MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 10: Urbanisation Textbook Questions and Solutions

MSBSHSE solutions of Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 10 are the best study material for those who want to hold a strong grasp in the concepts. These solutions are designed after thorough analysis of the chapter and it is the most authentic resource for the students to revise. These MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of Geography Chapter 10 are prepared meticulously and students use it to clear any doubts. Students should solve these solutions regularly without fail.

MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 10 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions

MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 10 Textbook Exercise Questions

Q 1. Suggest measures for the following problems:

(A) The slums in the cities are increasing.

(B) Because of the increasing traffic jams within the city, lot of time is consumed in commuting.

(C) The question of law and order in the urban areas is serious.

(D) The problem of pollution is grave because of urbanisation.

(E) Migration has created questions of health and education in urban areas.

Answer A: The slums in the cities are increasing

  • Power and energy resources to be made available in rural areas which will bring the migration rate down.
  • Poverty elimination schemes to be implemented effectively and making job opportunities available in the rural areas.

Answer B: Because of the increasing traffic jams within the city, lot of time is consumed in commuting.

  • Carpooling, use of public transport.
  • Demarcating the road sections for bicycles.
  • Prompt action against illegal hawkers.

Answer C: The urban areas require strict measure of law and order. There are people from diverse backgrounds who are part of the urban population. The law and order is needed to stop any form of clashes, inter group conflicts and other criminal activities.

Answer D: The problem of pollution is grave because of urbanisation because in cities there are lots of people making pollution such as throwing garbage here and there, using their own transport other than the pooling system. These are some of the points.

Answer E: Migration has created questions of health and education in urban areas.

  • Due to migration there are so many kinds of problems people have to face from illness and their education may also be lost.
  • The second thing is that the schools have a limited number of seats available for admission which deprived many from education.
  • The hospitals which provide five star treatment are restricted for the poors. They also don’t have enough place for other people who are in need of treatment because of being heavily populated.

Q 2. Match the correct pairs:

Group A

Group B

Technological development and mechanisation

Urban areas

Permanently staying away from your original place

Lack of planning

75% males are engaged in non-agricultural occupation

Migration

The problems of solid waste

Urbanisation

Answer:

Group A

Group B

Technological development and mechanisation

Urban areas

Permanently staying away from your original place

Migration

75% males are engaged in non-agricultural occupation

Urbanisation

The problems of solid waste

Lack of planning

Q 3. Outline the importance/ advantages of the following:

(A) Technology and mechanisation

(B) Trade

(C) Industrialisation

(D) Amenities in urban areas

(E) Social harmony in the cities

Answer A: Advantages of technology and mechanization:

  • Technology enhances the method of working by reducing labor and increasing output.
  • Mechanization helps in bringing down the efforts required to accomplish a task.
  • Technology makes the workplace safer and makes the work less complex.
  • Mechanization adds efficiency to the system and makes it more reliable.
  • Technology helps in the value addition of the product by making it more durable and promising.
  • Mechanization allows undertaking big jobs that would otherwise be impossible to be carried out.

Answer B: The importance of trade is outlined in the following points:

  • Trade favors the distribution of commodities and services over large areas.
  • It generates opportunities to fetch financial profits.
  • An increase in trade results in the growth of business.
  • Trade allows in maintaining access to resources for all.

Answer C: Importance of Industrialisation are:

  • Industrialization has created employment. Industries employ people who work as skilled labour.
  • Through employment, people are able to work and earn money hence increase in living standards
  • Industries manufacture or process raw materials into finished products that help people.
  • Industrialization triggers innovations and inventions, hence more efficient products.

Answer D: The amenities in urban areas include:

  • Due to the presence of vehicles, there is adequate transportation of people from one part of the city to the other part.
  • There are better means of communication for people in urban areas.
  • A large number of hospitals and nursing homes gives a lot of scope for the health care system.

Answer E: Social harmony in the cities.

  • Social harmony is a term that is used for maintaining equal human rights, dignity, and self-determination in between all communities and cultures of different cities, or states or countries.
  • When there is a social harmony between various cities or states, the high level of economic security, physical stability, emotional security, and equitable ownership can be achieved.
  • With the help of social harmony, threats of crime, disease relief, fire protection and other emergency services can be assured to the citizens.

Q 4. Compare the following and give examples:

(A) Transportation system and traffic jams

(B) Industrialisation and air pollution

(C) Migration and slums

(D) Amenities and increasing crime

Answer A: Transportation system and traffic jams

  • Both are interlinked.
  • As cities grow, people start living in the outskirts and suburbs of the city.
  • Public transportation system is not sufficient and hence the number of private vehicles increases.
  • This leads to an increase in traffic jams and travelling time increases significantly.

Answer B: Industrialisation and air pollution

Industrialization has led to pollution.

Pollution is a major problem in the cities.

It has adverse effects on urban life.

Air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution are clearly visible.

As cities grow, pollution also increases.

Answer C: Migration and slums

Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location. The movement is often over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible; indeed, this is the dominant form globally.

A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.

Answer D: Amenities and increasing crime

There is a widely held belief that improving the community environment will decrease crime rates. Cultural amenities such as libraries, museums or theaters are expected to reduce crime by spurring development in neighborhoods. Amenities like parking lots and hospitals are related to higher crime rates, while other amenities such as retail stores, restaurants, bars, and schools do not have a significant effect on crime rates.

Q 5. Complete the table:

Process of urbanisation

Effects

Emergence of slums

Illegal settlements

Insufficient facilities

Increase in population because of attraction of good lifestyle

Can be short-term or long-term

Pollution

Employment opportunities were generated

Increase in amenities and facilities

Change from rural to urban

Answer:

Process of urbanisation

Effects

Emergence of slums

Illegal settlements

Insufficient facilities

Migration

Increase in population because of attraction of good lifestyle

Can be short-term or long-term

Pollution

Air Pollution linked to premature death

Water Pollution causes diarrhea like cholera and typhoid

Mechanization and Technology

Employment opportunities were generated

Increase in amenities and facilities

Change from rural to urban

Industrialization and Urbanization

Q 6. Explain:

(A) The growth of cities takes place in a specific method.

(B) A planned city of your imagination

(C) Industrialisation causes cities to develop.

(D) Pollution- A problem

(E) Swachchh Bharat Abhiyan

Answer A: Agriculture is believed to be a prerequisite for cities, which help preserve surplus production and create economies of scale. A good environment and strong social organization are two necessities for the formation of a successful city. A good environment includes clean water and a favorable climate for growing crops and agriculture. A strong sense of social organization helps a newly formed city work together in times of need, and it allows people to develop various functions to assist in the future development of the city.

Answer B: Cities are the most modern place for living in our society. We can avail every modern facility in the city easily due to the modernization of science and technology. A dream city of anyone should consist of these features:

  • The whole layout of the city is planned in a scientific way.
  • All facilities are easily available due to modernization
  • Pollution is also minimised due to the implementation of eco friendly technologies.

Answer C: The development and concentration of industries in a region is a factor contributing

towards urbanisation. Increase in industries leads to increase in the hopes of people who are attracted towards these industries from surrounding areas. This increases the speed of urbanisation. In the 19th century, Mumbai grew rapidly because textile mills started on a large scale in Mumbai. Many villages, which were originally fishing villages (koliwadas), became part

of Mumbai metropolitan area because of industrialisation and urbanisation.

Answer D: Pollution is a major problem in the cities. It has adverse effects on urban life. Air pollution, noise pollution and water pollution are clearly visible. Increase in the development of the city, paucity of facilities and breaking of laws makes pollution a big problem. As cities grow, pollution also increases.

Answer E: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is a nation-wide campaign in India for the period 2014 to 2019 that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India’s cities, towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use.

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