In this chapter, we are going to gather some information about industry and trade in India in the post-independence period. After India became independent, the Industrial Finance Corporation of India was established in 1948 with the purpose of making available long term loans to industrial projects. Similarly the Industrial Development Corporation was established in 1954 in order to bring about greater development of the industrial sector. These MSBSHSE Class 9 solutions of Social Science History Chapter 8 will provide students with ample number of questions to practice. It helps students to clear their doubts so that they can face their exam confidently.
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 8 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions
MSBSHSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 8 Textbook Exercise Questions
Q1. (A) Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.
(1) In 1948, Industrial Finance Corporation of India was formed for ………. .
(a) better development of the industrial sector.
(b) making available long term loans to industrial projects.
(c) generating employment
(d) determining the quality of finished goods.
(2) ………. industry in India is called the ‘Sunrise Sector’.
(d) Khadi and village industries
(3) The major responsibility of the textiles committee is ………. .
(a) Production of cloth
(b) Determining the quality standards of cloth
(c) Export of cloth
(d) Generate employment for people
(4) ………… is the major Indian city in the production of bicycles.
Answer 1: In 1948, Industrial Finance Corporation of India was formed for making available long term loans to industrial projects.
Answer 2: Automobile industry in India is called the ‘Sunrise Sector’.
Answer 3: The major responsibility of the textiles committee is determining the quality standards of cloth.
Answer 4: Ludhiana is the major Indian city in the production of bicycles.
B. Identify the wrong pair and rewrite the corrected one.
(1) Industrial Finance Corporation of India – makes long term loans available for industrial projects.
(2) Industrial Development Corporation development of the industrial sector.
(3) Textiles Committee – welfare of weavers.
(4) Khadi and Village Industries Commission – promotion of industrialisation in rural areas.
Answer B: Textiles Committee – welfare of weavers is the wrong pair because the Textiles Committee was constituted to set quality standards to manufacture textiles for sale in the global market.
Q2. (A) Create a concept picture based on the chapter.
(1) Industries in India.
Answer 1: Industries in India.
(B) Explain the following concept.
(1) The internal trade of India
Answer 1: India’s internal trade takes place via railways, waterways, roads, airways, etc. Ports like Mumbai, Kolkata, Cochin and Chennai are important. Commodities like coal, cotton, cotton textiles, rice, wheat, raw jute, iron, steel, oilseeds, salt, sugar, etc. are included in internal trade. Due to the development of industries, the standard of life in the country improves. Many opportunities for employment become available. On the whole, it helps in the progress of the country.
Q3. (A) Explain with reasons.
(1) The tourism industry has developed a lot in India.
(2) The quality of life and standard of living of Indian citizens is increasing.
Answer 1: India has a rich cultural heritage. There are places of worship of different religions, pilgrimage centers, confluences of rivers, forts, caves, etc. all over our country. Tourists from our country as well as from abroad travel in India throughout the year. The facilities for tourists to stay, travel, etc. are provided through the Tourism Development Corporation. Sale of curios and the hotel industry thrives in tourist places.
In some places, there are guides who give information to tourists about that area. Sometimes when vehicles don’t reach the destination in some remote and difficult to reach tourist places, the local people help the tourists in return for a fee. Employment opportunities are generated out of these needs.
Answer 2: The quality of life and standard of living of Indian citizens have improved tremendously due to development of trade, commerce and industries. More employment opportunities has become available across various sections of the society and growth of tourism has helped sustain and promote India’s unique handicraft culture.
(B) Write answers in 25 to 30 words.
(1) What efforts are made by our government to promote agricultural industries?
(2) How is employment generated in the tourism sector ?
(3) Which industries in India are based on forests ?
(4) Write a short note on the leather industry in India.
Answer 1: The efforts made by our government to promote agricultural industries are as follows:
- In order to encourage farming, loans are given to farmers through rural banks and cooperative institutions.
- Study visits, agricultural outdoor trips and farmers’ get-togethers are organised through the Panchayat Samitis to bring about improvements in agriculture.
- Tools and implements, seeds and fertilisers are also supplied.
- The farmers are given training regarding soil testing, nursery of fruit plants, pisciculture, poultry, cattle and goat rearing, dairy farming, etc.
- Guidance is given to farmers by a district-level training institute.
- Financial help is given to build warehouses for storing the farm produce.
Answer 2: India has a rich cultural heritage. There are places of worship of different religions, pilgrimage centers, confluences of rivers, forts, caves, etc. all over our country. Tourists from our country as well as from abroad travel in India throughout the year. In some places, there are guides who give information to tourists about that area. Sometimes when vehicles don’t reach the destination in some remote and difficult to reach tourist places, the local people help the tourists in return for a fee. Employment opportunities are generated out of these needs.
Answer 3: Government has reserved some forests for the industries based on forests. The task of conservation of the forests is done by the central government, the State government and by the local people. Forests are necessary for the raw material for industries like construction, paper, newsprint, silk, matchboxes, medicinal herbs, honey, lacquer and raw material needed for paint.
Answer 4: Leather industry is a big industry in India. It is primarily export-oriented. India ranks second in terms of footwear and leather garment production. Kanpur city in Uttar Pradesh is most famous for it’s fine quality leather.
Q4. Complete the table.
|Goods imported in India|
|Goods exported from India|
|Goods imported in India||Machines, Iron, Mineral Oil, Fertilizers, Medicines, etc|
|Goods exported from India||Leather, Bicycle, Tractors, Tea, Coffee, Sugar, Cotton Textiles, Pearls, Precious stones, etc.|