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RBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5 Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q1. Mention any three demerits of Democratic governance?
Answer: The three demerits of democratic governance are as follows:
Illusory concept of an Individual- Democracy considers individuals full of Intelligence and discretion, So it gives him the right to cast the vote and also perceives him capable of giving fair decisions in political matters. But the critics feel that man is an extinct creature, which is driven by his impulse and basic instincts, so when people are provided franchise we get mobocracy in place of Democracy in practice.
Apathy of the Intellectual Class – The intellectual class remains unconcerned in Democracy. In this system it is believed that numbers are given more importance than merits. For this reason intellectual people do not actively participate in this system.
Claim of Academic Importance is Illusory – The claim that Democracy educates the person about citizenship, moral values and patriotism is illusive. The actual situation is quite different from it. Political parties make concessions in situations according to their selfishness and then publicize the mass national interest. They denounce each other in order to bring various sections of the society under their influence and also keep provoking their feelings.
Q2. What is the meaning of social Democracy, as a ‘form of Democracy’?
Answer: Democracy as a type of society is called Social Democracy. The realization of social equality is the key goal of social Democracy. In short social Democracy means that the individuals should not be discriminated against in society on the basis of race, colour ,caste, creed, gender,wealth and birth etc and all should be considered equal in person. According to Hernsha- ’The democratic society is a society which holds the strength of the idea of equality, and also the principle of equality prevails in it.’
The concept of social Democracy primarily emphasises on the right of social equality .Its general meaning is that people should get equal importance in society and no one should be deemed as the means of pleasure for any other person. In practice, two things are necessary to establish social Democracy:
i) The privileges based on religion, race, breed, language, gender, money etc. in the society should be removed.
ii) All people should be given equal opportunities for social progress.
Q3. Which words of the Greek language are combined in the word Democracy and what is the popular and acceptable meaning of it?
Answer: The word ‘Democracy’ is the combination of two words of Greek language Demos and Kratia. Though the basic meaning of Demos is- ’Mob’ but in modern times its meaning is being taken as Public, and Kratia means Power. The meaning of Democracy is a system of governance based on power of the public.
Q4. As a kind of Democracy, what do you understand about the moral Democracy?
Answer: According to some scholars, Democracy is a philosophy of moral and spiritual life. This very moral approach towards Democracy is called ’ethical Democracy’. Ethical Democracy is a practical form of all democratic philosophies in which human values are perceived as the basic foundation of society and governance. The best expression of moral democracy in this form was seen in the slogan ’liberty, equality, and fraternity’ of the liberal democratic revolution of France in 1789. Here, fraternity among all three has more significance, because equality cannot be found without brotherhood amongst individuals, and without equality freedom too cannot be achieved.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5 Short Answer Type Questions
Q5. Mention any three merits of Democratic governance
Answer: Three merits of Democratic governance are:
Growth in Public Interest – The democratic rule is governed by the representatives of public. They win elections on the promise of improvement in public welfare and they have to contest elections in future too. So, these public representatives rule in the interest of the public. The government is accountable to the public in a Democracy.
Effective Governance – Democracy is considered to be the best governing system. There are enough reasons for the efficiency of Democracy, as policies are framed according to the public opinion in this system, so the public support is always available to implement them. Democratic rule is accountable to the public, so it tries to maintain the efficiency of governance.
Means of Mass Education – In a Democracy public display its opinion on common issues. The common man expresses his notions on various problems through general elections and also by several other means of public opinion. People are aware about their rights and duties, and they learn to sacrifice their small interests for the sake of big ones.
Q6. Mention three conditions or circumstances required for the successful steerage of Democracy.
Answer: Following are the three conditions required for the successful steerage of Democracy.
Peace and Order – For a Democracy to be successful, the home conditions are essential to be normal and there should be no fear of war or any external invasion. In this situation, people enjoy their freedom. At the time of external attacks, or if there persists movements challenging the political stability of the country then the government gets the power centralised for the sake of national integrity and security and also imposes a ban on the individual freedom of a person. Therefore, peace and order is essential for Democracy.
Strong National Economy – A strong economy of the nation is essential for the success of Democracy. The democratic system falters if the national economy is going through a crisis.
Establishment of Economic Uniformity – For the successful operation of Democracy not only it is necessary that the national economy remains strong but the economic equality should also prevail in the state, as far as possible. In other words, there should be less or no gap between the rich and the poor.