In our day-to day life, we observe variation in value of different quantities depending upon the variation in values of other quantities. For example: if the number of persons visiting a restaurant increases, earning of the restaurant increases and vice versa, if more number of people are employed, time taken to accomplish a job decreases. Thus, in some scenarios value of one quantity increases with the increase in the value of other quantity while in other cases value of one quantity decreases with increase in the value of other quantity. Hence, two quantities can either exist in direct proportion or indirect proportion. Relationship between these two quantities can be represented in arithmetic manner or graphical manner (using graphs). Sometimes these two quantities exhibit a linear dependence, in other words variation in the value of one quantity is proportional to the first power of variation in the value of other quantity. We generally represent this with the help of linear graphs.
Applications of linear graphs
Problem: Sakshi can ride a scooty constantly at a speed of 20 km/hour. Draw a distance-time graph for this situation. With the help of linear graph, calculate
- The time taken by Sakshi to ride 100 km.
- The distance covered by Sakshi in 3 hours.
Solution: Let us try and form a table of values correlating the time of travel and the distance travelled by Sakshi in the particular time interval.
Let us draw a graph with the help of these tabulated values,
With the help of above graph we can calculate the required values,
- Time taken to cover 100 km by Sakshi :
Form the graph,
X-coordinate of the graph corresponding to the Y-coordinate of graph at 100 = 5
Hence, time taken to cover 100 km by Sakshi = 5 hours
- Distance covered by Sakshi in 3 hours:
Form the graph,
Y-coordinate of the graph corresponding to the X-coordinate of graph at 3 = 60
Hence, distance covered by Sakshi in 3 hours = 60km
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