Unit Circle Formula

In mathematics, a unit circle is a circle with a radius of one. Especially in trigonometry, the unit circle is the circle of radius one centered at the origin (0, 0) in the Cartesian coordinate system in the Euclidean plane.

The unit circle is often denoted $S^{1}$ : the generalization to higher dimensions is the unit sphere. The interior of the unit circle is called the open unit disk while the interior of the unit circle combined with the unit circle itself is called the closed unit disk.unit-circle

The general equation of circle is given below:

\[\large \left(x-h\right)^{2}+\left(y-k\right)^{2}=r^{2}\]

Where (h, k) are center coordinates and r is the radius.

The unit circle formula is: 

\[\large x^{2}+y^{2}=1\]

Where x and y are the coordinate values.

Solved Examples Unit Circle Formula

Question: Show that the point $P\left[\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3},\,\frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{3}}\right]$ is on the unit circle.


We need to show that this point satisfies the equation of the unit circle, that is: $x^{2}+y^{2}=1$ 




= 1

Therefore P is on the unit circle.

Practise This Question

An electric bell has a rating of 500 W 100 V. It is used in a circuit having a 200 V supply. What resistance must be connected in series with the bulb so that it delivers 500 W?