MSBSHSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 8: Economy and Occupations Textbook Questions and Solutions are developed by subject matter experts after proper research. These chapterwise MSBSHSE SSC (Class 10) Solutions help students to study efficiently for the board exams. These solutions covering questions from Chapter 8 of Class 10 Social Science highlight all the key concepts of the chapter. Students are advised to answer these solutions of Geography so that they know how to answer the questions well. Knowing the questions will help students to boost their confidence level. This will also encourage them to perform well for the academic year and in the board exams.
MSBSHSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 8 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 8 Textbook Exercise Questions
1. Why has mining not developed in the western part of Brazil?
Answer: While the eastern part of Brazil is rich with several types of minerals. Iron ore, manganese, nickel, copper, bauxite, tungsten, diamonds and more, there are limitations in mining in the interior parts of the country. Mining has not developed in the western part of Brazil due to inaccessibility, lack of knowledge of potential reserves of resources and dense forests. Additionally, as a result of the demand in the country, mining work has developed well in the highland region.
2. Write about Agriculture in Brazil.
Answer: Agriculture is a major occupation of the people who live in the highlands and coastal areas of Brazil. The climate and the topography of these regions are also favourable to grow a variety of crops, the main of which are rice and maize. While production of maize is to a large extent concentrated in the central part, commercial crops such as coffee, cocoa, rubber, soybean and sugarcane are also cultivated on a large scale. Brazil is named the largest exporter of coffee and soybean globally. Other major states of Brazil that grow the coffee are Minas Gerais and São Paulo. Other than these crops, production of fruits like bananas, pineapples, oranges and other citrus fruits take place. Meanwhile, in the Savannah grasslands in the south, cattle, sheep and goats are also reared. Consequently, meat and dairy products are manufactured on a large scale.
3. What is Brazilian Currency?
Answer: The currency of Brazil is the Brazilian Real (BRL) and R$ is the symbol of this currency.
4. Which part of Brazil is a good fishing ground? Why?
Answer: Brazil consists of a sea coast of around 7,400 km with excellent fishing grounds located off the South Atlantic coast. It is the meeting of the warm Brazil Current and the cold Falkland current off the coast of Southeast Brazil that makes this region a good fishing ground. Traditionally, fishing was carried out by small groups of individual fishermen who used primitive techniques and equipment. However, at present, large vessels are being used. Fishes mainly caught include swordfish, shrimp, lobsters and sardines. However, fish resources of the Amazon River are not exploited much and fishing is only done on a small scale.
5. What makes India a strong base for Agriculture?
Answer: A major portion of India’s GDP is accounted for by agriculture, which also engages a larger chunk of the population. Nearly 60% of land in India are under cultivation. Factors such as its large expanse of level plains, rich soils, a high percentage of cultivable land, wide climatic variety, long growing season and so on make it a strong base for agriculture.
6. Write about Mining in India.
Answer: The big store house of different minerals in India is Chhota Nagpur plateau. Mining is also a chief occupation of the people in India. While coal is mined in Korba in Chattisgarh and in eastern Maharashtra, mineral oil wells are seen in Digboi in Assam, Mumbai High in Arabian Sea near Maharashtra, Kalol and Koyali in Gujarat. Also, reserves of mineral oil and natural gas were found at the mouth of the river Godavari. Meanwhile, stones such as marble are also found in Rajasthan and Cuddapah in Andhra Pradesh.
7. Which are the industries in Brazil?
Answer: Some key industries of Brazil include iron and steel production, automobile assembly, petroleum processing, chemicals production, and cement manufacture. While technology-based industries have been the most dynamic in recent years, they have not outpaced traditional industries. Meanwhile, food-processing such as sugar industries, cotton textiles, silk and woollen industries have all developed well. While most of the large industry is concentrated in the south and Southeast, the Northeast is traditionally the poorest part of Brazil. However, this part is also beginning to attract new investments.
8. What does Brazil, mainly export and import?
Answer: The products that Brazil, mainly exports includes iron ore, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugar, tobacco, oranges and bananas. Additionally, it also imports machinery, chemical products, fertilisers, wheat, heavy vehicles, mineral oil and lubricants.