Important Questions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 11 - Conic Sections

Some of the important questions for class 11 Maths Chapter 11 – conic sections are given here. The important questions solved here are taken from the previous year question papers and sample papers, which helps the students to score more marks in the annual examinations. The questions are framed as per the syllabus CBSE Board. Most of the questions are taken NCERT textbooks. Also, HOTS and value-based questions are asked related to the concept. Get the important questions for all Maths Chapters at BYJU’S.

Class 11 Maths Chapter 11 – conic sections will incorporate the concept of sections of cone such as

  • Parabola
  • Ellipse
  • Hyperbola
  • Circle

Also, Check:

Class 11 Chapter 11 – Conic Sections Important Questions with Solutions

To score the good marks in the final examination, practice the problems provided here, which will help you to solve the problems in the annual examination.

Question 1:

Determine the equation of the circle with radius 4 and Centre (-2, 3).

Solution:

Given that:

Radius, r = 4, and center (h, k) = (-2, 3).

We know that the equation of a circle with centre (h, k) and radius r is given as

(x – h)2 + (y – k)2 = r2 ….(1)

Now, substitute the radius and center values in (1), we get

Therefore, the equation of the circle is

(x + 2)2+ (y – 3)2 = (4)2

x2+ 4x + 4 + y2 – 6y + 9 = 16

Now, simplify the above equation, we get:

x2 + y2+ 4x – 6y – 3 = 0

Thus, the equation of a circle with center (-2, 3) and radius 4 is x2 + y2+ 4x – 6y – 3 = 0

Question 2:

Compute the centre and radius of the circle 2x2 + 2y2 – x = 0

Solution:

Given that, the circle equation is 2x2 + 2y2 – x = 0

This can be written as:

⇒ (2x2-x) + y2 = 0

⇒ 2{[x2 – (x/2)] +y2} = 0

⇒{ x2 – 2x(¼) + (¼)2} +y2 – (¼)2 = 0

Now, simplify the above form, we get

⇒(x- (¼))2 + (y-0)2 = (¼)2

The above equation is of the form (x – h)2 + (y – k)2= r2

Therefore, by comparing the general form and the equation obtained, we can say

h= ¼ , k = 0, and r = ¼.

Question 3:

Determine the focus coordinates, the axis of the parabola, the equation of the directrix and the latus rectum length for y2 = -8x

Solution:

Given that, the parabola equation is y2= -8x.

It is noted that the coefficient of x is negative.

Therefore, the parabola opens towards the left.

Now, compare the equation with y2= -4ax, we obtain

-4a= -8

⇒ a = 2

Thus, the value of a is 2.

Therefore, the coordinates of the focus = (-a, 0) = (-2, 0)

Since the given equation involves y2, the axis of the parabola is the x-axis.

Equation of directrix, x= a i.e., x = 2

We know the formula to find the length of a latus rectum

Latus rectum length= 4a

Now, substitute a = 2, we get

Length of latus rectum = 8

Question 4:

Determine the foci coordinates, the vertices, the length of the major axis, the minor axis, the eccentricity and the length of the latus rectum of the ellipse (x2/49) + (y2/36) = 1

Solution:

The given equation is (x2/49) + (y2/36) = 1

It can be written as (x2/72) + (y2/62) = 1

It is noticed that the denominator of x2/49 is greater than the denominator of the y2/36

On comparing the equation with (x2/a2) + (y2/b2) = 1, we will get

a= 7 and b = 6

Therefore, c = √(a2– b2)

Now, substitute the value of a and b

⇒ √(a2– b2) = √(72– 62) = √(49-36)

⇒ √13

Hence, the foci coordinates are ( ± √13, 0)

Eccentricity, e = c/a = √13/ 7

Length of the major axis = 2a = 2(7) = 14

Length of the minor axis = 2b = 2(6) =12

The coordinates of the vertices are ( ± 7, 0)

Latus rectum Length= 2b2/a = 2(6)2/7 = 2(36)/7 = 72/7

Question 5:

Determine the equation for the ellipse that satisfies the given conditions: Centre at (0, 0), the major axis on the y-axis and passes through the points (3, 2) and (1, 6).

Solution:

Centre = (0, 0), and major axis that passes through the points (3, 2) and (1, 6).

We know that the equation of the ellipse will be of the form when the centre is at (0, 0) and the major axis is on the y-axis,

(x2/b2) + (y2/a2) = 1 …. (1)

Here, a is the semi-major axis

It is given that, the ellipse passes through the points (3, 2) and (1, 6).

Hence, equation (1) becomes

(9/b2) + (4/a2) = 1 …(2)

(1/b2) + (36/a2) = 1 …(3)

Solving equation (2) and (3), we get

b2 = 10 and a2 = 40

Therefore, the equation of the ellipse becomes: (x2/10) + (y2/40) = 1

Question 6:

Determine the equation of the hyperbola which satisfies the given conditions: Foci (0, ±13), the conjugate axis is of length 24.

Solution:

Given that: Foci (0, ±13), Conjugate axis length = 24

It is noted that the foci are on the y-axis.

Therefore, the equation of the hyperbola is of the form:

(y2/a2)-(x2/b2) = 1 …(1)

Since the foci are (0, ±13), we can get

C = 13

It is given that, the length of the conjugate axis is 24,

It becomes 2b = 24

b= 24/2

b= 12

And, we know that a2 + b2 = c2

To find a, substitute the value of b and c in the above equation:

a2 + 122 = 132

a2 = 169-144

a2 = 25

Now, substitute the value of a and b in equation (1), we get

(y2/25)-(x2/144) = 1, which is the required equation of the hyperbola.

Practice Problems for Class 11 Maths Chapter 11 Conic Sections

These class 11 Conic Sections questions are categorized into short answer type questions and long answer type questions. These questions cover various concepts which will help class 11 students to develop problem-solving skills for the exam.

  1. Calculate the equation of a circle which passes through the origin and cuts off intercepts -2 and 3 from the axis and the y-axis respectively. (Solution: x2 + y2 + 2x -3y)
  2. Determine the equation of the circle passing through the points – (0,0)(5,0) and (3,3). (Solution: x2 + y2 – 5x -y =0), centre (5/2 , ½) and radius = √ 26/2).
  3. If the distance between the foci of a hyperbola is 16 and eccentricity is √ 2, then obtain its equation. (Solution: x2 – y2 =32)
  4. If a latus rectum of an ellipse subtends a right angle at the centre of the ellipse, then write the eccentricity of the ellipse. (Solution: (√ 5 – 1) / 2)
  5. Determinethe equation of the ellipse whose foci are (4,0) and (-4,0), eccentricity = ⅓. (Solution: x2 / 9 + y2/8 = 16)
  6. Write the equation of the parabola whose vertex is at (-3,0) and the directrix is (x + 5 ) = 0. (Solution: y2 = 8(x + 3))
  7. AB is a double ordinate of a parabola y2 = 4px. Find the locus of its points of trisection. (Solution: 9y2 =4px)
  8. Calculate the equation of the parabola whose focus is (1, -1) and whose vertex is (2,1). Also, find its axis and latus- rectum). (Solution: 4 √ 5).
  9. Find the equation of the circle which circumscribes the triangle formed by the lines x = 0, y = 0 and lx +my = 1. (Solution: x2 + y2 – (1/l)x – (1/m)y = 0)
  10. Prove that the points (9,1) ( 7,9) (-2, 12) and (6,10) are concyclic.

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