Social, Economics and Political Systems after the Mauryas

The Maurya dynasty ended after King Brihadirath. His army commander killed him.

After the Maurya dynasty, the Sangha dynasty and the Kanva dynasty rulers ruled over Magadh. Later, due to the absence of central powers there were many invaders from Central Asia and Western China.

Life after the Maurya Dynasty

After the Maurya dynasty, Pushyamitrs Sangha laid the foundation of the Sangha dynasty.

Later, the last King of the Sangha dynasty was killed by his minister, and he established the Kanva dynasty.

The Kanva dynasty ruled for a very short period.

Life of Kushan Rulers

The Kushan dynasty was from the Yeuzi race of Western China, who came to India after defeating the rulers of the Shaka dynasty.

Kujula Kadphisis, Veem Kadphisis, and Kanishka were the most powerful and famous among the Kushan rulers.

Kushana King Kanishka was its most famous ruler. He spread his empire from Central Asia to North India, up to Varanasi, Kaushambi, Shravasti.

He also gave protection to the Bodh religion, propagated Buddhism, and held a Buddhist conference. For this reason, he was called the second Ashoka.

The Regime of the Gupta Empire

After the decline of the Kushans, the Gupta empire rose.

Shri Gupta, Chandragupta-I, Samudragupta, Chandragupta II were prominent rulers and the founders of the Gupta Empire.

Chandragupta-I was the first empire of the Gupta dynasty. He spread his empire up to Magadh, Saket, Prayag and made his capital Patliputra.

Samudragupta was the successor of Chandragupta-I. He defeated nine kingdoms of North India and twelve kingdoms of South India. Samudragupta is called the “Napoleon of India” because of his massive victories.

Chandragupta II was the successor of Samudragupta. He was also known as Vikramaditya. Kalidas, the great Sanskrit poet, was the court poet of King Vikramaditya.

During the rule of Chandragupta-II, there was peace in his kingdom and progress in agriculture, art, literature, trade, business, etc. People in his kingdom led a comfortable and prosperous life. For all these reasons, the period of Chandragupta-II is called the “Golden Period” of ancient India.

The rulers of the Gupta dynasty managed their administration from Eastern Uttar Pradesh to Magadh in Bihar. The Guptas ruled from 315AD to 550 AD. Later, the empire eventually died out after the attack by the Huna peoples (Kidarites and Alchon Huns) from Central Asia.

Stay tuned to BYJU’S for more information on NIOS, syllabus, notes, along with its important questions and solutions.


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.