British Rule and Independent India

The British landed in India on August 24, 1608, established the British Empire and expanded the East India Company. This was the beginning of British rule in India.

British Rule

Once after establishing its empire, there were many changes that the British administration incorporated, to make India modern.

  • In 1793, the British started collecting land revenues.
  • Police departments were established.
  • Implemented the English language in education.
  • Post offices, Railways, and other public services were established.

National Movement in India

The British were ruling on the policy of “divide and rule.”

During the 19th century, India’s feeling of nationalism developed as an opposition to British rule. There were many rulers and other people who were against the British Government.

British rule brought about a significant loss to Indian culture. They made India poor and economically weak by sending all the profits, land revenues, and crops to Britain.

British rule resulted in a great loss to Indian culture. Later, people started uniting against British rule to save Indian culture.

People united against the exploitation policy of the British administration.

They increased their aggression, which helped in developing a feeling of nationalism. These activities of the Indian National Movement gave birth to the National Movement.

The National Movement in India started after 1858, and we got independence after many stages of struggle.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Krishan Gokhale, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Dada Bhai Marija and many other revolutionary leaders forced the Britishers to leave India.

After independence, India faced many economic, political, and social challenges.

Later, India framed five-year plans for the development of the country and established itself on the regional and international levels in the world.

Stay tuned to BYJU’S, for more information on NIOS, syllabus, notes, along with its important questions and solutions.


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