Related rates of two different quantities or comparison of the rate of change of two quantities are the main topics covered under this exercise. The description provided in the solution PDF enhances the basic concepts among the students, which in turn help in solving problems without mistakes. Students can also assess their knowledge gap with the help of these solutions and study accordingly. RD Sharma Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 13 Exercise 13.2 are available here in simple PDF format, which can be easily downloaded from the given links.

**RD Sharma Solutions Class 12 Derivative as a Rate Measurer Exercise 13.2:**Download PDF

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Page No: 13.19

**1. The side of a square sheet is increasing at the rate of 4 cm per minute. At what rate is the area increasing when the side is 8 cm long?**

**Solution:**

Given the side of a square sheet is increasing at the rate of 4 cm per minute.

To find rate of area increasing when the side is 8 cm long

Let the side of the given square sheet be x cm at any instant time.

Then according to the given question, we can write as

**2. An edge of a variable cube is increasing at the rate of 3 cm per second. How fast is the volume of the cube increasing when the edge is 1 cm long?**

**Solution:**

Given the edge of a variable cube is increasing at the rate of 3 cm per second.

To find rate of volume of the cube increasing when the edge is 1 cm long

Let the edge of the given cube be x cm at any instant time.

Then according to the given question we can write as

**3. The side of a square is increasing at the rate of 0.2 cm/sec. Find the rate of increase of the perimeter of the square.**

**Solution:**

Given the side of a square is increasing at the rate of 0.2 cm/sec.

To find rate of increase of the perimeter of the square

Let the edge of the given cube be x cm at any instant time.

Then according to the given question, we can write as

**4. The radius of a circle is increasing at the rate of 0.7 cm/sec. What is the rate of increase of its circumference?**

**Solution:**

Given the radius of a circle is increasing at the rate of 0.7 cm/sec.

To find rate of increase of its circumference

Let the radius of the given circle be r cm at any instant time.

Then according to the given question, we can write as

Hence the rate of increase of the circleâ€™s circumference will be 1.4 Ï€ cm/sec

**5. The radius of a spherical soap bubble is increasing at the rate of 0.2 cm/sec. Find the rate of increase of its surface area, when the radius is 7 cm.**

**Solution:**

Given the radius of a spherical soap bubble is increasing at the rate of 0.2 cm/sec.

To find rate of increase of its surface area, when the radius is 7 cm

Let the radius of the given spherical soap bubble be r cm at any instant time.

Then according to the given question we can write as

Rate of radius of the spherical soap bubble is increasing

Hence the rate of increase of its surface area, when the radius is 7 cm is 11.2 Ï€ cm^{2}/sec

**6. A balloon which always remains spherical is being inflated by pumping in 900 cubic centimetres of gas per second. Find the rate at which the radius of the balloon is increasing when the radius is 15 cm.**

**Solution:**

Given spherical balloon inflated by pumping in 900 cubic centimetres of gas per second

To find the rate at which the radius of the balloon is increasing when the radius is 15 cm

Let the radius of the given spherical balloon be r cm and let V be the volume of the spherical balloon at any instant time

Then according to the given question,

As the balloon is inflated by pumping 900 cubic centimetres of gas per second hence the rate of volume of the spherical balloon increases by

**7. The radius of an air bubble is increasing at the rate of 0.5 cm/sec. At what rate is the volume of the bubble increasing when the radius is 1 cm?**

**Solution:**

Given radius of an air bubble is increasing at the rate of 0.5 cm/sec

To find the rate at which the volume of the bubble increasing when the radius is 1 cm

Let the radius of the given air bubble be r cm and let V be the volume of the air bubble at any instant time

Then according to the given question,

**8. A man 2 metres high walks at a uniform speed of 5 km/hr. away from a lamp – post 6 metres high. Find the rate at which the length of his shadow increases.**

**Solution:**

Given a man 2 metres high walks at a uniform speed of 5 km/hr. away from a lamp – post 6 metres high

To find the rate at which the length of his shadow increases

Let AB be the lamp post and let MN be the man of height 2m.

Let AL = l meter and MS be the shadow of the man

Let length of the shadow MS = s (as shown in the below figure)

Hence the rate at which the length of his shadow increases by 2.5 km/hr. and it is independent to the current distance of the man from the base of the light.

**9. A stone is dropped into a quiet lake and waves move in circles at a speed of 4 cm/sec. At the instant when the radius of the circular wave is 10 cm, how fast is the enclosed area increasing?**

**Solution:**

Given a stone is dropped into a quiet lake and waves move in circles at a speed of 4 cm/sec.

To find the instant when the radius of the circular wave is 10 cm, how fast is the enclosed area increasing

Let r be the radius of the circle and A be the area of the circle

When stone is dropped into the lake waves moves in circle at speed of 4cm/sec. i.e., radius of the circle increases at a rate of 4cm/sec

**10. A man 160 cm tall walks away from a source of light situated at the top of a pole 6 m high, at the rate of 1.1m/sec. How fast is the length of his shadow increasing when he is 1m away from the pole?**

**Solution:**

Given a man 160cm tall walks away from a source of light situated at the top of a pole 6 m high, at the rate of 1.1m/sec

To find the rate at which the length of his shadow increases when he is 1m away from the pole

Let AB be the lamp post and let MN be the man of height 160cm or 1.6m.

Let AL = l meter and MS be the shadow of the man

Let length of the shadow MS = s (as shown in the below figure)

Hence the rate at which the length of his shadow increases by 0.4 m/sec, and it is independent to the current distance of the man from the base of the light.

**11. A man 180 cm tall walks at a rate of 2 m/sec. away, from a source of light that is 9 m above the ground. How fast is the length of his shadow increasing when he is 3 m away from the base of light?**

**Solution:**

Given a man 180cm tall walks at a rate of 2 m/sec away; from a source of light that is 9 m above the ground

To find the rate at which the length of his shadow increases when he is 3m away from the pole

Let AB be the lamp post and let MN be the man of height 180cm or 1.8m.

Let AL = l meter and MS be the shadow of the man

Let length of the shadow MS = s (as shown in the below figure)

ds/dt = 0.57m/sec

Hence the rate at which the length of his shadow increases by 0.57 m/sec, and it is independent to the current distance of the man from the base of the light.

**12. A ladder 13 m long leans against a wall. The foot of the ladder is pulled along the ground away from the wall, at the rate of 1.5m/sec. How fast the angle Î¸ between the ladder and the ground is is changing when the foot of the ladder is 12 m away from the wall.**

**Solution:**

Given a ladder 13 m long leans against a wall. The foot of the ladder is pulled along the ground away from the wall, at the rate of 1.5m/sec

To find how fast is the angle Î¸ between the ladder and the ground is changing when the foot of the ladder is 12 m away from the wall

Let AC be the position of the ladder initially, then AC = 13m.

DE be the position of the ladder after being pulled at the rate of 1.5m/sec, then DE = 13m as shown in the below figure.

Hence the angle Î¸ between the ladder and the ground is changing at the rate of 0.3 rad/sec (because angle cannot be negative) when the foot of the ladder is 12 m away from the wall.

**13. A particle moves along the curve y = x ^{2}Â + 2x. At what point(s) on the curve are the x and y coordinates of the particle changing at the same rate?**

**Solution:**

Given a particle moves along the curve y = x^{2}Â + 2x.

To find the points at which the curve are the x and y coordinates of the particle changing at the same rate

Equation of curve is y = x^{2}Â + 2x

Differentiating the above equation with respect to x, we get

dy/dx = [d(x^{2} + 2x)]/dx

**14. If y = 7x â€“ x ^{3}Â and x increases at the rate of 4 units per second, how fast is the slope of the curve changing when x = 2?**

**Solution:**

Given equation of curve y = 7x â€“ x^{3}Â and x increases at the rate of 4 units per second.

To find how fast is the slope of the curve changing when x = 2

Equation of curve is y = 7x â€“ x^{3}

Differentiating the above equation with respect to x, we get slope of the curve

The slope cannot be negative,

HenceÂ the slope of the curve is changing at the rate of 48 units/sec when x = 2

**15. A particle moves along the curve y = x ^{3}. Find the points on the curve at which the y – coordinate changes three times more rapidly than the x – coordinate.**

**Solution:**

Given a particle moves along the curve y = x^{3}.

To find the points on the curve at which the y – coordinate changes three times more rapidly than the x – coordinate

Equation of curve is y = x^{3}

Differentiating the above equation with respect to t, we get

When x = 1, y = x^{3}Â = (1)^{3}â‡’Â y = 1

When x = – 1, y = x^{3}Â = (- 1)^{3}â‡’Â y = – 1

Hence the points on the curve at which the y – coordinate changes three times more rapidly than the x – coordinate are (1, 1) and ( – 1, – 1).