Selina Solutions Concise Maths Class 10 Chapter 23 Graphical Representation (Histograms and Ogives)

A statistical data can be expressed by diagram, chart, etc., in order to make the data grasped immediately. In this chapter, students will be studying only about histograms, frequency polygon and Ogive (cumulative frequency curve). This chapter consists of only one exercise, solutions which can be found at Selina Solutions for Class 10 Mathematics. This is a vital resource for students in order to prepare for their exams. It is prepared by experienced faculty at BYJU’S, keeping in mind the latest ICSE guidelines. Additionally, this resource is available free of cost and can be accessed at any time. Further, the Selina Solutions for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 23 Graphical Representation (Histograms and Ogives) are available in a PDF, provided in the link below.

Selina Solutions Concise Maths Class 10 Chapter 23 Graphical Representation (Histograms and Ogives) Download PDF

 

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Access Selina Solutions Concise Maths Class 10 Chapter 23 Graphical Representation (Histograms and Ogives)

Exercise 23 Page No: 348

1. Draw histograms for the following frequency distributions:

(i)

Class Interval 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60
Frequency 12 20 26 18 10 6

(ii)

Class Interval 10-16 16-22 22-28 28-34 34-40
Frequency 15 23 30 20 16

(iii)

Class Interval 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79
Frequency 24 16 09 15 20

(iv)

Class Marks 16 24 32 40 48 56 64
Frequency 8 12 15 18 25 19 10

Solution:

(i)

Class Interval Frequency
0-10 12
10-20 20
20-30 26
30-40 18
40-50 10
50-60 06

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 1

Steps of construction:

(a) Taking suitable scales, mark the class intervals on x-axis and the frequencies on y-axis.

(b) Construct rectangles with class intervals as bases and corresponding frequencies as heights.

(ii)

Class Interval Frequency
10-16 15
16-22 23
22-28 30
28-34 20
34-40 16

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 2

Steps of construction:

(a) Taking suitable scales, mark the class intervals on x-axis and frequency on y-axis.

(b) Construct rectangles with class intervals as bases and corresponding frequencies as heights.

(iii)

Class Interval

(Inclusive form)

Class Interval

(Exclusive Form)

Frequency
30-39 29.5-39.5 24
40-49 39.5-49.5 16
50-59 49.5-59.5 09
60-69 59.5-69.5 15
70-79 69.5-79.5 20

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 3

Steps of construction:

(a) Convert the data into exclusive form. [Here, adjustment factor = 0.5]

(b) Taking suitable scales, mark the class intervals on x-axis and the frequency on y-axis.

(c) Construct rectangles with class intervals as bases and corresponding frequencies as heights.

(iv)

From the given data:

Class Marks Class Intervals Frequency
16 12-20 08
24 20-28 12
32 28-36 15
40 36-44 18
48 44-52 25
56 52-60 19
64 60-68 10

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 4

Steps of construction:

(a) Convert the class marks into class intervals.

(b) Taking suitable scales, mark class intervals on x-axis and frequency on y-axis.

(c) Construct rectangles with class intervals as bases and corresponding frequencies as heights.

2. Draw cumulative frequency curve (ogive) for each of the following distributions:

(i)

Class

Interval

10-15 15-20 20-25 25-30 30-45 35-40
Frequency 10 15 17 12 10 08

(ii)

Class Interval 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59
Frequency 23 16 15 20 12

Solution:

(i)

Class Interval Frequency
10-15 10
15-20 15
20-25 17
25-30 12
30-35 10
35-40 08

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 5

Steps of construction:

(a) Taking suitable scales, mark the class intervals on x-axis and the frequencies on y-axis.

(b) Construct rectangles with class intervals as bases and corresponding frequencies as heights.

(c) Join the mid-points of the rectangle to obtain the ogive.

(ii)

Class Interval

(Inclusive)

Class Interval

(Exclusive)

Frequency Cumulative

Frequency

10-19 9.5-19.5 23 23
20-29 19.5-29.5 16 39
30-39 29.5-39.5 15 54
40-49 39.5-49.5 20 74
50-59 49.5-59.5 12 86
Total 86

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 6

Steps of construction:

(a) Convert the data into exclusive form. [Here, adjustment factor = 0.5]

(b) Taking suitable scales, mark the class intervals on x-axis and the frequencies on y-axis.

(c) Construct rectangles with class intervals as bases and corresponding frequencies as heights.

(d) Join the mid-points of the rectangle to obtain the ogive.

3. Draw an ogive for each of the following distributions:

(i)

Marks Obtained less

than 10

less

than 20

less

than30

less

than 40

less

than 50

No. of

Students

8 25 38 50 67

(ii)

Age in years (less than) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Cumulative Frequency 0 17 32 37 53 58 65

Solution:

(i)

Marks Obtained No. of students (c.f.)
less than 10 8
less than 20 25
less than 30 38
less than 40 50
less than 50 67

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 7

Steps Of construction:

(a) Plot the points (10, 8), (20, 25), (30, 38), (40, 50) and (50, 67) on the graph.

(b) Join them with free hand to obtain an ogive.

(ii)

Age in years

(less than)

Cumulative

Frequency

10 0
20 17
30 32
40 37
50 53
60 58
70 65

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 8

Steps Of construction:

(a) Plot the points (10, 0), (20, 17), (30, 32), (40, 37), (50, 53), (60, 58) and (70, 65) on the graph.

(b) Join them with free hand to obtain an ogive.

4. Construct a frequency distribution table for the number given below, using the class intervals 21-30, 31-40 … etc.

75, 67, 57, 50, 26, 33, 44, 58, 67, 75, 78, 43, 41, 31, 21, 32, 40, 62, 54, 69, 48, 47, 51, 38, 39, 43, 61, 63, 68, 53, 56, 49, 59, 37, 40, 68, 23, 28, 36, 47

Use the table obtained to draw:

(i) a histogram (ii) an ogive

Solution:

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 9

(i)

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 10

(ii)

Selina Solutions Concise Class 10 Maths Chapter 23 ex. 23 - 11

Plot the points (30,4), (40,13), (50,22), (60,29), (70,37) and (80,40) on the graph and join them with free hand to obtain an ogive.

The given solutions are as per the 2019-20 Concise Selina textbook. The Selina Solutions for the academic year 2020-21 will be updated soon.

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