A Rectangle is a four sidedpolygon, having all the internal angles equal to 90 degrees. The two sides at each corner or vertex, meet at right angles. The opposite sides of the rectangle are equal in length which makes it different from a square.
For example, if one side of a rectangle is 20 cm, then the side opposite to it is also 20 cm.
A rectangle is characterized by length (L) and width (W). Both length and width are different in size.
In the figure above, a rectangle ABCD has four sides as AB, BC, CD, and DA and right angles A, B, C, and D. The distance between A and B or C and D is defined as the length (L), whereas the distance between B and C or A and D is defined as Width (W) of the given rectangle.
Definition
A rectangle is a type of quadrilateral that has its parallel sides equal to each other and all the four vertices are equal to 90 degrees. Hence, it is also called an equiangular quadrilateral.
Since, the opposite sides are equal and parallel, in rectangle, therefore, it can also be termed as a parallelogram.
Shape of Rectangle
A rectangle is a twodimensional flat shape. In an XY plane, we can easily represent a rectangle, where the arms of xaxis and yaxis show the length and width of the rectangle, respectively.
Rectangular Shaped Objects
The most common everyday things or objects we see and are rectangular in shape is Television, computer screen, notebook, mobile phones, CPU , Notice boards, Table, Book, TV screen, Mobile phone, Wall, Magazine, Tennis court, etc.
Properties of Rectangle
The properties of rectangle are given below:

Perimeter of a Rectangle
The perimeter of a rectangle is defined as the total distance covered by the outer boundary of the rectangle. It is measured in unit length. The formula of perimeter is given by:
Perimeter, P = 2 (Length + Width)
Area of Rectangle
Area is the region covered by a twodimensional shape in a plane. It is measured in square units. Therefore, the area of the rectangle is the area covered by its outer boundaries. It is equal to the product of length and width.
The formula of area of rectangle is:
Diagonal of a Rectangle
A rectangle has two diagonals, that bisects each other. Both the diagonals are equal in length.
Length of Diagonals
The rectangle is a symmetrical shape and has both the diagonals equal in length. A diagonal will divide the rectangle into two right angle triangles. Therefore we can easily calculate the length of diagonals using the Pythagoras Theorem, where the diagonals are considered as hypotenuse of the right triangle.
Let D is the hypotenuse, length (L) and width (W) are the base and perpendicular, respectively. Hence, the length of the diagonal of rectangle will be:
Video Lesson on Properties of rectangles
Solved Example
Example Find the Area and Perimeter of a rectangle where length and width are given as 12 and 8 cm respectively. Also, find the length of the Diagonal.
Solution We know that the area of a rectangle is given by \(\begin{array}{l}A = Length \times Width\end{array} \) .
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow A = 12 \times 8\end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow A = 96 cm^{2}\end{array} \)
Now Perimeter is given by \(\begin{array}{l}P = 2 (Length + Width) \end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow P = 2 (12 + 8) \end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow P = 40 \end{array} \)
Diagonal Length, \(\begin{array}{l}D = \sqrt{L^{2}+W^{2}}\end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow D = \sqrt{12^{2}+8^{2}}\end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow D = \sqrt{144 + 64} \end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow D = \sqrt{208} \end{array} \)
\(\begin{array}{l}\Rightarrow D = 4\sqrt{13}\end{array} \) 
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Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs
What is a rectangle in Geometry?
Is square a rectangle?
What is the shape of rectangle?
How to find the area of a rectangle?
Area = 5cm x 4cm = 20 sq.cm.
What is the rectangle formula?
Area = L x B
Perimeter = 2 (L+B)
Diagonal = √(L^{2}+B^{2})
Learn more on Rectangles  
Surface Area Of Rectangle  Special parallelograms :Rhombus, Square, Rectangle 
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