MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science solutions of Chapter 4 are of great help, while preparing for the annual exam. Students should go through these solutions to get an idea of all types of questions that can be framed in the examination. The MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of Political Science are useful for students from the exam point of view. The United Nations, an international organisation were established to ensure peace and security at the international level.
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 4 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 4 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.
(1) This country is not a permanent member of United Nations Security Council –
(2) This international organisation conducts workshops in India on remedial measures to tackle the problem of malnutrition among children-
(c) Trusteeship Council
(3) The number of members of the United Nations-
Answer 1: This country is not a permanent member of United Nations Security Council Germany.
Answer 2: This international organisation conducts workshops in India on remedial measures to tackle the problem of malnutrition among children UNICEF.
Answer 3: The number of members of the United Nations 193.
Q2. Explain with reasons whether the following statements are true or false.
(1) The United Nations General Assembly is a platform to discuss global problems.
(2) The status of all the member nations of the United Nations is not equal.
(3) A resolution can be passed even if China exercises its veto power.
(4) India has played a major role in the work of the United Nations.
Answer 1: The statement is true. The United Nations General Assembly is a platform to discuss global problems such as environmental problems, disarmament etc.
Answer 2: The statement is false. The status of all the member nations of the United Nations is equal. They are not discriminated against on the grounds of economy, geographical location, etc.
Answer 3: The statement is false. For resolution to pass there must be assent of all the permanent members.
Answer 4: The statement is true. India played a major role in the work of United Nations by bringing up issues like decolonization, disarmament, racial segregation.
Q3. Explain the following concepts.
Answer 1: Veto -There are 15 members on the Security Council. Of them, five are permanent members, while ten are non-permanent members. The non-permanent members are chosen every two years by the General Assembly. America, Russia, England, France and China are permanent members of the Security Council. They have the veto power. For any decision to be taken, the assent of all five permanent members and four non-permanent members are necessary. If even one of the five permanent member uses his veto i.e. gives a negative vote, the decision cannot be taken.
Answer 2: UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is an affiliated organisation of the United Nations. It works towards making nutritious food and health care available to children. Several workshops were organised in India to find out measures to overcome malnutrition among babies and children.
Q4. Answer the following questions in brief.
(1) Write the reasons for the establishment of the United Nations.
(2) What is the role of the Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations.
(3) Write the objectives of the United Nations.
Answer 1: The League of Nations was established after the First World War and the United Nations was established after the Second World War out of a realisation that there has to be a mechanism to establish world peace. The League of Nations did not succeed at all. But after the use of the nuclear weapons in the Second World War, the idea took root that such destructive wars should be stopped. It is the collective responsibility of all nations to do so. The United Nations was established after the Second World War to instill this understanding among all nations.
Answer 2: The peacekeeping activity of the United Nations involves creating appropriate circumstances, favourable for bringing about permanent peace in strife-torn areas. The peacekeeping forces help these areas to progress towards peace. In conflict-ridden areas, security is provided and at the same time, help is extended for establishing peace.
Answer 3: The objectives of the United Nations are as follows:
- To establish friendly relations among nations.
- To enhance international security by solving international disputes.
- To safeguard and foster human rights and freedom.
- The United Nations also aims at enhancing economic cooperation at the international level.
Q5. Do as directed.
(1) Complete the following chart giving information about the organs of the United Nations.
|No.||Organ||Number of members||Functions|
|1||United Nations General Assembly|
|3||International Court of Justice|
|4||Economic and Social Council|
|No.||Organ||Number of members||Functions|
|1||United Nations General Assembly||193||Make policy decisions on issues of global importance|
|15||Maintain International Peace and Security|
|3||International Court of Justice||15||To settle the disputes between two or more member nations of the United Nations|
|4||Economic and Social Council||54||Coordinate the economic and social policies of the United Nations.|
(2) Show the chronology of the establishment of the United Nations.
Answer: 14th August 1941 – The Atlantic Treaty was signed between the Prime Minister of England Sir Winston Churchill and American President Franklin D Roosevelt
1944 and 1945 – Draft of the treaty to establish an international organisation was prepared.
24th October 1945 – The charter got signed and the United Nations was established.
(3) Complete the following tree diagram about the United Nations.
Answer: The United Nations is headquartered in New York City.
Major Organs of the UN:
(1) General Assembly
(2) Security Council
(3) Economic and Social Council
(4) International Court of Justice
(5) Trusteeship Council
1. International Labour Organisation (ILO)
2. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
3. World Health Organisation (WHO)
4. World Bank (WB)
5. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
6. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
7. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)