RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Chapter 6 - Graphs of Trigonometric Functions Exercise 6.2

Exercise 6.2 of Chapter 6, discusses problems based on the graph of a cosine function. The exercise problems are solved by an experienced faculty having in-depth knowledge about these concepts. In addition, the solutions are designed as per the weightage allotted in the board exam. While solving problems students can use the solutions pdf for a quick reference and guidance, which helps in scoring good marks in their exams. RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions are available in the pdf format which can be downloaded easily from the links given below.

Download the Pdf of RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Exercise 6.2 Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions

 

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Also, access other exercises of RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions

Exercise 6.1 Solutions

Exercise 6.3 Solutions

Access answers to RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Exercise 6.2 Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions

1. Sketch the graphs of the following trigonometric functions:

(i) f (x) = cos (x – π/4)

(ii) g (x) = cos (x + π/4)

(iii) h (x) = cos2 2x

(iv) ϕ (x) = 2 cos (x – π/6)

(v) ψ (x) = cos (3x)

(vi) u (x) = cos2 x/2

(vii) f (x) = cos πx

(viii) g (x) = cos 2π x

Solution:

(i) f (x) = cos (x – π/4)

We know that g (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, f (x) = cos (x – π/4) is a periodic function with period π. So, we will draw the graph of f (x) = cos (x – π/4) in the interval [0, π]. The values of f (x) = cos (x – π/4) at various points in [0, π] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

π/4 (B)

π/2 (C)

3π/4 (D)

π (E)

5π/4 (F)

3π/2 (G)

7π/4 (H)

f (x) = cos (x – π/4)

1/√2 = 0.7

1

1/√2 = 0.7

0

-1/√2 = -0.7

-1

-1/√2 = -0.7

0

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -13

(ii) g (x) = cos (x + π/4)

We know that f (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, g (x) = cos (x + π/4) is a periodic function with period π. So, we will draw the graph of g (x) = cos (x + π/4) in the interval [0, π]. The values of g (x) = cos (x + π/4) at various points in [0, π] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

π/4 (B)

π/2 (C)

3π/4 (D)

π (E)

5π/4 (F)

3π/2 (G)

7π/4 (H)

g (x) = cos (x + π/4)

1/√2 = 0.7

0

-1/√2 = -0.7

-1

-1/√2 = -0.7

0

1/√2 = 0.7

1

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -14

(iii) h (x) = cos2 2x

We know that f (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, h (x) = cos2 2x is a periodic function with period π. So, we will draw the graph of h (x) = cos2 2x in the interval [0, π]. The values of h (x) = cos2 2x at various points in [0, π] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

π/4 (B)

π/2 (C)

3π/4 (D)

π (E)

5π/4 (F)

3π/2 (G)

h (x) = cos2 2x

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -15

(iv) ϕ (x) = 2 cos (x – π/6)

We know that f (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, ϕ (x) = 2cos (x – π/6) is a periodic function with period π. So, we will draw the graph of ϕ (x) = 2cos (x – π/6) in the interval [0, π]. The values of ϕ (x) = 2cos (x – π/6) at various points in [0, π] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

π/3 (B)

2π/3 (C)

π (D)

4π/3 (E)

5π/3 (F)

ϕ (x) = 2 cos (x – π/6)

√3 = 1.73

√3 = 1.73

0

-√3 = -1.73

-√3 = -1.73

0

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -16

(v) ψ (x) = cos (3x)

We know that f (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, ψ (x) = cos (3x) is a periodic function with period 2π/3. So, we will draw the graph of ψ (x) = cos (3x) in the interval [0, 2π/3]. The values of ψ (x) = cos (3x) at various points in [0, 2π/3] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

π/6 (B)

π/3 (C)

π/2 (D)

2π/3 (E)

5π/6 (F)

ψ (x) = cos (3x)

1

0

-1

0

1

0

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -17

(vi) u (x) = cos2 x/2

We know that f (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, u (x) = cos2 (x/2) is a periodic function with period π. So, we will draw the graph of u (x) = cos2 (x/2) in the interval [0, π]. The values of u (x) = cos2 (x/2) at various points in [0, π] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

π (B)

2π (C)

3π (D)

u (x) = cos2 x/2

1

0

1

0

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -18

(vii) f (x) = cos πx

We know that g (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, f (x) = cos (πx) is a periodic function with period 2. So, we will draw the graph of f (x) = cos (πx) in the interval [0, 2]. The values of f (x) = cos (πx) at various points in [0, 2] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

1/2 (B)

1 (C)

3/2 (D)

2 (E)

5/2 (F)

f (x) = cos πx

1

0

-1

0

1

0

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -19

(viii) g (x) = cos 2π x

We know that f (x) = cos x is a periodic function with period 2π.

So, g (x) = cos (2πx) is a periodic function with period 1. So, we will draw the graph of g (x) = cos (2πx) in the interval [0, 1]. The values of g (x) = cos (2πx) at various points in [0, 1] are listed in the following table:

x

0 (A)

1/4 (B)

1/2 (C)

3/4 (D)

1 (E)

5/4 (F)

3/2 (G)

7/4 (H)

2

g (x) = cos 2π x

1

0

-1

0

1

0

-1

0

1

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -20

2. Sketch the graphs of the following curves on the same scale and the same axes:

(i) y = cos x and y = cos (x – π/4) 

(ii) y = cos 2x and y = cos (x – π/4

(iii) y = cos x and y = cos x/2 

(iv) y = cos2 x and y = cos x

Solution:

(i) y = cos x and y = cos (x – π/4) 

We know that the functions y = cos x and y = cos (x – π/4) are periodic functions with periods π and π.

The values of these functions are tabulated below:

x

0

π/4

π/2

3π/4

π

5π/4

3π/2

7π/4

y = cos x

1

1/√2 = 0.7

0

-1/√2 = -0.7

-1

-1/√2 = -0.7

0

1

y = cos (x – π/4) 

1/√2 = 0.7

1

1/√2 = 0.7

0

-1/√2 = -0.7

-1

-1/√2 = -0.7

0

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -21

(ii) y = cos 2x and y = cos 2(x – π/4) 

We know that the functions y = cos 2x and y = cos 2(x – π/4) are periodic functions with periods π and π.

The values of these functions are tabulated below:

x

0

π/4

π/2

3π/4

π

5π/4

3π/2

7π/4

y = cos x

1

0

-1

0

1

0

-1

0

y = cos 2 (x – π/4) 

0

1

0

-1

0

1

0

-1

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -22

(iii) y = cos x and y = cos x/2 

We know that the functions y = cos x and y = cos (x/2) are periodic functions with periods π and π.

The values of these functions are tabulated below:

x

0

π/2

π

3π/2

y = cos x

1

0

-1

0

1

y = cos x/2

1

1/√2 = 0.7

0

-1/√2 = -0.7

-1

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -23

(iv) y = cos2 x and y = cos x

We know that the functions y = cos2 x and y = cos x are periodic functions with period 2π.

The values of these functions are tabulated below:

x

0

π/2

π

3π/2

y = cos2 x

1

0

1

0

1

y = cos x

1

0

-1

0

1

The required curve is:

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 6 – Graphs of Trigonometric Functions image -24

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