Square Root Of A Number By Repeated Subtraction

You have already learned about the squares and cubes of a number. 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, etc. are the squares of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and so on. In the series 1, 4, 9…, the numbers are called perfect squares or square numbers. Thus, a square number can be defined as an integer that can be expressed as a product of a number with the number itself. And the number which is multiplied with itself, is called the square root of the square number. So 25 is a square number that can be written as 5 X 5. And 5 is the square root of 25. Now finding the square of a number is simple. You multiply 10 with 10 and you obtain 100, which is the square of 10. But how do you go about finding the square root of a number? There are several methods for the same. In this article, we will learn how to find the square root of a number through repeated subtraction.

Square Root

Square Root by Repeated Subtraction

We know that the sum of the first n odd natural numbers is n2. We will use this fact to find square root of a number by repeated subtraction. Let us take an example to learn this method. Say, you are required to find the square root of 121, that is, √121. The steps are:

  1. 121 – 1 = 120
  2. 120 – 3 = 117
  3. 117 – 5 = 112
  4. 112 – 7 = 105
  5. 105 – 9 = 96
  6. 96 – 11 = 85
  7. 85 – 13 = 72
  8. 72 – 15 = 57
  9. 57 – 17 = 40
  10. 40 – 19 = 21
  11. 21 – 21 = 0

Thus, we have subtracted consecutive odd numbers from 121 starting from 1. 0 is obtained in the 11th step. So we have √121 = 11.

Click on the linked article to learn more about square roots of decimals, and know more at byjus.com


Practise This Question

Square root of 1024 is 32