NIOS Senior Secondary Course Syllabus for Biology

Biology is an essential subject for medical career aspirants. It is a fascinating subject as it includes the study of living organisms and their life processes. Biology is a subject that lays the foundation of important disciplines like Biotechnology, Botany, Ecology, Genetics, Haematology, Molecular Biology, Oncology, Zoology and a lot more. This subject is a vast field that is classified into various branches, depending upon the organisms to be studied. Biology has a great contribution to mankind and therefore it is included in every school curriculum.

The entire course has been divided into five units and thirty-one chapters, with self-assessment provided at the end of each chapter. The total duration of the lesson plan is distributed according to the topics and subtopics – 240 hours for theory and 30 hours for practicals.

NIOS Senior Secondary Level Syllabus – Biology

Students should analyse the syllabus properly before they start with their preparations.

Check the links below for more information about each chapter in the NIOS senior secondary course syllabus for group E – Biology.

To view the chapter details, click on the relevant link:

Unit 1: Diversity and Evolution of Life

Chapter 1: Origin and Evolution of Life and Introduction to Classification

Chapter 2: The Kingdoms Monera, Protoctista and Fungi

Chapter 3: Kingdoms Plantae and Animalia

Chapter 4: Cell – Structure and Function

Chapter 5: Tissues and other Levels of Organisation

Unit 2: Forms and Functions of Plants and Animals

Chapter 6: Root System

Chapter 7: Shoot System

Chapter 8: Absorption, Transport and Water Loss in Plants

Chapter 9: Nutrition in Plants- Mineral Nutrition

Chapter 10: Nitrogen Metabolism

Chapter 11: Photosynthesis

Chapter 12: Respiration in Plants

Chapter 13: Nutrition and Digestion

Chapter 14: Respiration and Elimination of Nitrogenous Waste

Chapter 15: Circulation of Body Fluids

Chapter 16: Locomotion and Movement

Chapter 17: Coordination and Control

Chapter 18: Homeostasis

Unit 3: Reproduction and Heredity

Chapter 19: Reproduction in Plants

Chapter 20: Growth and Development in Plants

Chapter 21: Reproduction And Population Control

Chapter 22: Principles of Genetics

Chapter 23: Molecular Inheritance and Gene Expression

Chapter 24: Genetics and Society

Unit 4: Environment and Health

Chapter 25: Principles of Ecology

Chapter 26: Conservation and Use of Natural Resources

Chapter 27: Pollution

Chapter 28: Nutrition and Health

Chapter 29: Some Common Human Diseases

Unit 5: Emerging Areas in Biology

Chapter 30: Biotechnology

Chapter 31: Immunobiology: An Introduction

We at BYJU’S provide the detailed curriculum for the senior secondary level – Biology and the mark-wise weightage for every chapter to have a good idea about the exam pattern.


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