In this chapter, we are going to learn about some internal challenges that India faces. We shall discuss some internal challenges like separatist movements, issues of north-east India, naxalism, communalism and regionalism. Solving the textbook questions help students work miracles when it comes to scoring well in the Class 9 Social Science exam. Students who wish to ace the annual exams are advised to practise the MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of History regularly. MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 are the best study material for students to prepare for their annual exams.
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. Write briefly.
(1) Which demands were put forward through the ‘Anandpur Sahib resolution’ by the Akali Dal?
(2) What can we do to end communalism?
(3) When does regionalism become strong?
Answer 1: Akali Dal was the major political party in Punjab. In 1973, the Akali Dal passed the ‘Aanandpur Sahib Resolution’. The following demands were made in this resolution: Chandigarh should be made part of Punjab, the Punjabi speaking parts in other States should be included in the State of Punjab, recruitment of people from Punjab in the Indian army should be increased, and more autonomy should be given to the State of Punjab. Akali Dal came to power in Punjab in 1977. While taking charge, they asked for a larger share of river waters for Punjab, ‘holy city’ status for Amritsar, etc. along with their old demands.
Answer 2: Trust between people is the basis of coexistence. If trust breaks, social unity receives a blow. Hence, it is necessary that we all counter this religious communalism with all our strength. For this we should mix with people of different religions. We should accept the good practices and ideas of each other. We should be able to look at and understand our economic and social problems rationally. We should not mix these questions with religion. We should search for the economic, political or historical reasons that are responsible for disturbing religious harmony. This is the only way to put an end to communalism and strengthen national unity.
Answer 3: Regionalism thrives on regional imbalance in development. In the post independence period, some States achieved more progress, while some States remained backward. For example, States like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Tamil Nadu developed economically and industrially; whereas States like Odisha, Bihar, Assam, remained undeveloped economically and industrially. Economic development and reforms are the foundation of progress. As a result, the States that develop economically can also achieve progress in other areas like education, health and culture. The States which have not developed in this manner remain backward in education and civic amenities.
Q2. Explain the following concepts in your own words.
Answer 1: Communalism is a serious threat to the unity of our country. Communalism emerges out of narrow religious pride. The British sowed the seeds of communalism in our country. People of different religions have happily lived together since many centuries. There is nothing wrong in people of different religions living together in a country while being duly proud of their own religion. But when this pride becomes excessive, then it turns into bigotry. Each one then begins to consider their religion superior and others’ inferior. This leads to religious fanaticism. Fanaticism is the base of communalism. Fanaticism makes the perspective of looking at events and people prejudiced.
Answer 2: Regionalism means having excessive pride about one’s region. It is one thing to introduce oneself as a Bengali or a Marathi person. But if I think that because I am a Bengali or a Marathi, I am superior to others from other provinces; it can be termed as excessive regional pride. The love for one’s province turns morbid due to this kind of an excessive regional pride. It is natural to feel love for one’s province, but it should not become abnormal. Regionalism thrives on regional imbalance in development. In the post independence period, some States achieved more progress, while some States remained backward. Regionalism can affect developed as well as undeveloped States.
Q3. Give reasons.
(1) It became necessary to carry out the ‘Operation Blue Star’.
(2) We should fight communalism with all our strength.
Answer 1: The main task of getting the terrorists out of the Golden Temple was entrusted to Major General Kuldeep Singh Brar. On the morning of 3rd June 1984, the mission ‘Operation Blue Star’ started. The Operation ended on 6th June. In this military operation, the Indian army functioned with great restraint. The operation ended with the death of Bhindranwale and other terrorists. In 1986, an operation had to be conducted against terrorists in the Golden Temple once more. It was called ‘Operation Black Thunder’. After this action was taken, the process of establishment of peace in Punjab picked up momentum.
Answer 2: We should fight communalism because people of different religions don’t trust each other. They become suspicious of each other. Compatriots following different religions are looked at as enemies. Even commonality or coming together on festivals become rare. As a result, it becomes difficult for everybody to come together and get organised for their demands and rights as citizens. Hence it is necessary that we all counter this religious communalism with all our strength. For this we should mix with people of different religions. We should accept the good practices and ideas of each other. We should be able to look at and understand our economic and social problems rationally. We should not mix these questions with religion. We should search for the economic, political or historical reasons that are responsible for disturbing religious harmony. This is the only way to put an end to communalism and strengthen national unity.
Q4. Write the full forms.
Answer 1: MNF – Mizo National Front
Answer 2: NNC – Naga National Council.
Answer 3: PLGA – People’s Liberation Guerilla Army
Q5. What is Naxalite Movement and the objectives of the movement?
Answer: This movement started at Naxalbari in Darjeeling district in West Bengal. The Naxalites organised the small land holding farmers and land labourers and took charge of their lands, put up red flags and declared that area as free territory in 1967. All those movements that took inspiration from this rebellion are called Naxalite movements. The movement had the objectives of establishing Action Committees to raise a voice against the exploitation of the farmers by the landlords and confiscate the land of the landlords and distribute it among the tenants.
Q6. Discuss the north-eastern state of Assam.
Answer: In 1983, there was intense agitation staged by All Assam Students Union and Assam Ganasangram Parishad over the question of the dominance in Assam of Bengali migrants. In 1985, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, Central Home Minister Shankarrao Chavan and Assamese leader Prafullakumar Mahanta signed an Accord. It was decided to send the Bangladeshi citizens who had infiltrated in Assam back to their original places. In 1986, elections were held for Assam Legislative Assembly and Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, of the Asom Gana Parishad, became the new Chief Minister. Due to this democratic process, it became possible to establish peace in Assam.