A maths puzzle is based on mathematical or numerical facts, rules and objects, or whose solution requires strong mathematical reasoning, thought or consideration. Mathematics is the study of abstract topics such as numbers, shapes, quantity, space and change. In simple words, it is the study of facts related to numbers and shapes; as there is no generally accepted definition for maths. There are a variety of views among mathematicians and scholars as to the specific scope and interpretation of mathematics.
Maths (or Mathematical) puzzles form an essential part of recreational mathematics. They have special rules, but they do not typically involve competition between two or more players. Preferably, the solver must find a solution that satisfies the given conditions to solve a particular puzzle. Maths puzzles require the basics of mathematics to solve them. A common type of math puzzles is logic puzzles, which are pretty much interesting for students not only in academics but also to work on in their leisure hours.
Need of Solving Maths Puzzles
One may question the use of solving these puzzles. The answer is:
Solving math puzzles will help you to improve your mathematical skills. An interesting fact about maths puzzles is that the students who work with puzzles can perform better than those who do not, on tasks that evaluate their ability to revolve and transpose shapes. Maths puzzles are beneficial at every stage of students’ life either at the primary, secondary or higher secondary level.
At the primary and secondary level of education, puzzles are solved just for the sake of fun, though this develops a habit to apply our mind to every problem we encounter in our life. However, at the higher secondary level, this habit assists us in standing in the header row of the competition era of this world. Since we are already habituated to apply our mind, in this way, puzzles will help in enhancing our thinking skills instead of merely mugging up ability.
Maths Puzzles Tricks
There are some tricks and tips that help in solving different types of puzzles. The below steps will help you in solving any type of puzzles in maths.
Step 1: Take a quick look at the question.
Step 2: Analyse the statements and patterns given in the puzzle
Step 3: Develop a general idea regarding the theme of the problem.
Step 4: Select the data that is giving you some concrete or accurate information out of complete details given. Furthermore, select the data which helps in ruling out particular possibilities.
Step 5: Apply the possibilities to the given conditions of the puzzle
Step 6: The best possibility that satisfies the given conditions will be the solution to the puzzle
Maths Puzzles With Answers
Below are a few examples of maths puzzles that will help you in understanding the variety of puzzles that involve logical and analytical skills to solve.
Example 1: Solve the below puzzle:
From the given, it can be observed that the addition of numbers exists.
In the top triangle, 4 + 6 + 12 = 22
In the second row, the second triangle has a sum of three numbers; 8 + 3 + 11 = 22
Thus, the missing number in the puzzle is:
7 + 5 + 13 = 25
Example 2: Solve the puzzle:
From the given, it can be observed that multiplication and addition are involved in the problem.
This can be solved by assuming some constant for each object and solving based on the condition given.
In the first row, each apple possesses the number 3 since 3 x 3 x 3 = 27
In the second row, let each mango hold “m” such that:
3 × m × m × m = 24
m3 = 24/3
m3 = 8
m = 2
Each mango = 2
In the third row:
Let each orange equal to “R”.
Thus, 3 × 2 × R × R = 96
6 × R2 = 96
R2 = 96/6
R2 = 16
R = 4
Each orange = 4
Finally, in the third row:
Orange + Apple × Mango = 4 + 3 × 2 = 4 + 6 = 10