Propionic Acid Formula

Salts and esters of propionic acid and anions CH3CH2CO2 are known as propionates or propanoates. It is a colourless oily liquid with a rancid smell that produces irritating vapour. Propionic acid is a short-chain saturated fatty acid that consists of ethane attached to the carbon of a carboxy group. Let us know the chemical properties of propionic acid.

Chemical Properties Of Propionic Acid

Chemical formula C3H6O2 or CH3CH2COOH
Molecular weight 74.079 g/mol
Density 0.98797 g/cm3
Chemical names Propanoic Acid

Ethanecarboxylic acid

Boiling point 141.15 °C
Melting point −20.5 °C
Crystal structure Monoclinic

Propionic Acid Structural Formula

The structural representation of Propionic Acid is as shown in the figure below. It is used in the production of chemicals and polymers.

Propionic Acid Structural Formula

Uses Of Propionic Acid

  • Propionic acids are used in industrial applications.
  • Propionic acids are used in biological applications.

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