Kohima is the capital of Nagaland. Among the eleven districts of Nagaland, Kohima is one of the oldest districts. This article will reveal interesting facts about the capital of Nagaland, and the state of Nagaland.
Interesting Facts – Kohima
- At different points in the past, three districts were carved out of Kohima.
- Peren district was carved out of Kohima district in 2004.
- Dimapur district was carved out of Kohima district in 1998.
- The first district to be carved out of Kohima was the Phek district in 1973.
- Kohima was declared the capital of Nagaland when Nagaland achieved the status of a full-fledged state on 1st December 1963.
- The name Kohima is derived from ‘Kewhira’. Kohima town is located in the village named “Kewhira”.
- Kohima village is also known as ‘Bara Basti’. This is a very well-known village as it is the second-largest village in Asia.
- As per the 2011 census, the population of Kohima district stood at 2,67,988.
- The average literacy rate of Kohima is 85.23% which is higher than the national average of 74.04%.
- The male literacy rate at Kohima is around 89% and the female literacy rate in Kohima is around 81%.
- Angami Nagas and Rengma Nagas are the main indigenous inhabitants of the Kohima district.
Kohima – Climate
- The climate of Kohima is a humid subtropical climate.
- The climate of Kohima is moderate. It has pleasant summers and not too cold winters.
- The coldest months in Kohima are January and December.
Kohima – Historical Battle
- The battle of Kohima which took place during the 2nd World War gave it the epithet ‘Stalingrad of the East.’
- Kohima was the place where one of the bloodiest battles of the 2nd World War took place.
- The Battle of Kohima was voted ‘Britain’s Greatest Battle’ by the British National Army Museum in 2013.
Nagaland – Interesting Facts
- Although Kohima is the capital of Nagaland, the largest city of Nagaland is Dimapur.
- 70% of Nagaland’s economy is dependent on the agriculture sector.
- Other significant economic industries of Nagaland are cottage industries, forestry, tourism, etc.
- The states bordering Nagaland are Manipur, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Myanmar is located to the east of Nagaland.
- 88% of the people of Nagaland follow Christianity.
- Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya are the three Christian majority states of India.
- The great Hornbill festival of India is held in Nagaland from 1st December to 10th December. This Hornbill festival is also called a festival of festivals.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Is Dimapur the capital of Nagaland?
No, Dimapur is not the capital of Nagaland. Kohima is the capital of Nagaland. Dimapur is the largest city in the state of Nagaland. Dimapur is located on the banks of the Dhansiri river. It is located close to the Assam border. It is the main commercial centre and the gateway to the state of Nagaland.
What is the old capital of Nagaland?
When Nagaland attained Statehood on 1st December 1963, Kohima was made the capital of Nagaland.
Was Nagaland part of Assam?
When India attained independence on 15th August 1947, Nagaland was initially part of Assam. On 1st December 1963, Nagaland was carved out as a separate state.
What is the capital of Assam?
Dispur is the capital of Assam. Initially, Shillong was the capital of Assam. After Meghalaya was carved out of Assam, Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Dispur was made the capital of Assam.
What is the capital of Meghalaya?
Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya. Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya after it was carved out of Assam and a new state was formed. Initially, Shillong was the capital of Assam.