Panaji is the capital of Goa. Panaji is also the headquarters of the North Goa district. Area-wise, Goa is the smallest state in India. This article will provide you with brief information about Panaji and Goa.
Panaji – A Brief Overview
- Panaji is the largest Urban Agglomeration in Goa.
- Panaji is located on the banks of the Mandovi river.
- Under the smart cities mission of the Government of India, Panaji has been selected as one of the cities to be developed as a smart city.
- Panaji was the capital of Portuguese India.
- In 1961, India liberated Panaji and the rest of Goa from Portuguese occupation.
- Panaji was the capital of the union territories of Goa, and Daman and Diu from 1961 to 1981.
- Out of the total population of Panaji, males constitute 52% and females constitute 48% of the population.
- The three major religions followed in Goa are Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam.
- The National Institute of Oceanography is located in Panaji.
- Panaji and Lisbon in Portugal are twin towns – sister cities.
Goa – A Brief Overview of the Smallest State in India
- Goa is located between Karnataka and Maharashtra.
- To the west of Goa is the Arabian Sea.
- Among all the Indian states, Goa has the highest GDP per capita.
- Among the Indian states, in the Human Development Index, Goa is ranked in 3rd position.
- Konkani is the official language of Goa.
- Goa attracts a large number of domestic and international tourists every year due to its white-sand beaches, world heritage listed architecture, places of worship, north western ghats rainforests and active nightlife.
- On the mouth of the River Zuari, is the Mormugao harbour. It is considered one of the best natural harbours in South Asia.
Goa – Economy and Industries
- Goa has achieved 100 per cent rural electrification.
- Mining is the second largest industry in Goa. Goa is rich in minerals and ores. Silica, clay, limestone, manganese, bauxite, and iron are mined in Goa.
- A large chunk of India’s iron ore exports takes place from Goa.
- Vedanta and Dempo are the leading mining companies in Goa.
- Agriculture is also an important component of Goa’s economy, but its importance has been reducing over the last few decades.
- The main agricultural crop in Goa is rice. The other important crops in Goa are coconut, cashew, and areca.
- Due to the very low excise duty on alcohol, Goa is known for its low priced beer, wine, and spirits.
- Remittance is another important source of cash inflow into the state of Goa.
- Some types of gambling were legalised by Goa in 1976, making it the first state in India to legalise it.
Goa – Tourism
- The main industry of Goa is tourism.
- The tourism activity inland is low, but the tourism activity along the coastal areas of Goa is very high.
- Goa is very famous for its nightclubs.
- Goa is very popular among tourists from Russia and Britain.
- Water sports is another very popular tourist attraction in Goa.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the capital of Goa?
Panaji is the capital of Goa.
What is the old name for Goa?
In ancient literature, Goa was known by many names, such as Gomanchala, Gomantak, Gopakapattam, Gopakapattana, Govapuri, and Govem.
Is Goa a state or city?
Goa is not a city; it’s a state. Area-wise, Goa is the smallest state in India. India liberated Goa from the Portuguese occupation in 1961. Goa is the smallest state in India. It is ranked very high on the Human Development Index (HDI), and Goa has the best per capita income among all the Indian states.
Which language is spoken in Goa?
Konkani is the official language of Goa. Konkani is one of the 22 scheduled languages mentioned in the 8th schedule of the Constitution. It is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Konkani people. Konkani is a minority language of Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc.
What is the capital of Kerala?
Thiruvananthapuram is the capital of Kerala. The capital of Kerala is also spelled as Tiruvanantapuram. It is also known by its earlier name, Trivandrum. .