Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. It is popularly known as the Pink City. Jaipur is the largest city in the state of Rajasthan. This article will shed more light on the capital of Rajasthan, and the state of Rajasthan, which is located in the northern part of India.
Jaipur (Pink City) – A Brief Overview
- Jaipur is the 10th most populous city in India.
- As pink was the dominant colour scheme of the buildings in Jaipur, this city came to be known as the ‘Pink City.’
- The famous Indian scientist, C.V. Raman had called Jaipur the ‘Island of Glory.’
- Jaipur is also known as the Paris of India.
- Kachhwaha Rajput ruler Jai Singh II founded Jaipur in 1727. He was the ruler of Amer.
- Jaipur was a planned city, designed by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya.
- It is also the largest city in the state of Rajasthan.
Jaipur – Famous Tourist Destination
- Jaipur is a very important tourist destination in India.
- Jaipur, along with Agra and Delhi, is known as the Golden Triangle tourist circuit of India.
- It is also considered to be the gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan.
- The UNESCO World Heritage Sites Jantar Mantar and Amer Fort are located in Jaipur.
- Apart from Amer fort and Jantar Mantar, some of the other most popular tourist destinations of Jaipur are Nahargarh Fort, City Palace, Jal Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Albert Hall Museum, Jaipur Zoo, Sanghiji Jain temple, Moti Dungri Ganesh Temple, Garh Ganesh Temple, Birla Mandir, Jaigarh Fort, etc.
Rajasthan – Interesting Facts
- The word Rajasthan means ‘Land of Kings’.
- By area, Rajasthan is the largest state in India.
- Rajasthan constitutes 10% of the total geographical area of India.
- By population, Rajasthan is the seventh-largest state in India.
- The 5 Indian states bordering the state of Rajasthan are Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana.
- The Tropic of Cancer passes through the southern tip of Rajasthan.
- Rajasthan shares an international boundary with Pakistan.
- Apart from Jaipur, the other important cities of Rajasthan are Jodhpur, Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Udaipur, Kota, and Bharatpur.
- India successfully conducted its underground nuclear weapon tests in 1974 and 1998 at Pokhran. It is located in the state of Rajasthan.
Rajasthan – Flora and Fauna
- Rajasthan is home to four national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. They are the Desert National Park of Jaisalmer, the Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur, the Sariska Tiger Reserve of Alwar, and the Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur.
- Ranthambore National Park is a tiger reserve and it is well known across the globe.
- Khejri is the state tree of Rajasthan.
- Rohida is the state flower of Rajasthan.
- Godavan (great Indian bustard) is the state bird of Rajasthan.
- Camel and Chinkara are the state animals of Rajasthan.
- Keoladeo National Park is famous for its bird life. It is a World Heritage Site. It is located in Bharatpur.
Rajasthan – Economy
- Rajasthan’s economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral.
- The main industries of Rajasthan are textile-based, agriculture-based, and mineral-based.
- The sandstone from Jodhpur is very famous as it is mostly used to build important buildings and monuments.
- The second-largest source of cement in India is Rajasthan.
- The biggest wool-producing state in India is Rajasthan.
- The second-largest producer of polyester fibre in India is Rajasthan.
- Rajasthan is the second-largest producer of oilseeds.
- Oilseeds, sugarcane, pulses, barley, and wheat crops are grown in Rajasthan.
- The largest cluster of photovoltaic power plants in a single region in the world is the Bhadla solar park located in Rajasthan.