Selina Solutions for Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 - Health Organizations

Want to excel at the examinations? Aim to perform exceedingly well while still understanding the fundamentals of the concepts? Selina solutions is your answer. Selina publishers are one of the best publishers for ICSE textbooks. Through this page, students get access to ICSE Class 9 solutions provided in the textbook, covered for all the chapters.

Preparing for examinations and getting yourself up for it might require more than a textbook’s help. Textbooks hands down may be the recommended books, but Selina solutions go one step ahead to provide just the information required and nothing extra which acts as a time saver as we do realise the importance of time in a student’s academic life. These are some of the considerations that are noted while preparing solutions which has proven to be beneficial for students.

Some other aspects that students can take up from these solutions are – answering strategy, effective time management, use of terminologies, answering to the point etc in order to get optimum marks.

Download PDF of Selina Solutions for Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 – Health Organizations

Selina Solutions Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 part 1
Selina Solutions Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 part 2
Selina Solutions Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 part 3
Selina Solutions Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 part 4
Selina Solutions Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 part 5

Access Answers of Biology Selina class 9 Chapter 18 – Health Organizations

  1. In which year was WHO established?
  2. Solution:

    The WHO was established in 1948.

  3. Name the world organizations concerned with the following:

    1. Campaigning for control of endemic goitre
    2. Supplying food and other facilities to children in schools.

    Solution:

    1. Campaigning for control of endemic goiter – WHO(World Health Organization)
    2. Supplying food and other facilities to children in schools – Red Cross

Multiple Choice Type

(Select the most appropriate option in each case)

  1. Red Cross Day is celebrated on

    1. May 8
    2. June 23
    3. September 17
    4. November 21

    Solution:

    a) May 8

    The Red Cross is a national as well as international agency that provides relief by providing aid to humans during war and peace time both.

  2. WHO headquarters are located in

    1. Paris
    2. Berlin
    3. Geneva
    4. New York

    Solution:

    b) Geneva

    WHO has six regional offices in the world including one in Delhi.

Very short answer type

  1. Match the activities in Column I with the respective organization in Column II (there can be one or more than one activity).

    (Activity) —– (Organization)

    1. (i) To extend relief to victims of earthquake —– (A) Red Cross
    2. (ii) To lay pharmaceutical standards for important drugs —– (B) WHO
    3. Arranging ambulance in emergencies
    4. To suggest quarantine measures
    5. Training of midwives
    6. Procuring and supplying blood for transfusion

    Solution:

    (Activity) —– (Organization)

    1. (i) To extend relief to victims of earthquake—– Red Cross
    2. (ii) To lay pharmaceutical standards for important drugs—–WHO
    3. Arranging ambulance in emergencies—– Red Cross
    4. To suggest quarantine measures—– WHO
    5. Training of midwives —–Red Cross
    6. Procuring and supplying blood for transfusion—– Red Cross
  2. Where are the headquarters of WHO located?

    Solution:

    The World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, is a specialized agency of the United Nations Organization(UNO). The headquarters of WHO is located in Geneva.

  3. What do the following abbreviations stand for?

    (a)WHO (b) UNO

    Solution:

    1. WHO – World Health Organization
    2. UNO – United Nations Organization

Short Answer Type

  1. List any three health problems in India.

    Solution:

    Health problems differ with the difference in habitation. Listed below are three common health problems in India:

    • Food and water borne diseases – certain diseases are common in water-deficient areas and areas where water is obtained from wells or hand-pumps wherein water is contaminated. Few of these diseases are Diarrhea, Dysentery, and Typhoid etc. Few other causes are toxic levels of mineral content found in drinking water, untreated sewage or effluents from industries poured into water bodies.
    • Insect and air-borne diseases – lack of awareness amongst people in the remote areas about the wide range of factors causing food contamination has affected and caused diseases. Factors such as lack of general cleanliness can lead to breeding of houseflies, mosquitoes and other insects which can potentially cause diseases has often been overlooked.
    • Unavailability of proper medical facilities and nutrition due to a combination of financial distress and medical help in remote areas has increased the mortality rate and is one of the major health concerns.
  2. State two functions of WHO.

    Solution:

    The two functions of WHO (World health Organization) are as follows:

    • To collect and supply information about occurrence of epidemic diseases Example – Cholera, typhoid etc.
    • To promote and support projects for research on diseases.
  3. State the main functions of Red Cross.

    Solution:

    The main functions of Red Cross are:

    • To extend relief and help to the victims of any calamity – fire, flood, famine, earthquakes etc
    • To procure and supply blood for the victims of war and other calamities
    • To extend all possible first-aid in any accident
    • To educate people in accident prevention
    • To arrange for ambulance service in all emergencies
    • To look after maternal and child welfare centers
    • Trains midwives.
  4. State the main functions of World Health Organization.

    Solution:

    The main functions of World health Organization are:

    • To collect and supply information about occurrence of epidemic diseases Example – Cholera, typhoid etc.
    • To promote and support projects for research on diseases
    • To supply information on latest developments about vaccine use, cancer research, control of drug addiction, health hazards of nuclear radiation
    • To suggest quarantine measures to avert spreading of diseases
    • To lay pharmaceutical standards for important drugs
    • Organization of campaigns to control epidemic and endemic diseases
  5. Distinguish between sewage and effluents.

    Solution:

    The difference between sewage and effluents are as follows:

    Sewage

    Effluents

    Sewage(domestic waste water) is a type of waste water that is produced by a community of people as an outcome of daily activities such as washing, bathing etc and also contains fecal matter

    It is the liquid waste flowing out of a factory, farm etc into water bodies such as rivers, ponds, lakes etc.

Long Answer Type

  1. Describe the reasons for the formation of WHO.

    Solution:

    The World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, is a specialized agency of the United Nations Organization (UNO). The reasons for the formation of WHO are as follows:

    • Member countries of the UNO focused on the need for creating an international body to look after the health problems of people of the world.
    • The need of having an organization was felt in fields of research on the causes and cures of diseases.
    • These measures were attempted in order to provide better, faster results.
    • Most importantly, it aimed at proving to be beneficial for the poor and developing countries.

Selina Solutions for class 9 Biology Chapter 18 – Health Organizations

ICSE Class 9 Biology Chapter 18 – Health Organizations chapter is classified under Unit – VI of Biology textbook – Health & Hygiene. Health refers to the normal and healthy state of the body in all the three aspects namely – physical, mental and social wellness while Hygiene concerns with the conditions and practices in order to maintain health and prevent any chance of diseases.

The unit Health organization is included in the syllabus for class 9 so that students get enlightened about the importance of health and the various health organizations that are successfully running across the world, and the various activities they carry out for human welfare.

The chapter covers the following types of questions:

  • Multiple-choice questions
  • Matching items from two given Columns
  • Very short answer type questions
  • Short answer type questions
  • Long answer type questions

List of subtopics covered in Chapter 18 – Health Organizations

Number

Subtopic

18.1

Common health problems in India

18.2

International Bodies

18.2.1

Red Cross

18.2.2

WHO(World Health Organization)

List of Exercise

Name of the exercise

Number of questions

Question Type

Page number

Progress Check

2

short

178

Review questions

2

MCQ

178

8

short

178

1

long

178

Selina Solutions for class 9 Biology Chapter 18 – Health Organizations

Health and is a well known and familiarized concept. Before understanding advanced concepts of health, it is important to learn and decipher the fundamentals of health starting from the definition.

As health is one of the many primary concerns of all the governments of the world, they strive to take measures individually at the national level as well as collectively at the global level to safeguard the health interests of their people. The chapter aims at educating students about the two main organizations:

  • Red cross
  • World Health Organization (WHO)

Through this chapter, the readers are also guided about common health problems in India such as food and water-borne diseases, insect and air-borne diseases etc. The activities/functions of both these important bodies(Red cross and WHO) are discussed briefly for students to understand its significance.

Key Features of Selina Solutions for class 9 Biology Chapter 18 – Health Organizations

  • Selina solutions is a student-friendly study tool
  • Use of an easy to understand language
  • Detailed and step by step structuring of answers
  • Easily accessible
  • Explanation provided for MCQ type of questions.
  • Use of pointers wherever required

Frequently Asked Questions on Health Organizations

In which year was WHO established?

The WHO was established in 1948.

Where are the headquarters of WHO located?

The World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, is a specialized agency of the United Nations Organization(UNO). The headquarters of WHO is located in Geneva.

List any three health problems in India?

Food and water borne diseases

Insect and air-borne diseases

Poor medical facilities

State two functions of WHO?

The two functions of WHO (World health Organization) are as follows:

  • To collect and supply information about occurrence of epidemic diseases Example – Cholera, typhoid etc.
  • To promote and support projects for research on diseases.

State the main functions of Red Cross?

The main functions of Red Cross are:

  • To extend relief and help to the victims of any calamity – fire, flood, famine, earthquakes etc
  • To procure and supply blood for the victims of war and other calamities
  • To extend all possible first-aid in any accident
  • To educate people in accident prevention
  • To arrange for ambulance service in all emergencies
  • To look after maternal and child welfare centers
  • Trains midwives.

State the main functions of World Health Organization?

The main functions of World health Organization are:

  • To collect and supply information about occurrence of epidemic diseases Example – Cholera, typhoid etc.
  • To promote and support projects for research on diseases
  • To supply information on latest developments about vaccine use, cancer research, control of drug addiction, health hazards of nuclear radiation
  • To suggest quarantine measures to avert spreading of diseases
  • To lay pharmaceutical standards for important drugs
  • Organization of campaigns to control epidemic and endemic diseases