A ratio is a quantitative relation of two amounts or numbers that can be expressed in the following ways-
Fraction– Such as 2/3, 3/5 etc.
With a colon – 2:3, 3:5 etc.
and with “to” between numbers. – 2 to 3, 3 to 5 etc.
Comparison of Ratios-
Let us consider a problem statement to understand the concept of comparison of ratios.
Statement: An architect states that the buildings that have the ratio of span to height more than 1:4 is only feasible. The dimensions of the plans of various buildings are laid before him. See the table below.
Let us find out the span to height ratios for all the buildings in the simplest form.
Building A = 3/5
Building B = 1/5
Building C = 1/3
Compare this with the ratio given by the architect.
For Building A,
The question mark above can be anything, >, < or =.
Cross multiplying the terms,
12 > 5
Hence we can say ratio ¾ is greater than¼. According to the problem statement, this satisfies the criteria as per the architect. Therefore Building A is feasible.
Similarly calculating for other buildings, for Building B, we find that 1/5 is less than ¼ and for Building C, 1/3 is greater than ¼. Hence Buildings A and C are feasible while building B is not feasible.
Concept of comparison of ratios is used for design of airplanes to tall buildings to large ships.
Lets Work out-
Example- A dance club was given a target to increase the participation of boys with respect to girls in one year. At the start of the year, there were 40 boys and 100 girls and at the end of the year, there were 60 boys and 120 girls. Was the dance club successful in increasing the rate of participating?
Solution: Ratio of boys to girls at the start of year = 40/100 = 2/5
Ratio of boys to girls at the end of year = 60/120 = ½
½ is greater than 2/5. Hence dance club was successful in increasing the rate of participation.
For detailed discussion on comparison of ratios and proportions, download Byju’s- the learning app.