal man

B – Australopithecus

(ii) A – absolute bipedalism, large head, broad, flat, sloping forehead, less hair on body,

large cranial capacity 1,500 cm3,

B – Protruding face, Chin absent, prominent eyebrow ridges, flat nose, projecting face,

cranial capacity (450- 600 cm3).

(Any other correct characteristic feature.)

(iii) Charles Darwin

(iv) Peppered moth / Biston betularia

(v) Pinna of ear, wisdom teeth, vermiform appendix, coccyx or tailbone, arrector pili, plica

semilunaris, body hair, male nipples.

Question 6:

(a) In Mendel’s experiments, tall pea plants (T) are dominant over dwarf pea plants (t).

(i) What is the phenotype and genotype of the F1 generation if a homozygous tall plant

is crossed with a homozygous dwarf plant?

(ii) Draw a Punnett square board to show the gametes and offspring when both the

parents are heterozygous for tallness.

(iii) What is the phenotypic ratio and genotypic ratio of the above cross in (ii)?

(iv) State Mendel’s Law of Dominance.

(v) What is a Dihybrid Cross?

(b) Given below is a diagram representing a stage during the mitotic cell division. Study the diagram and answer the following questions:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-11

(i) Identify the stage by giving a suitable reason.

(ii) Is it a plant or an animal cell? Give a reason to support your answer.

(iii) Draw a neat, labelled diagram of the stage which follows the one shown in the

diagram.

(iv) How many chromosomes will each daughter cell have after the completion of the above division?

(v) Name the four nitrogenous bases.

Answer:

(a)

(i) Phenotype – all are tall plants

Genotype – All are hybrid / heterozygous dominant

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-12

(iii) Phenotypic ratio – 3 : 1

Genotypic ratio – 1 : 2 : 1

(iv) Out of a pair of contrasting characters, the one that is expressed is dominant

and the one that is not expressed is recessive.

(v) It is breeding plants taking two pairs of contrasting characters.

(b) (i) Anaphase

Chromatids are being pulled towards the opposite poles.

(ii) Animal cell

Cell wall is absent, centrioles are present, asters are present.

(iii)

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-13

(iv) 4

(v) Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine.

Question 7:

(a) Answer the following questions briefly:

(i) How are the cytons and axons placed in the brain and the spinal cord?

(ii) Which part of the human ear gives ‘Dynamic balance’ and ‘Static balance’ to the body?

(iii) Explain how the human eye adapts itself to bright light and dim light.

(iv) What is Parthenocarpy? Give one example.

(v) Mention any two objectives of ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’.

(b) The diagram given below represents a system in the human body.

Study the diagram and answer the following questions:

ICSE Class 10 Biology Qs Paper 2019 Solution-14

(i) Identify the system.

(ii) Label the parts marked 5 and 6.

(iii) Name the two hormones secreted by 1.

(iv) Mention the number and the name of the part involved in fertilization and

implantation from the above diagram.

(v) Mention the surgical methods of contraception in:

1. Human males.

2. Human females.

Answer:

(a) (i) Brain – Outer, grey matter has cytons and inner white matter has axons.

Spinal Cord – Outer, white matter has axons and inner grey matter has cytons.

(ii) Dynamic – semi-circular canals/ducts/tubes

Static – utriculus, sacculus, utricle, saccule, vestibule

(iii) Bright light – Pupils constrict, Rhodopsin is bleached.

Dim light – Pupils dilate, Rhodopsin is regenerated.

(iv) Formation of fruit without fertilisation e.g. grapes, water melon, banana, papaya.

(v)

– To clean roads, streets and buildings in cities and towns.

– To eliminate open defecation

– To build and monitor the use of latrines

– To manage solid and liquid waste

(b) (i) Female reproductive system

(ii)

5 – Oviducal funnel

6 – Cervix

(iii) Oestrogen, Progesterone.

(iv)

Fertilisation – 2, Oviduct/Fallopian tube

Implantation – 3, Uterus

(v)

1 – Vasectomy

2 – Tubectomy

We hope this information on “ICSE Class 10 Biology Question Papers Solutions 2019” helped students in their exam preparation. To get the year wise ICSE Class 10 Previous Years Question papers along with solutions for other subjects, click here. Keep learning and download BYJU’S App to access interactive study videos.

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