Weighted average is an average in which each quantity to be averaged is assigned a weight. These weightings determine the relative importance of each quantity on average. Weightings are the equivalent of having that many like items with the same value involved in the average. For instance, let x be the observations and w be the weights of the observations, the formula of the weighted average is given below.
Or in simple terms, we can write the formula as below:
To find the weighted term, multiply each term by its weighting factor, which is the number of times each term occurs.
Example: A class of 25 students took a science test. 10 students had an average score of 80. The other students had an average score of 60. What is the average score of the whole class?
Step 1: To get the sum of weighted terms, multiply each average by the number of students that had that average and then add them up.
80 × 10 + 60 × 15 = 800 + 900 = 1700
i.e. Sum of weighted terms = 1700
Step 2: Total number of terms = Total number of students = 25
Step 3: Using the formula
Answer: The average score of the whole class is 68.