MP Board Class 11th Biology Syllabus 2020-2021

MP State Board Class 11 Biology is very crucial, especially for the students who wish to take up medicine or other science streams for their higher education. Hence, understanding the syllabus will help these students to prepare ahead of time and do well in Class 11 and 12 exams, thus laying a good foundation for the students for their future plans, ahead.

Students when they prepare for their Class 11th MP Board Biology exams, first check the syllabus to see the different concepts and aspects that were covered for their higher secondary Biology classes. It is then that they take out the various MP Board Books related to the subject and spend time as they need to learn for each area of Biology. This will help them to be better prepared for their upcoming mp board pariksha.

On a glance, the MP Board Class 11 Biology Syllabus 2020-2021 covers around 5 units. A few of the main topics covered under the Biology Syllabus includes a wide range of sub-topics covered under Diversity of Living Organisms, Cell: Structure and Function, plant physiology and so. Thus, once the student gets an idea about the course, then they can go ahead and plan on how to prepare for the class and the assignments.

MP Board Class 11 Biology Syllabus 2020-2021 PDF

I Diversity of Living Organisms
II Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals
III Cell: Structure and Function
IV Plant Physiology
V Human Physiology

Download MP Board Class 11th Biology Syllabus 2019 PDF

Class 11th Biology Syllabus for MP Board 2019

I. Diversity in Living World


The diversity of living organisms.

Classification of the living organisms (five kingdom classification, major groups and principles

of classification within each kingdom).

Systematics and binomial system of nomenclature.

Salient features of animal (non-chordates up to phylum level, and chordates up to class level) and

plant (major groups; Angiosperms up to subclass) classification.

Botanical gardens, herbaria, zoological parks and museums.


Key points for developing subject matter


• The meaning of being ‘alive’.

• Living organisms show a very large diversity in form and structure ranging from unicellular to

very large multicellular well-differentiated bodies.

• For ease of study, they have been organized into categories and this is called classification.

• Principally, all living organisms can be placed in one or the other of five kingdoms.

• Each kingdom is further subdivided; there are several levels of the organisation, the lowest in the

hierarchy being the species.

• The Binomial system, literally ‘two names’, of classification is followed, where each organism

has a Latin generic name with a specific epithet.

• Zoological parks, Botanical gardens, Herbaria and Natural museums serve as Taxonomical aids.

Periods 25
II. Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants


Tissues in animals and plants.

Morphology, anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed.

Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of an annelid (earthworm), an insect (cockroach) and an amphibian (frog).


Key points for developing subject matter


• Light and electron microscopes are used as tools for the study of tissues, cells and cell


• Higher organisation of animals and plants is achieved through an assembly of thousands/millions

of cells into specialised tissues that in turn form organs and organ systems.

• The organisation of the living body shows the division of labour.

• Organisms show increasing complexity in structure and function as we move from the lower to the higher levels.

• Plants and animals exhibit a wide range of organisation from a simple level to the complex.

• Floral characteristics form the basis of classification and identification of Angiosperms. This

can be illustrated through semi-technical descriptions of families using suitable examples of

wild and cultivated plants.

• The structure of the animal body shows a wide range in morphology and anatomy.

Periods 30
III. Cell: Structure and Function


Cell: Cell wall, cell membrane and cell organelles (plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies/ dictyosomes, ribosomes, lysosomes, vacuoles, centrioles) and nuclear organisation.

Mitosis, meiosis, cell cycle.

Basic chemical constituents of living bodies.

Structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids

and nucleic acids.

Enzymes: Types, properties and function.


Key points for developing subject matter


• The cell organelles are designed to perform tasks such as synthesis, breakdown, respiration

and transport.

• Essential processes of cell division – mitosis and meiosis are similar in animals and plants.

• Living bodies contain different categories of micro and macro-molecules.

• Macromolecules are of four broad categories.

• Proteins, the major macro group besides providing structural support, mediate many

physiological functions like catalysis, defence, transport, and sensing.

• Enzymes are an important class of proteins responsible for all metabolic activities of the cell.

• Carbohydrates are major energy reserves, and also serve the function of providing structural

support to the majority of living organisms.

• Lipids serve as major components of membranes, as energy reserves and some hormones.

• The DNA has a double helical structure.

• Nucleic acids are the genetic material, and are responsible for determining the protein synthesis.

Periods 40
IV. Plant Physiology


Movement of water, food, nutrients and gases.

Plants and water.

Mineral nutrition.



Plant growth and development.


Key points for developing subject matter


• Cell to cell movement of water, food, gas and nutrients is dependent principally on concentration

gradients and diffusion.

• Substances are moved against a concentration gradient through active transport.

• The plants lose water through their stomata.

• Transport of water over larger distances in plants depends on transpiration pull.

• Root pressure is responsible for the movement of water up short distances and for guttation.

• Plants require a variety of mineral nutrients for their growth and development.

• Some plants are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen.

• Green plants use the C3 pathway to fix carbon dioxide and synthesize simple sugars in the presence of sunlight.

• Some plants have the C4 pathway.

• Sugars are oxidised by all living organisms to release energy.

• Some organisms derive energy from food anaerobically.

• This energy is trapped as ATP and utilised for all metabolic activities.

• Growth regulators regulate growth and development in plants.

Periods 40
V. Human Physiology


Digestion and absorption.

Breathing and respiration.

Body fluids and circulation.

Excretory products and elimination.

Locomotion and movement.

Control and coordination.


Key points for developing subject matter


• Food is broken down enzymatically in stages and nutrients absorbed as they pass through the

alimentary canal.

• The process of exchange of gases takes place at organ, tissue, cell and organelle levels leading

to oxidation of sugars in the cells.

• Gases, nutrients as well as waste products are transported in the body through the vascular system.

• The various components of the blood are involved in diverse functions.

• Metabolic wastes produced in the body are eliminated by excretory system.

• The kidneys play an important role in osmoregulation.

• Movement and locomotion involves interaction of the skeletal and muscular system; the skeleton

also protects many parts of the body.

• Control and coordination require functional integration of neural and endocrine systems in

the body.

• Sense organs are specialised to receive different stimuli and transmit them to the brain.

Periods 45

Students can also get more details about Class 11 of MP Board at BYJU’S.

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