Universal Gravitation Formula

The law of universal gravitation states that any two objects in the universe attract each other with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

It’s a general Physics law derived from the observations by Isaac Newton. In modern language, the law states: every point mass attracts another single point mass by a force pointing along the line intersecting both the ends.

The universal gravitation force  formula is given by

Universal Gravitation Formula

 

Where,

F = Force of attraction between two objects (N)

G = universal gravitational constant = 6.67259 x 1011 N m2/kg2

m1,m1 = two different masses (Kg)

r = is the distance between them

Solved Numericals

Example 1

Determine the gravitational force if two masses are 30kg and 50kg separated by a distance 4m.

G = 6.67259 x 1011 N m2/kg2

Solution:

Given:

m1 = 30 kg, m2 = 50 kg

r = 4m and

G = 6.67259 x 1011 N m2/kg2

Universal gravitation formula is given by,

Universal Gravitation Formula

  = [6.673×1011 ×30×50] / 16

F = 62.55 x 1011N

Example 2

Determine the gravitational force if the mass of two bodies are 80 kg and 200 kg and they are separated by a distance of 6m.

Solution:

Given:

m1 = 80 kg, m2 = 100 kg,

r = 6m and

G = 6.67259 x 1011 N m2/kg2.

Universal gravitation formula is given by,

F=Gm1m2 / r2

 =6.673×1011× 80×100 / 36

F =148.28×1011N

 

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