Equilibrium or classical thermodynamics is primarily about learning the macroscopic properties of equilibrium matter. A detailed description of the equilibrium will be provided later; in this case, it is sufficient to define it as a time-independent state, like a column of resting air, in the absence of any flow of matter , energy, charge or momentum. Thermodynamics has also applied by adding equilibrium to the concept of reversible processes; they form a special class of idealized systems , called a continuum sequence of equilibrium states. The most precise concentration values of the components of a reaction mixture that be calculated for the state of chemical equilibrium. Therefore, the chemical equilibrium state refers to the minimum thermodynamic potential with respect to the chemical structure which is the number of molecules of one form into another.
1. Could BF3 acidity be clarified using one of the following concepts?
- Arrhenius concept
- Bronstead Lowery concept
- Lewis concept
- Bronstead Lowery as well as Lewis concept
2. What will be the value of pH of 0.01 mol dm-3 CH3COOH (Ka = 1.74 x 10-5)
3. Which of the following options will be correctly for the stage of half completion of the reaction A ⇌ B
- Go = 0
- Go > 0
- Go < 0
- Go = – RT ln 2
4. What should be the correct order of the gas, acetone and ether vapor concentration at 30oC. Considering that water has a maximum boiling point among these compounds, and that ether has a minimum boiling point?
- water > ether > acetone
- water < acetone < ether
- ether < acetone < water
- acetone < ether < water
5. What is the pH of the resulting solution when equal volumes of 0.1M NaOH and 0.01M HCl are mixed?
6. Which one of the following species cannot act as both Bronstead acid and base?
7. Which of the following salts will give the highest pH in water?
8. Aqueous solution of NH4Cl is
- none of these
9. For acidic solution
- pH = 7
- pH < 7
- pH > 7
- None of these
10. The oxidation number of Cr in K2CrO4 is