MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 5: India and other Countries Textbook Questions and Solutions

MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science solutions of Chapter 5 can be accessed free of cost from our BYJU’S website. These solutions will help students improve their knowledge and clear their doubts. Students should keep these MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of Political Science handy so that they can refer to them whenever they find any difficulty solving the questions. Subject matter experts have prepared these solutions after thorough analysis of the chapter.

MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 5 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions

MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 5 Textbook Exercise Questions

Q1. Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.

(1) The country that has a free international border with India –

(a) Pakistan

(b) Bangladesh

(c) Nepal

(d) Myanmar

(2) The countries that have tensed relations with India –

(a) Pakistan and China.

(b) Nepal and Bhutan

(c) Myanmar and Maldives

(d) Afghanistan and America.

(3) Factors that have an influence on the relations between India and Pakistan –

(a) Difference in the world view of both the countries.

(b) Kashmir issue

(c) Nuclear Rivalry

(d) All of the above

Answer 1: (c) Nepal.

Answer 2: (a) Pakistan and China.

Answer 3: (d) All of the above.

Q2. Explain with reasons whether the following statements are true or false.

(1) India has an important position among the South Asian countries.

(2) Sino-Indian relations are friendly.

(3) India sent a peacekeeping force to help the Sri Lankan government.

Answer 1: The statement is true. In the subcontinent of India, it is the biggest country in terms of land.

Answer 2: The statement is false as India and China had conflicts over the Aksai Chin area and Macmohan line in Arunachal Pradesh. China also wanted to control Tibet, which led to major disagreements.

Answer 3: The statement is true. India sent a peacekeeping force to help the Sri Lankan government when the country faced internal conflict between the Tamils and the Sri Lankan government after 1985.

Q3. Complete the following chart.

No. Treatise/Exchanges Countries
1 India-Pak
2 Mcmahon Line
3 India-Bangladesh
4 Import of natural gas
5 India-America
6 Infrastructure development,

Communication, health

7 India-Africa


No. Treatise/Exchanges Countries
1 Shimla Agreement and Tashkent Agreement India-Pak
2 Macmahon Line India-China
3 Treaties over river water sharing and the border India-Bangladesh
4 Import of natural gas India-Myanmar
5 Civil Nuclear Agreement India-America
6 Infrastructure development,

Communication, health

7 Summit Conference of India and America India-Africa

Q4. Write short notes:

(1) Shimla Agreement

(2) Indo-Nepalese friendship treaty

(3) Mcmahon Line

(4) Indo-Afghanistan Relations

Answer 1: Shimla Agreement – The Shimla Agreement was signed between Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on 2 July, 1972 at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. The Shimla Agreement (also called the Shimla Accord or Shimla Treaty), signed between the premiers of India and Pakistan. It was a treaty that laid out the principles which would govern the future bilateral relations between the two countries.

Answer 2: Indo-Nepalese friendship treaty – The foundation of friendship between India and Nepal was laid with Indo-Nepalese Friendship Treaty in 1950. According to this treaty, Nepalese citizens can not only enter India, but they are also permitted to take up government jobs and carry on trade in India.

Answer 3: Mcmohan Line – The Border dispute between India and China is related to Aksai Chin area and the Macmahon line. China claims that the area south of Aksai Chin and Macmahon line (Arunachal Pradesh) is Chinese Territory. China is not willing to agree that Macmahon Line is an international border.

Answer 4: Indo-Afghanistan Relations – There is a lot of political instability in Afghanistan. The dominance of the terrorist organisation Taliban is responsible for this. India has extended help to bring peace, security and stability, curb violence and establish a democratic government. Similarly, India is also helping Afghanistan in reestablishing communication facilities that have been destroyed due to war, build roads, cooperate in the fields of science and technology and build schools, health facilities and irrigation projects.

Q5. Answer the following questions in brief.

(1) Explain the background of cooperative relations between India and America.

(2) Give some information about the efforts taken by India for the establishment of democracy in neighbouring countries with examples.

(3) What is the role of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation?

Answer 1: The tension between India and America started when India conducted nuclear tests in 1998. Many rounds of discussions took place after that to improve the relations. Through these rounds of talks, America came to believe that India will use its nuclear weapons with responsibility. This completely transformed the Indo-American relations. The Civil Nuclear Agreement signed in 2005 that was approved by the U.S. Congress in 2008 was an important landmark in Indo-American relations. In the last five years, cordial relations of cooperation in different areas have developed between India and America.

Answer 2: The values of equality and mutual respect have a great importance in India’s foreign policy. India has established relations with neighbouring countries on the basis of these values. Some of the examples are: Bangladesh – India helped Bangladesh in its freedom struggle. Bangladesh was formed in 1971. Some treaties were signed between India and Bangladesh about sharing river waters and some regarding the shared border, which put an end to the conflict between them. Now trade relations between the two countries are growing.

Sri Lanka – India has friendly relations with the southern neighbour Sri Lanka. Political instability in Sri Lanka after 1985 was a result of the differences between the Tamils and the Sri Lankan Government. At that time India had sent a peacekeeping force to help the Sri Lankan government. Friendly relations with Sri Lanka are important from the point of view of security in the Indian Ocean.

Bhutan: India bears the responsibility of the defence of Bhutan. Bhutan has a huge source of water. India has cooperated in the project to produce hydel power on a large scale using this source.

Answer 3: SAARC is a regional organisation established by the South Asian countries in 1985. The aim of this organisation is to encourage economic cooperation between South Asian nations and thereby achieve the development of the South Asian region. The organisation of SAARC is a platform for South Asian countries to come together and discuss common questions and interests. Some common interests of South Asian countries are alleviation of poverty, development of agriculture and technological revolution.

Q6. Give your own opinion about:

(1) What remedies would you suggest in order to reduce the tensions in the relations between India and Pakistan?

(2) Do you agree with the statement: ‘Hurdles are created in the way of internal development due to tense relations of India with neighbouring countries.’ Explain with reasons.

(3) Do you think that strong healthy relations of India with America are conducive to India’s economic development?

Answer 1: We can reduce the tensions in the relations between India and Pakistan by doing the following points.

  • Resume the dialogue and solve all the outstanding issues including Kashmir peacefully.
  • Regular meetings between the heads of government and army of both the nations.
  • Regular meetings both political and non-political between the youth of both the countries.
  • Individuals and politicians on both sides should stop giving provoking statements.
  • All the media houses should be closed which provoke people on both sides. Rather the media should play a bridging role between the two.
  • Cricket and all other sports activities should be resumed.
  • The ban on artists should be lifted.

Answer 2: According to the question “The statement hurdles are created in the way of the internal development due to Intense relations of India with neighboring countries.”

This statement is completely true. Due to the intense relationship with some neighboring countries like Pakistan, the warzone environment always takes place in the border areas of the two countries. This is a hindrance of national development in both countries.

Answer 3: Yes, strong healthy relations of India with America are conducive to India’s economic development.

  • With the help of technological development in America, India can promote their own facilities.
  • For Indian citizens, there will be numerous opportunities related to education and jobs.
  • India can strengthen its defense from the military technology of America.

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