Factors of 6

Factors are the numbers, that can divide the original number, evenly. Also, when two integers are multiplied together to get 6 as a result, then they are called pair factors of the produced number. Consider an example, the factor pairs of 6 are written as (1, 6) and (-1, –6). When we multiply the pair of negative factors, the result should give the original number, such as multiplying -1 × –6, then we get the number 6. Thus, we can consider both positive and negative factor pairs of 6. Factor pairs of the number 6 are the whole numbers which could be either positive or negative but not a fraction or decimal number.

To find the factors of a number, 6, we will use the factorization method. In the factorization method, first take the numbers, 1 and 6 as factors of 6 and proceed with finding the other pair of multiples of 6 which gives the results as an original number. To understand this method in a better way, read the article below to find factor 6 in pairs and also the division method to find the prime factors of 6 is discussed.

Table of Contents:

What are the Factors of 6?

The factors of 6 are the numbers that divide 6 exactly without leaving the remainder. In other words, the factors of 6 are the numbers that are multiplied in pairs resulting in an original number 6. As 6 is an even composite number, it has many factors other than 1 and 6. Thus, the factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6. Similarly, the negative pair factors of 6 are -1, -2, -3 and -6.

Factors of 6: 1, 2, 3 and 6.

Prime Factorization of 6:  2 × 3 or  21 × 31.

Pair Factors of 6

To find the pair factors of 6, multiply the two numbers in a pair to get the original number as 6, such numbers are as follows:

numbers are as follows:

Positive Pair Factors of 6:

Positive Factors of 6

Positive Pair Factors of 6

1 × 6

(1, 6)

2 × 3

(2, 3)

Therefore, the positive pair factors of 6 are (1, 6), and (2, 3).

Similarly,  the negative pair factors of 6 are given below:

Negative Pair Factors of 6:

Negative Factors of 6

Negative Pair Factors of 6

-1 × -6

(-1, -6)

-2 × -3

(-2, -3)

Therefore, the negative pair factors of 6 are (-1, -6), and (-2,- 3).

Factors of 6 by Division Method

In the division method, the factors of 6 can be found by dividing 6 by different integers. If the integers divide 6 exactly and leave the remainder 0, then those integers are the factors of 6. Now, let us discuss how to find the factors of 6 using the division method. 

  • 6/1 = 6 (Factor is 1 and Remainder is 0)
  • 6/2 = 3 (Factor is 2 and Remainder is 0)
  • 6/3 = 2 (Factor is 3 and Remainder is 0)
  • 6/6 = 1 (Factor is 6 and Remainder is 0)

If we divide the number 6 by any numbers other than 1, 2, 3 and 6, then it leaves the remainder. Hence, the factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.

Prime Factorization of 6

The number 6 is a composite and it should have prime factors. Now let us know how to calculate the prime factors of 6.

Step 1: The first step is to divide the number 6 with the smallest prime factor, say 2.

6 ÷ 2 = 3

Step 2: Again if you divide 3 by 2, you will get a fractional value. So proceed with the next prime number say 3.

3 ÷ 3 = 1

Finally, you received the number 1 at the end of the division process. So that we cannot proceed further. So, the prime factors of 6 are written as 2 × 3, where 2 and 3 are prime numbers.

It is possible to find the exact number of factors with the help of prime factorisation. The prime factor of the 6 is 2 x 3. The exponent in the prime factorisation is 1 and 1. When you add the number 1 with the exponent, it becomes (1+1)(1+1) = 2 x 2 =4. Therefore, the number 6 has 4 factors.

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Examples

Example 1:

Find the common factors of 6 and 5.

Solution:

The factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.

The factors of 5 are 1 and 5.

As 5 is a prime number, the common factor of 6 and 5 is 1.

Example 2:

Find the common factors of 6 and 7.

Solution:

Factors of 6 = 1, 2, 3 and 6.

Factors of 7 = 1 and 7.

The common factor of 6 and 7 is 1 only since 7 is a prime number.

Example 3:

Find the common factors of 6 and 12.

Solution:

The factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.

The factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12.

Hence, the common factors of 6 and 12 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know about factor 6 and the factors and prime factors of other numbers. Download BYJU’S – The Learning App for better experience and clarification.

Frequently Asked Questions on Factors of 6

What are the factors of 6?

The factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.

What is the prime factorization of 6?

The prime factorization of 6 is 2 × 3.

What are the positive and negative pair factors of 6?

The positive pair factors of 6 are (1, 6) and (2, 3)
The negative pair factors of 6 are (-1, -6) and (-2, -3).

What is the sum of factors of 6?

The sum of factors of 6 is 12. We know that the factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.
Hence, the sum of factors of 6 is 1+2+3+6 is 12.

Is 3 a factor of 6?

Yes, 3 is a factor of 6. If 6 is divisible by 3, it leaves a remainder zero, and hence 3 is a factor of 6.

Test your knowledge on Factors of 6

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  1. I think this is a smart for kids

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