Environmental Science Senior Secondary Syllabus

Environmental Science is a challenging field that deals with the study of natural and human-induced changes in the environment. The course will not only help expand your knowledge on natural processes, but it will also make you more aware of our impacts on the environment. In addition to this, it will allow you to make better decisions for sustainable living and environmental protection. From a career perspective, environmental scientists are needed to study various aspects of the environment including natural resources, climate change, pollution, land use, and more. Studying environmental science can be a great way to pursue a career in science or even change careers. Environmental scientists can work at federal or state agencies, universities & colleges, private consulting firms, research labs & other organizations.

Senior Secondary Environmental Science Syllabus

Following are some of the chapters that students will have to learn in their senior secondary:

Sl. No.


Time (Hours)


Module 1: Environment through Ages

  • Origin of Earth and Evolution of the Environment
  • Environment and Human Society
  • Degradation of Natural Environment


Module 2: Ecological Concepts and Issues

  • Principles of Ecology
  • Ecosystem
  • Natural Ecosystem
  • Human Modified Ecosystems


Module 3: Human Impact on Environment

  • Human societies
  • Deforestation


Module 4: Contemporary Environment Issues

  • Environmental Pollution
  • Environment and Health
  • Disasters and their Management
  • National Environmental Issues
  • Global Environmental Issues


Module 5 – Environmental Conversation

  • Biodiversity Conversation
  • Conservation of other Natural Resources
  • Conservation of Soil and Land
  • Water and Energy Conservation


Module 6: Sustainable Development

  • Origin and concept of Sustainable Development
  • Modern Agriculture
  • Concept of Sustainable Agriculture
  • Cleaner Technology


Module 7 – Environmental Management

  • Environmental Legislation
  • Environmental Impact assessment
  • Environmental Related Institutions and Organisations
  • Environmental Ethics and Gandhian Approach


Module 8A – Water Resource Management

  • Global Circulation of Water
  • Groundwater Resources
  • Freshwater Resources
  • Methods of water Harvesting
  • Water Conservation at Different Levels


Module 8B – Energy and Environment

  • Importance of Energy in society
  • Non-Renewable Sources of energy
  • Renewable Sources of energy – I
  • Renewable Sources of energy – II
  • Energy Conservation

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