Chandigarh is the capital of Punjab. The name Chandigarh is derived from an ancient temple named Chandi Mandir located near the city. This temple is devoted to the Hindu goddess Chandi. Chandigarh is the joint capital of Haryana and Punjab. This article will throw more light on the capital city of Chandigarh and the state of Haryana.
Chandigarh – A Brief Overview
- Chandigarh is a city, district, and union territory of India.
- Chandigarh is bordered by the state of Haryana to the east.
- Chandigarh is bordered by Punjab to its south, west, and north.
- Chandigarh is famous for its urban design and architecture.
- It was designed by Le Corbusier, a Swiss-French architect.
- In post-independent India, Chandigarh is one of the earliest planned cities.
- Chandigarh is ranked among the highest on the Human Development Index (HDI).
- Chandigarh was ranked as the happiest city in India, in one of the happiness indexes published in 2015.
- English is the official language of Chandigarh. The majority of the people speak Hindi, followed by Punjabi.
Chandigarh – Famous for Parks
- Chandigarh is famous for its green belts and tourist parks.
- Some of the famous parks are “Garden of Silence”, “The Rock Garden”, “Zakir Hussain Rose Garden”, “Botanical Garden”, “Japanese Garden”, etc.
Punjab – Interesting Facts
- The Indian states bordering the state of Punjab are Rajasthan, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh.
- Jammu and Kashmir is the union territory bordering the state of Punjab.
- Punjab shares an international border with Pakistan.
- The state of Punjab has 23 districts.
- The official language of Punjab is Punjabi.
- The dominant religious groups in Punjab are Sikhs and Hindus.
- The state of Punjab gets its name from the 5 rivers which flow through the state of Punjab. ‘Panj’ means five and ‘ab’ means water.
- The names of those rivers are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej.
- Those 5 rivers are the tributaries of the Indus river.
Punjab – Economy
- Punjab has vibrant tourism, music, culinary, and film industries.
- Punjab is predominantly an agrarian society.
- Punjab is called India’s bread basket or ‘granary of India’.
- The soil in Punjab is very fertile for growing vegetables, fruits, sugar cane, and rice.
- 11% of India’s rice is produced in Punjab.
- Close to 20% of India’s wheat is produced in Punjab.
- Around 10% of India’s cotton is grown in Punjab.
- The districts of Punjab which produce the highest amount of wheat and rice are Ferozepur and Fazilka.
- Since the Green Revolution, the economy of Punjab was mainly dependent on agriculture.
- In 1981, Punjab was ranked 1st in GDP per capita.
- Other major industries in Punjab are the manufacturing of scientific instruments, sports goods, garments, bicycles, fertilisers, sewing machines, electrical goods, agricultural goods, machine tools, fertilisers, starch, and financial services.