India became independent in 1947 ce. India accepted the constitutional framework in 1950 and became a sovereign democratic nation. The Indian society is multicultural and people of various languages, religions, ethnicities and castes live together. MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 explains all the concepts which are important from the exam perspective. Solving these questions reduces fear among students appearing for the annual exam. The topics covered in these MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions are a stepping stone to score well in the exam.
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. (A) Choose the right option and rewrite the sentences.
(1) The Prime Minister of India who took an initiative in resolving the question of the Tamil minority in Sri Lanka was ………… .
(a) Rajiv Gandhi
(b) Indira Gandhi
(c) H. D. Devegowda
(d) P. V. Narasimha Rao
(2) ………. is the father of the Green Revolution in India.
(a) D. R. Verghese Kurien
(b) Homi Bhabha
(c) M. S. Swaminathan
(d) Dr Norman Borlaug.
Answer 1: The Prime Minister of India who took an initiative in resolving the question of the Tamil minority in Sri Lanka was Rajiv Gandhi.
Answer 2: M. S. Swaminathan is the father of the Green Revolution in India
(B) Identify the wrong pair.
(1) Indira Gandhi – Emergency
(2) Rajiv Gandhi – Development in Science and Technology
(3) P. V. Narasimha Rao – Economic improvements
(4) Chandrashekhar – Mandal Commission.
Answer B: Chandrashekhar – Mandal Commission is the wrong pair. The Mandal Commission was established on 1 January 1979 under the then Prime Minister Morarji Desai.
2. (A) Based on the information in the chapter, prepare a chronological chart of Prime Ministers and their tenure.
Answer A: The names of Honorable Prime Ministers and their tenure are mentioned below.
i. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. 15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964.
ii. Lal Bahadur Shastri. 9 June 1964 – 11 January 1966.
iii. Indira Gandhi. 24 January 1966 – 24 March 1977 and 14 January 1980 – 31st October 1984
Iv. Rajiv Gandhi. 31st October 1984 – 2 December 1989
v. Vishwanath Pratap Singh. 2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
vi. Chandra Shekhar. 10 November 1990 – 21 June 1991
vii. P.V. Narasimha Rao. 21 June 1991 – 16 May 1996
viii. Atal Bihari Vajpayee. 19 March 1998 – 22 May 2004
ix. H.D. Devegowda. 1 June 1996 – 21 April 1997
x. Inder Kumar Gujral. 21 April 1997 – 19 March 1998
(B) Identify the wrong pair and rewrite the corrected one.
(2) White Revolution
Answer B: The right pair is Green Revolutions and White Revolution.
Q3. (A) Give reasons.
(1) The Morarji Desai government lasted for short while.
(2) The army had to be sent into the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
(3) The National Planning Commission was set up in India.
Answer 1: On the backdrop of the emergency, many opposition parties came together and formed a party called the Janata Party. The Congress party led by Indira Gandhi was roundly defeated by this newly formed ‘Janata Party’. Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister, but under his leadership the Janata Party government couldn’t last long due to internal differences. Charan Singh succeeded him, but even his government was a short-lived one. Elections were conducted once again in 1980 and the Congress party under the leadership of Indira Gandhi came to power again.
Answer 2: The Sikhs in Punjab demanded an independent state of Khalistan and began a movement which went on to become violent and destructive. Pakistan had lent its support to this movement. The Indian army was sent into the Golden Temple at Amritsar, a holy shrine of the Sikhs in 1984, to evict the terrorists who had allegedly taken shelter there. During this time, one of the Sikh bodyguards in Indira Gandhi’s personal security assassinated her.
Answer 3: Right from independence, the modernisation of economy, economic self-sufficiency and social justice have been the characteristics of Indian economy. India wanted to acquire modernity and self-reliance by establishing industries. We wanted to establish an economy based on social justice through planning. The National Planning Commission was established that would coordinate development through the policy of Five Year Plans.
(B) Answer the following questions in 25 to 30 words.
(1) How was 1991 a year of important changes in the history of the world and of India ?
(2) What are the characteristics of the Indian economy?
Answer 1: The year 1991 is held to be very important in the history of the world as well as India. The Soviet Union disintegrated into several different small countries and the Cold War came to an end. In India, the Government under the leadership of Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao initiated many changes in the Indian economy. During this period, the Ram Janmabhumi and Babri Mosque issue at Ayodhya came to the forefront.
Answer 2: Right from independence, the modernisation of economy, economic self-sufficiency and social justice have been the characteristics of Indian economy. India wanted to acquire modernity and self-reliance by establishing industries.