Democracy and Local Administration

The country in which we all are living is a democratic country. Our country India is the biggest democracy in the world.

Democracy is a system in which the government is able to solve the problems of the public, and is answerable to the people.

In this chapter, let us learn more about democracy and the essential elements of democracy.

What is Democracy?

Democracy is a popular system of administration.

Democracy is defined as the rule of the people, for the people and by the people.

India has a parliamentary form of government.

Democracy lays emphasis on independence, equality, justice and brotherhood.

For ages, there has been a democracy in India. In those days, Kings of the respective kingdoms served the people, which had the same objective of democracy.

Britain is known as the mother of democracy, and it is because modern democracy began from Britain, and it has a parliamentary form of democracy.

Due to British rule in India, the seeds of British democracy were sown in India.

Elements of Democracy

There are some fundamental elements of democracy, and without these elements, there is no democracy, and we cannot think about it..

The essential elements of democracy are:

  • Rule of Constitution and Law
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Universal Adult Franchise
  • Political Parties
  • Independent and Free Election Process
  • Media and other Means of Communication.

Stay tuned to BYJU’S for more information on NIOS, syllabus, notes, along with its important questions and solutions.


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